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Correlational findings

Study Beja Jr. (2013): study ZZ 2000

Public:
Married women, 44 nations, 2000
Survey name:
WorldValuesSurvey 5
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 14013
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Standard of living in nation
Our Classification
Operationalization
5 years averages of GDP per capita in 3 subsamples of nations, indicating the general standard of living in the nation:
1 Low- income economies (reference)
2 Middle-income economies
3 Upper-income economies

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a DM = + Nations       Mean happiness Difference w.low
  
Low-income      M=3,29
Middle-income   M=3,69          DM= +.40
Upper-income    M=3,99          DM= +.70

Happiness reported on reduced 1-5 scale
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = .00 p < .01 Upper income nations: b=.000 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = .00 p < .01 Middle income economies: b =.000 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.00 p < .01 Low income economies: b = +.001 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.35 p < .01 Log GDP

Upper income nations
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.54 p < .01 Log GDP

Middle income nations
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.53 p < .01 Log GDP

Low income nations

b's controlled for:
- INDIVIDUAL characteristics
  - age, age squared
  - education
  - income
  - perceived fate control
  - financial satisfaction
  - selffulfillment
  - employment status
- NATION characteristics
  - female labor participation rate