What is this data file ‘Trends of Happiness in Nations’?


  • assessing trends of happiness in nations
  • explaining change in happiness in nations over time


  • nations in which the distribution of happiness is assessed by means of general population surveys over a period of at least 20 years and involving at least 10 comparable data points

Nations covered at: 1-11-2022

  • Since 1940s: 2
  • since 1950s: 3
  • since 1960s: 8
  • since 1970s: 16
  • since 1980s: 18
  • since 1990s: 41
  • since 2020s: 44


  • Average happiness (mean)
  • Inequality of happiness (standard deviation)
  • Happy Life Years (combination of average happiness and life-expectancy)
  • Inequality-adjusted happiness (combination of average and dispersion of happiness)
  • Life expectancy (estimate of how long newly born will live)

Data file

  • The data are taken from the collection of Distributional Findings on Happiness in Nations
  • The data are stored in an Excel file named, TrendsInNations2022b.xls which can be downloaded here.
    This Excel file can be used as such or be uploaded in a program for statistical analysis, such as R or SPSS.
  • This data file is an open source and can be used if cited properly
  • A yet, the data file restricts to time trends in happiness. The dataset does not include trends in nation characteristics that may be connected to changes in average happiness, such as economic growth . Such data can be added to the file. Additions are welcomed and will be acknowledged on this page. Contact

Cite as:

Veenhoven, R. (202?) Trends of Happiness in Nations; Data file to be used for the longitudinal analysis of societal conditions for happiness. World Database of happiness, Erasmus University Rotterdam
Assessed on (date) at: