Study Inglehart et al. (2008): study ZZ 1981
- 18+ aged, general public, 52 nations, 1981-2007
- N = 72000
- Non Response
- Interview: face-to-face
- Authors's Label
- (Change in) democracy
- Our Classification
- Source: Polity IV project: http://www.cidem.umd.edu/polity Examines qualities of democratic and autocratic authority in governing institutions.This perspective envisions a spectrum of governing authority that spans from fully institutionalized autocracies through mixed, or incoherent, authority regimes (termed "anocracies") to fully institutionalized democracies. The "Polity Score" captures this regime authority spectrum on a 21-point scale ranging from -10 (hereditary monarchy) to +10 (consolidated democracy)
- Not reported
- Expert rating of regime authority on a 21-point scale:
- 10= fully institutionalized autocracy
0=incoherent authority regime
+ 10= fully institutionalized democracy
Observed Relation with Happiness
B's further controlled for:
-T1 GDP per capita
-T1 tolerance of outgroups
Outcome for the index less significant (at 05- level instead of 01-level) if additionally controlled for T1-level of national pride and T1-sense of free choice.
B's further controlled T1-T2 CHANGES in::
- GDP per capita
- national pride
- tolerance of outgroups
- sense of free choice
Data on happiness taken from World Values Surveys, 52 nations involved in at least two waves between 1981 and 2007, AT LEAST 10 YEARS APART.
Cases weighted for number of years between first and last survey; so countries for which the full 26-year time series was available have 2,6 times the weight of countries with a 10-year series.
T1 = first survey
T2 = last survey .