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Correlational findings

Study Cheung (2018a): study ZZ World samples 1989

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 33 nations, followed 1989 - 2012
Survey name:
World Values Survey, pooled waves
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 112876
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
GDP
Our Classification
Operationalization
GDP per capita. GDP was transformed such that 1 unit change represents a twofold increase.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a r = +.19 p < .01 INDIVIDUAL happiness by GDP per capita in one's country.

All nations, all waves, no controls.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.43 p < .001 b ontrolled for
- Individual characteristics
  - age
  - income
  - egalitarian values
  - political values
  - power distance
- National characteristics
  - income inequality (net Gini)
  - income redistribution.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.76 p < .001 CHANGE in INDIVIDUAL happiness by CHANGE in GDP per capita in one's country 1989-2012

b ontrolled for:
- Individual characteristics
  - age
  - income
  - egalitarian values
  - political values
  - power distance
- National characteristics
  - income inequality (net Gini)
  - income redistribution.

Similar b's if controlled for egalitarian or political values.