Correlational findings

Study Verme (2008): study ZZ World samples 1981

18+ aged, general public, 74 countries, 1981-2004
Survey name:
WorldValuesSurv 1-5
N = 267870
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's label
Freedom and control
Our Classification
Self-report on single question:
"Please use this scale where 1 means 'none at all' and 10 means 'a great deal' to indicate how much freedom of choice and control you feel you have over they way your life turns out."

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a OLRC = +.36 p < .001 INDIVIDUAL happiness by INDIVIDUAL sense of freedom and control

In pooled data set:
OLRC controls for:
- individual characteristics
   -income (rank and squared rank)
   -age (and age squared)
   -tertiary education
    -about cheating on taxes
    -trust in people
    -trust in institutions
    -importance of family
    -importance of work
    -importance of religion
    -importance of politics
-national characteristics
-GDP (and GDP squared)
-employment rate (and squared)
-year fixed effects
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = + In 74 nations separately.
Significantly positive in all 74 nations
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a r = Coefficient of 'freedom and control' in the life satisfaction regressions by GDP per capita.