- 18+ aged, 19 European nations, 2002-2003
- N = 36017
- Non Response:
- Interview: face-to-face
- Authors's label
- Civic participation in nation
- Our Classification
- Average civic participation in nation not explained by individual characteristics. This 'differential' indicates unobserved civic culture in nations.
Civic participation is measured using questions on involvement in 12 kinds of voluntary organizations.
Observed Relation with Happiness
Rpc's controlled for:
- occupational status