Correlational findings

Study Welzel & Inglehart (2010): study ZZ World samples 1995

18+ aged, general public, 89 nations, 1995-2005
Survey name:
WorldValuesSurvey 1994-2008
N = 250000
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Relative agentic life strategies
Our Classification
Individual level correlations in nations between:
a: happiness and  agency feelings (perceived freedom and control)
b: happiness with monetary saturation (satisfaction with financial situation)

Relative agentic strategy = a-b

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a r = +.34 p < .001 AVERAGE happiness by AVERAGE feelings of agency in 71 nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.26 p < .001 b controls for:
-Western tradition (a society's experience with liberal democracy)

Method used is OLS.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.27 p < .001 76 nations.

b controls for:
-societal characteristics
-Western tradition
-individual characteristics
-biological age
-female sex
-income level
-education level
-interaction between societal characteristics (agentic strategy and Western tradition) with individual characteristics:
-communion emphasis (people's emphasis on family and friends as important life domains)
-monetary saturation (satisfaction with financial situation of household)
-agency feeling
-agency feeling*monetary saturation
-agency feeling*communion
-communion*monetary saturation

Method used is hierarchical linear modeling.