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Correlational findings

Study Bjornskov et al. (2010): study ZZ 1981

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 55 nations, 1981-2004
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 135000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Gastil Index
Our Classification
Operationalization
Index capturing the existence of political rights and civil liberties; lower scores mean better protection of rights and liberties.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a = Average happiness by quality of political rights and civil liberties in nations O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a r = -.51 All nations (N=55) O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.11 p < .10 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.25 p < .01 Rich nations (GDP per capita => 8000 USD, N=34)

B's controlled for

-average membership of voluntary organizations
-social trust
-belief in god
-divorce rate
-unemployment rate
-post-communism
-openness to trade
-investment price level
-regional and period dummies