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Correlational findings

Study Bjornskov et al. (2010): study ZZ 1981

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 135000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Average membership
Our Classification
Operationalization
Average number of memberships in nine different types of voluntary organizations, which in the tradition of Putnam (2000) aims to capture social activity and social networks.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a = AVERAGE happiness by average membership of voluntary organizations in nations O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.41 p < .01 All nations (N=55) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.26 ns Rich nations (GDP per capita => 8000 USD, N=34)

B's controlled for
-honest and efficient government
-social trust
-belief in god
-divorce rate
-unemployment rate
-post-communism
-openness to trade
-investment price level
-regional and period dummies