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Correlational findings

Study Niedzwiedz et al. (2015): study ZZ EU 12 2006

Public:
50-75 aged, general public, 12 European nations, 2006-2007
Survey name:
SHARE
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 16071
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: computer assisted (CAPI)
face-to-face computer assisted personal interview

Correlate

Authors's label
Financial distress, making ends meet
Our Classification
Distribution
Overall distribution:
1.   12,35%
2.   28,81%
3.   32,50%
4.   26,35%
Operationalization
Respondents were asked to think about their households' total monthly income and rate the degree to which they felt able to make ends meet:
1.with great difficulty,
2.with some difficulty,
3.fairly easy,
4.easily.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-c b = +.54 p < .001 INDIVIDUAL happiness by financial distress

Women in POST-COMMUNIST nations
(Men: +.47, p<.001)
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-c b = +.40 p < .001 Women in SOUTHERN nations
(Men: +.39, p< .001)
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-c b = +.40 p < .001 Women in BISMARCKIAN nations
(Men: +.33, p< .001)
O-SLu-u-sq-n-11-c b = +.24 p < .001 Women in SCANDINAVIAN nations
(Men: +.40, p < 001)

b' s controlled for
-age, age squared
-life course SEI
-cohabituation status
-employment status