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Correlational findings

Study Fritsch et al. (2018): study ZZ Europe 2013

Public:
18+aged,working people, 32 European countries, 2013
Survey name:
EU SILC 2013
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 161127
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Firm size
Our Classification
Operationalization
1: Self-employed: paid employees
0: Self-employed: no empoloyees (reference)
    a. Less than 10 employees
    b. 11-19 employees
    c. 20-49 employees
    d. 50 and more employees

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cb OLRC = +.2 p < .01 Less than 10 employees      (vs none) O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cb OLRC = +.33 p < .01 11-19 employees              (vs none) O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cb OLRC = -.01 p < .01 Paid employees,11-19 employees*GEI O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cb OLRC = +.48 p < .01 Paid employees,20-49 employees O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cb OPRC = +.63 p < .01 50 and more employees        (vs none)

OLRC'S controlled for:
-age
-gender
-marital status
-level of education
-working hours per week
-job change situation
-personal income level

Less positive in nations where the economic climate is better for small enterprises (as measured with Global Entrepreneurship index )