- 18+ aged, general public, 52 nations, 1981-2007
- N = 72000
- Non Response
- Interview: face-to-face
- Authors's Label
- Change average happiness
- Our Classification
- Data: World Values Surveys. 52 nations involved in at least two waves between 1981 and 2007, AT LEAST 10 YEARS APART. Cases weighted for number of years between first and last survey; so countries for which the full 26-year time series was available have 2,6 times the weight of countries with a 10-year series. T1 = first survey T2 = last survey
- Not reported.
- Average happiness in a nation assessed at:
T1: first survey
T2: last survey, at least 10 years later
Observed Relation with Happiness
-T1 GDP per capita
-T1 tolerance of outgroups
Similar outcome for O-Sum if additionally controlled for T1 national pride and T1-sense of free choice.
B's are positive: higher initial level at T1 (first survey) predicts higher level at T2 (last survey).
- GDP per capita
- national pride
- tolerance of outgroups
Negative B's mean that higher average happiness at T1 (first survey) predicts lower increase in average happiness between T2 (last survey) and T1.