- Students, 42 countries, 2002
- N = 14000
- Non Response:
Questionnaire completed in class
- Authors's label
- Self-referenced performance motives (intrinsic motives)
- Our Classification
- Self-reports on three questions:
A. If I am not good at something, I would rather keep struggling to master it than move on to something I may be good at.
B. I would rather do something at which I feel confident and relaxed than something which is challenging and difficult (reversed scoring).
C. I more often attempt tasks that I am not sure I can do than tasks I believe I can do.
Average scores of students were used to estimate self-referenced motivation at national levels in 42 nations.
Observed Relation with Happiness
Stronger in developed countries