print

Studies

Inglehart et al. (2008): study ZZ 1981

Publication

Author(s):
Inglehart, R.; Foa, R.; Peterson, C.
Title:
Development, Freedom, and Rising Happiness.
Source:
Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2008, Vol. 3, 264 - 285

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 52 nations, 1981-2007
Sample:
Probability multi-stage cluster sample
Respondents:
N = 72000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
1   dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10  satisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Page in publication:
267, 282-284
Full text:
Selfreport on single question:

On the whole, how happy would you say you are.....?
4  very happy
3  fairly happy
2  not very happy
1  very unhappy
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-b
Author's label:
Happiness
Remarks:
Scores reversed (in original 1 = very happy)
Actual range: 1,40 (Moldova 1996) to 2,58  (Nigeria 2000)
Page in publication:
267,282-284
Full text:
Selfreport on two questions:

A Taking all together, how happy would you say you are?
    4  very happy
    3  quite happy
    2  not very happy
    1 not at all happy
B  All things considered, how satisfied are you with your
    life as-a-whole now?
    10  satisfied
    9
    8
    7
    6
    5
    4
    3
    2
    1  dissatisfied

Computation: (Ax2,5) +B -10

Name: Inglehart's combined score
Classification:
O-Sum---mq-*-14-a
Page in publication:
267, 282-284

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Change average happiness Trend in general public (Change in) GDP per capita (in PPP/pc) Purchasing power (`real' gnp pc) (Change in) democracy Political democracy in nation (Change in) Strength of religiosity Religion in nation (Change in) Tolerance of outgroups Tolerance in nation (Change in) National pride Change in attitudes to nation (Change in) Sense of free choice Freedom in nations Summed effects on levels of happiness Summed nation characteristics Summed effects on change in happiness Summed nation characteristics