Correlational findings

Study VandeVliert & Janssen (2002): study ZZ 1986

Students, 42 countries, 2002
N = 14000
Non Response:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire completed in class


Authors's label
Self-referenced performance motives (intrinsic motives)
Our Classification
Self-reports on three questions:
A. If I am not good at something, I would rather keep struggling to master it than move on to something I may be good at.
B. I would rather do something at which I feel confident and relaxed than something which is challenging and difficult (reversed scoring).
C. I more often attempt tasks that I am not sure I can do than tasks I believe I can do.

Average scores of students were used to estimate self-referenced motivation at national levels in 42 nations.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-Sum---sq-vt-11-a r = +.26 ns Average happines by average intrinsic motivation

Stronger in developed countries