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Specification Variables

Specification Variables » nation: characteristics

Related subjects
Keywords
state of nation, societal conditions

List of Findings using this Specification Variable

Correlate as named by investigator People investigated Finding Income equality Adults, general public, 28 countries, 1965-1985 Economic prosperity 18+ aged, general public, 40 nations, early 1990s Culture component 18+ aged, general public, 40 nations, early 1990s Overall competitiveness General public and students, 42 nations, 1986-1989 Self-referenced performance motives (intrinsic motives) Students, 42 countries, 2002 Other-referenced performance motives (extrinsic motives) Students, 42 countries, 2002 Value: Individualism (versus collectivism) Adults, general public, 43 nations, early 1990's Opportunity to choose (negative freedom) Adults, general public, 43 nations, early 1990's Capability to choose (positive freedom) Adults, general public, 43 nations, early 1990's Individualism (Triandis) Adults, general public, 43 nations, early 1990's Education 18+ aged, general public, 27 EU member states, 2003 Employment status 18+ aged, general public, 27 EU member states, 2003 Living situation 18+ aged, general public, 27 EU member states, 2003 Health situation 18+ aged, general public, 27 EU member states, 2003 Honest and efficient government 18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004 Democratic process 18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004 Legal quality 18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004 Gastil Index 18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004 Polity IV index 18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004 Political constraints III and V 18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004 Law and Order 18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004 Social trust 18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004 Belief in God 18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004 Divorce rate 18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004 Unemployment rate 18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004 Communist past 18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004 Openness to trade 18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004 Investment price level 18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004 Average membership 18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004 Summed effects of current conditions 18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004 Government effectiveness 18+ aged, general public, in 90 nations, 1999-2008 Control of Corruption 18+ aged, general public, in 90 nations, 1999-2008 Government impartiality 18+ aged, general public, in 90 nations, 1999-2008 GDP per capita 18+ aged, general public, in 90 nations, 1999-2008 Gini Index 18+ aged, general public, in 90 nations, 1999-2008 Income Share of poorest 20% 18+ aged, general public, in 90 nations, 1999-2008 Healthy life expectancy 18+ aged, general public, in 90 nations, 1999-2008 Infant Mortality 18+ aged, general public, in 90 nations, 1999-2008 Interpersonal trust 18+ aged, general public, in 90 nations, 1999-2008 Confidence in Parliament 18+ aged, general public, in 90 nations, 1999-2008 Importance of God 18+ aged, general public, in 90 nations, 1999-2008 Post-Materialism 18+ aged, general public, in 90 nations, 1999-2008 Level of Democracy 18+ aged, general public, in 90 nations, 1999-2008 Civic participation in nation 18+ aged, 19 European nations, 2002-2003 Suicide Adults,, general public, Europe, Multiple nations, 1999 Gross household income (log) 18+ aged, general public, 32 OECD member states,1994-2008 Expenditures on food beverages and tobacco 18+ aged, general public, Trasition countries, 2006 Expenditures on clothing and footwear 18+ aged, general public, Trasition countries, 2006 Expenditures on transport and communication 18+ aged, general public, Trasition countries, 2006 Expenditures on recreation, entertainment and meals outside, etc. 18+ aged, general public, Trasition countries, 2006 Expenditures on education 18+ aged, general public, Trasition countries, 2006 Expenditures on health 18+ aged, general public, Trasition countries, 2006 Expenditures on furnishings 18+ aged, general public, Trasition countries, 2006 Expenditures on durable goods 18+ aged, general public, Trasition countries, 2006 Expenditures on food beverages and tobacco 18+ aged, general public, developed and transition nations, 2010 Expenditures on utilities 18+ aged, general public, developed and transition nations, 2010 Expenditures on transportation 18+ aged, general public, developed and transition nations, 2010 Expenditures on education 18+ aged, general public, developed and transition nations, 2010 Expenditures on health 18+ aged, general public, developed and transition nations, 2010 Expenditures on clothing and footwear 18+ aged, general public, developed and transition nations, 2010 Expenditures on durable goods 18+ aged, general public, developed and transition nations, 2010 Reduction in comsumption on staple foods 18+ aged, general public, developed and transition nations, 2010 Reduction in comsumption on luxury goods 18+ aged, general public, developed and transition nations, 2010 Reduction in comsumption on Alcoholic drinks 18+ aged, general public, developed and transition nations, 2010 Reduction in comsumption on regular medications 18+ aged, general public, developed and transition nations, 2010 Reduction in comsumption on utilities 18+ aged, general public, developed and transition nations, 2010 Economic freedom 18+ aged, 79 countries, 1981-2007 Freedom and control 18+ aged, general public, 74 countries, 1981-2004 Religious attendance 18+aged, general public, 65 countries, 1999-2004 Political self-determination Adults, general public, 90 nations 1995-2005 Personal religious identity 18+aged, general public, 65 countries, 1999-2004 Relative agentic life strategies 18+ aged, general public, 89 nations, 1995-2005 Social trust 18+ years, general public, 87 countries, 1995-2005 Openness 18+ aged, 76 countries, 1990s Years of openness 18+ aged, 76 countries, 1990s Economic growth Adult general population 67 nations followed 10 to 40 years 1946 to 2011 Individual household income 15+ aged general public, 135 nation followed at least 3 years, 2005-2011 Political change: before and after the fall of socialism 18+ aged, general public, East Germany, 1990-2004 Trends in income before and after the fall of socialism 18+ aged, general public, East-Germany 1990-2006 Work status Married women, 44 nations, 2000 Standard of living in nation Married women, 44 nations, 2000 Rich/poor difference in happiness 20-50 aged mothers, 26 EU countries, 2003 Generalized trust 50+ aged, 6 non-Western developing countries, 201? Age Married women, 44 nations, 2000 Educational attainment Married women, 44 nations, 2000 Female labor participation rate Married women, 44 nations, 2000 Firm size 18+aged,working people, 32 European countries, 2013 Self-employed 18+aged,working people, 32 European countries, 2013 Urban-rural difference 15+ aged general public, 80 countries,2005-2008 Occupation 15+ aged general public, 80 countries,2005-2008 Employed in public administration Working people, USA 1992-94 Sexe (male vs female) 50-75 aged, general public, 12 European nations, 2006-2007 Unemployment 15+ aged, general public, Europe 2010-2015 Inflation 15+ aged, general public, Europe 2010-2015 GDP per capita 15+ aged, general public, Europe 2010-2015 Population size 15+ aged, general public, Europe 2010-2015 Journalism culture 15+ aged, general public, Europe 2010-2015 Impact levels of social events 15+ aged, general public, Europe 2010-2015 Financial distress, making ends meet 50-75 aged, general public, 12 European nations, 2006-2007 Socio-economic Index 50-75 aged, general public, 12 European nations, 2006-2007 Remittances Intimates left behind after migration, Multiple nations, 2009 - 2011 Relatives abroad Intimates left behind after migration, Multiple nations, 2009 - 2011 Living as single (cohabituation) 50-75 aged, general public, 12 European nations, 2006-2007 Being employed (paid job) 50-75 aged, general public, 12 European nations, 2006-2007 National advertising expenditures 15+ aged, 27 nations, Europe, 1980-2011 Welfare-state regime 25-80 aged, general public, Europe, Multiple nations, 2002 - 2012 Occupational status (ISEI) 25-80 aged, general public, Europe, Multiple nations, 2002 - 2012 Access to information and communication technology 15+ Aged General Public in 120 Nations 2010- 2012 Access to information and communication technology 15+ aged general public, North America, 2010- 2012 Access to information and communication technology 15+ aged general public , Latin American countries, 2010- 2012 Access to information and communication technology 15+ aged general public, Sub-Sahara African countries, 2010- 2012 Access to information and communication technology 15+ aged general public. Middle East and North African nations 2010- 2012 Access to information and communication technology 15+ aged general public, East Asian countries, 2010- 2012 Access to information and communication technology 15+ aged general public, South Asian countries, 2010- 2012 Access to information and communication technology 15+ aged general public, South East Asian countries, 2010- 2012 Access to information and communication technology 15+ aged general public, Australia and New Zealand, 2010- 2012 Access to information and communication technology 15+ aged general public, Commonwealth of Independant States, 2010- 2012 Access to information and communication technology 15+ aged general public, Eurppean nations, other than EU and Balkans, 2010- 2012 Importance of religion 18+ aged general public, 89 nations, 1995- 2007 Technological amenities 15+ aged general public, 29 EU countries, 2005- 2008 Mobile phone Penetration 15+ aged general public, 29 EU countries, 2005- 2008 Broadband Penetration 15+ aged general public, 29 EU countries, 2005- 2008 Social Value Index Score 18+ aged general public, 47 countries, 2008 Modernization Values Index Score 18+ aged general public, 47 countries, 2008 GDP 18+ aged, general public, 33 nations, followed 1989 - 2012 Income Redistribution 18+ aged, general public, 33 nations, followed 1989 - 2012 2001-2005 15+ aged general public, 15 EU nations countries 2001-2005 2001-2005 15+ aged general public, 27 European nations 2001-2005 GNI per capita 15+ aged general public, 27 European nations 2001-2005 Increase in GNI per capita 15+ aged general public, 27 European nations 2001-2005 Transition period 15+ aged general public, Eastern European countries 2001-2008 Change over time by initial level 15+ aged general public, Eastern European countries 2001-2008 GNI per capita 15+ aged general public, Eastern European countries 2001-2008 Satisfaction with democracy 15+ aged general public, Eastern European countries 2001-2008 Level of Urbanisation 18+ aged general public, 16 OECD nations, 1995- 2007 Mobility 18+ aged general public, 16 OECD nations, 1995- 2007