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Correlational findings

Study Easterlin et al. (2011): study ZZ 2005

Public:
15+ aged general public, 80 countries,2005-2008
Survey name:
INT-Gallup World Poll combined waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 212000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Urban-rural difference
Our Classification
Operationalization
1 urban
0 rural

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c DM = + Difference in AVERAGE happiness:
M urban minus M rural  N (x1000)
- all nations          DM = +0.33 N = 212
- developed countries: DM = +0.04 N =  55
- european transition: DM = +0.32 N =  30
- less developed
            countries: DM = +0.43 N = 127
  - Latin America      DM = +0.53 N =  49
  - Asia               DM = +0.43 N =  59
  - Africa             DM = +0.40 N =  18
-
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c = Urban-rural difference smaller
- the richer the country
-
-
-
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c = Urban-rural; difference in happiness much reduced after control for:
- education
- occupation
- income
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c DM = + Less developed countries (LDC)
Urban minus rural difference
- white collar    DM = +0.90
- service worker  DM = +0.67
- non-farm manual DM = +0.60
- bussiness owner DM = +0.56
- farming         DM = +0.43
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c DM = Developed countries (DC)
Urban minus rural difference
- white collar    DM = -0.14
- service worker  DM = -0.03
- non-farm manual DM = -0.11
- bussiness owner DM = -0.28
- farming         DM = ( N to small; < 100)