Data on Trend Average Happiness in Nations

Happiness is how much one likes the life one lives. Average happiness in nations is expressed in the mean of responses to single questions on happiness in general population surveys.
Links in the right hand column lead to the listing of average happiness in nations sorted by measure type on the old website.

VariableItem type and code in item bankCodeNationSince
World Database of happiness (WDH)
Distributional Findings in Nations
Transformed scores (1)
Happiness3-step, all variantsm-hl3_usUSA1947WDH table 111a
3-step, O-HL/c/sq/v/3/aa (2)m-hl3a_usUSA1947WDH table 111a
3-step, O-HL/g/sq/v/3/dm-hl3d_usUSA1947WDH table 111a
4-step, all variantsm-hl4_usUSA1946WHD table 111b
Life satisfaction2-step, O-SLP/g/sq/v/2/bm-ls2_usUSA1979WDH table 121a
4-step, O-SLL/u/sq/v/4/bm-ls4_atAustria1995WDH table 121c
4-step, O-SLL/u/sq/v/4/bm-ls4_beBelgium1973WDH table 121c
4-step, O-SLL/u/sq/v/4/bm-ls4_deGermany (re-united)1990WDH table 121c
4-step, O-SLL/u/sq/v/4/bm-ls4_deeGermany (former East)1990WDH table 121c
4-step, O-SLL/u/sq/v/4/bm-ls4_dewGermany (former West)1973WDH table 121c
4-step, O-SLL/u/sq/v/4/bm-ls4_dkDenmark1973WDH table 121c
4-step, O-SLL/u/sq/v/4/bm-ls4_eu9*EU-9 (3)1973WDH table 121c
4-step, O-SLL/u/sq/v/4/bm-ls4_frFrance1973WDH table 121c
4-step, O-SLL/u/sq/v/4/bm-ls4_grGreece1981WDH table 121c
4-step, O-SLL/u/sq/v/4/bm-ls4_ieIreland1973WDH table 121c
4-step, O-SLL/u/sq/v/4/bm-ls4_itItaly1973WDH table 121c
4-step, O-SLL/u/sq/v/ variants a,e,fm-ls4a_jpJapan1958WDH table 121c
4-step, O-SLW/c/sq/4/em-ls4b_jpJapan1992WDH table 121c
4-step, mean ls4a_jp and ls4b_jpm-ls4_jpJapan1958WDH table 121c
4-step, O-SLL/u/sq/v/4/bm-ls4_luLuxemburg1973WDH table 121c
4-step, O-SLL/u/sq/v/4/bm-ls4_nlNetherlands1973WDH table 121c
4-step, O-SLL/u/sq/v/4/bm-ls4_ptPortugal1985WDH table 121c
4-step, O-SLL/u/sq/v/4/bm-ls4_spSpain1985WDH table 121c
4-step, O-SLL/u/sq/v/4/bm-ls4_ukUK (Great Britain)1973WDH table 121c
5-step, O-SLW/u/sq/v/5 variants a,g,k,lm-ls5_jpJapan1978WDH table 121d
4+5 step, mean ls4_jp and ls5_jpm-ls45_pjJapan1958WDH table 121c+d
11-step, O-SLW/c/sq/n/11/a,d,cam-ls11_auAustralia1975WDH table 122e
BestWorst11-step, C-BW/c/sq/l/11/am-bw11_usUSA1959WDH table 131b
Mixed itemsmean of: hl3_us, hl4_us, ls2_us, bw11_usm-mix_usUSA1946WDH tables 111a+b, 121a, 131b

1) Means transformed to response range 0-10. Method explained in section 7/3.3 of the introductory text.

2) GSS director Smith (1979) advises to drop 1972 from time series analysis because the item was placed in an unusual sequence in the questionnaire. The 2002 rating of happiness may have been depressed by the 9/11 terrorist attack 6 month before.

3) Weighted average: EU-9 (2015) = Belgium x 0.036 + Denmark x 0,18 + France x 0,2137 + West-Gernamy x 0,260 + Ireland x 0,015 + Italy x 0,195 + Luxemburg x 0,002 + Netherlands x 0,054 + UK x 0,208

Same variable in datafile ‘States of nations’ Happiness