print

Correlational findings

Study Fritsch et al. (2018): study ZZ Europe 2013

Public:
18+aged,working people, 32 European countries, 2013
Survey name:
EU SILC 2013
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 161127
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Self-employed
Our Classification
Operationalization
1: Self-employed
0: Paid employee (reference)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cb DM = +/- Split by entrepreneurial climate in nation
                              Employment  DM  
                              SELF PAID  
a.  Liberal market economies
    a  Anglo-Saxon            7.64 7.64   0.00
b  Coordinated market economies
   ba Nordic                  8.14 8.17  -0.03
   bb Continental I           7.97 7.85  +0.12
   bc  Continental II         7.56 7.55  +0.01
c  Mediteranian market econ.  6.65 6.99  -0.34
d  Eastern European market economies
   da Baltic states           6.92 6.86  +0.06
   db Eastern Europe I        5.99 6.41  -0.42
   dc Eastern EuropeII        7.27 7.16  +0.11
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cb r = -.04 O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cb OPRC = -.18 p < .01 OLRC controlled for:
- Individual characteristics
  -age
  -gender
  -marital status
  -level of education
  -working hours per week
  -job change situation
  -personal income level
- institutional context (market type in nation)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cb OLRC = +.45 p < .01 OLRC additionally controled for
- Entreprendurial climate in nations (measured with the Global Entrepreneurship Index GEI
- Interaction GEO * self-employment
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cb OLRC = + More positive in nations with better entrepreneurial climate (measured with Golobal Enterpreneurship Index) O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cb OLRC = - Largely unaffected by personal income, except lowest income quartile O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cb OLRC = + More positive in nations with better entrepreneurial climate (measured with Doing of Business Index)