Correlational findings

Study Inglehart et al. (2008): study ZZ 1981

18+ aged, general public, 52 nations, 1981-2007
N =
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face


Authors's Label
Summed effects on change in happiness
Our Classification
Data: World Values Surveys. 52 nations involved in at least two waves between 1981 and 2007, AT LEAST 10 YEARS APART. Cases weighted for number of years between first and last survey; so countries for which the full 26-year time series was available have 2,6 times the weight of countries with a 10-year series. T1 = first survey T2 = last survey
a- T2-AVERAGE happiness between 1981 and 2007;

and T2-T1-CHANGES (T2 at least 10 years later) between 1981 and 2007 in:
b- GDP per capita
c- level of democracy
d- average religiosity
e- average national pride
f- average tolerance of outgroups
g- average sense of free choice

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-Sum-*-mq-nvt-21-c Ra² = .29 T2-T1-CHANGE in average happiness by T1-T2 CHANGES in a+b+c+d+e+f+g in 42 nations. O-Sum-*-mq-nvt-21-c Ra² = .30 a + g only.  N=59 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-b Ra² = .28 a+b+c+d+e+f+g N=42 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-b Ra² = .21 a + g only. N=59 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a Ra² = .20 a+b+c+d+e+f+g. N=42 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a Ra² = .31 a + g only. N=60.