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Correlational findings

Study Böhnke & Kohler (2007): study ZZ EU 27 2003

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 27 EU member states, 2003
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 400000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Living situation
Our Classification
Operationalization
a. living alone
b. living together
c. no support in case of emergencies
d. little contact with friends and neighbours

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b b = +.48 p < .05 LIVING TOGETHER (VERSUS LIVING ALONE)

Social-democratic nations.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b b = +.40 p < .05 Continental nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b b = +.59 p < .05 Liberal nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b b = +.38 p < .05 Mediterranean nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b b = +.30 p < .05 Post-communist nations.



NO SUPPORT IN CASE OF EMERGENCIES (VERSUS LIVING ALONE)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b b = -.33 p < .05 Social-democratic nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b b = -.30 p < .05 Continental nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b b = -.20 p < .05 Liberal nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b b = -.38 p < .05 Mediterranean nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b b = -.57 p < .05 Post-communist nations.



LITTLE CONTACT WITH FRIENDS AND NEIGHBOURS (VERSUS LIVING ALONE)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b b = -.44 p < .05 Social-democratic nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b b = -.43 p < .05 Continental nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b b = -.69 p < .05 Liberal nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b b = -.40 p < .05 Mediterranean nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b b = -.33 p < .05 Post-communist nations.

B's controlled for education, employement status and health situation.

Social-democratic nations: Danmark, Finland, Netherlands, Sweden.
Continental nations: Austria, Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg.
Liberal nations: UK and Ireland.
Mediterranean nations: Cyprus, Greece, Malta, Spain, Portugal.
Post-communist nations: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slowak Republic, Slovenia.