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Correlational findings

Study Inglehart et al. (2008): study ZZ 1981

Public:
18+ aged, general public, 52 nations, 1981-2007
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 72000
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
(Change in) Strength of religiosity
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question: How important is God in your life?
1  not important at all
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 very important.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.03 p < .05 T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness by T1 AVERAGE religiosity in 41 nations. O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.14 p < .01 O-Sum---mq-*-14-a b = +.20 p < .01 Change in happiness measured controling T2 by T1
B's further controlled for:
-T1 GDP per capita
-T1 democracy
-T1 tolerance of outgroups

Outcome for O-Sum less significant (05 instead of 01) if additionally controlled for T1-level of national pride and T1-sense of free choice.
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-b b = +.01 ns T2-T1-CHANGE in average happiness by T1-T2 CHANGE in  religiosity in 42 nations O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.05 ns O-Sum---mq-*-14-a b = +.10 ns Change in happiness and religiosity measured controling T2 by T1
B's further controlled for T1-T2 CHANGES:
- GDP per capita
- democracy
- national pride
- tolerance of outgroups
- sense of free choice