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Correlational findings

Study Cheung (2018a): study ZZ World samples 1989

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 33 nations, followed 1989 - 2012
Survey name:
INT-World Values Survey, pooled waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 112876
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Income Redistribution
Our Classification
Operationalization
Income Redistribution: (Market Gini minus Net Gini) as a % of Market Gini. (Reduction of income-inequality; higher values indicate more redistribution)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a r = +.14 p < .01 INDIVIDUAL happiness by degree of income redistribution in one's nation

All nations, all waves, no controls.

More income redistribution: more happiness.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.04 p < .01 b ontrolled for
- Individual characteristics
  - age
  - income
  - power distance
- National characteristics
  - GDP per capita
  - income inequality
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.02 p < .001 CHANGE in individual happiness by CHANGE in income redistribution 1989-2012.

(more redistribution, more happiness)

b controlled for
- Individual characteristics
  - age
  - income
  - power distance
- National characteristics
  - GDP per capita
  - income inequality

Similar b's if controlled for egalitarian or political values.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a = Positive correlation between happiness and income-redistribution unaffected by political preference. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a = Positive correlation between happiness and income-redistribution is higher for people with a low support for egalitarian values than for people with a high support for egalitarian values.b = + .33 resp  +018; p<001. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a = Positive correlation between happiness and income-redistribution is higher for people with a low income than for people with a high income. b = + .032 resp. +.013, p<001. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a = Positive correlation between happiness and income-redistribution is higher in nations with slow economic growth (b = +.033; p<001), than in nations with more rapid economic growth
(b = +.012; p<05)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = + Positive correlation between happiness and income-redistribution is higher in nations where hierarchical values (power distance) are most endorsed (b +.075 vs. +.006, p<001).