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Nations

Distributional Findings on Happiness by measure type and by year in the general public of Romania (RO)

Typical text:
Taking all things together, would you say you are?:
- very happy
- quite happy
- not very happy
- not at all happy
very = 4 ......not at all = 1
Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 4) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a 1990 2.63 0.68 5.84 2.13 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a 1998 2.55 0.70 5.61 2.20 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a 1999 2.39 0.74 5.11 2.32 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-e 2005 2.55 0.71 5.70 2.02 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-e 2005 2.56 0.74 5.72 2.07 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a 2005 2.56 0.74 5.60 2.27 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a 2006 2.63 0.76 5.83 2.31 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a 2012 2.79 0.72 6.31 2.15 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a 2018 2.97 0.73 6.83 2.07 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a 2018 2.94 0.69 6.76 2.00 Average 2.66 0.72 5.93 2.15
Typical text:
I am very happy
- strongly disagree
- moderately disagree
- slightly disagree
- slightly agree
- moderately agree
- strongly agree
Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 6) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD M-AO-cw-sq-v-6-a 2003 3.49 1.17 Average 3.49 1.17
Typical text:
Taking all things together on a scale of one to ten, how hapy would you say you are?
1 very unhappy
:
10 very happy
Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-HL-u-sq-n-10-b 2003 7.16 2.02 6.84 2.25 O-HL-u-sq-n-10-b 2007 7.03 1.92 6.70 2.13 Average 7.10 1.97 6.77 2.19
Typical text:
Generally speaking, how happy do you feel?
10 extremely happy
:
0 extremely unhappy
Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a 2006 6.16 2.18 6.16 2.18 O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a 2008 6.22 2.10 6.22 2.10 Average 6.19 2.14 6.19 2.14
Typical text:
How satisfied are you with the way you are getting on now?
- very satisfied
- all right
- dissatisfied
Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 3) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLL-u-sq-v-3-b 1991 2.02 0.59 4.32 2.52 Average 2.02 0.59 4.32 2.52
Typical text:
How satisfied are you with the life you lead?
- very satisfied
- fairly satisfied
- not very satisfied
- not at all satisfied
very = 4 ....... not at all = 1
Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 4) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-d 1998 2.21 0.75 4.30 2.04 O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-d 1998 2.34 0.74 4.65 2.08 O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-d 1999 1.98 0.74 3.71 1.90 O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-d 1999 1.78 0.72 3.24 1.73 O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-d 2000 2.00 0.78 3.77 2.00 O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-d 2000 1.88 0.75 3.48 1.87 O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-d 2001 2.07 0.73 3.91 1.93 O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-d 2001 2.02 0.74 3.80 1.91 O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-b 2001 2.27 0.81 4.55 2.20 O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-d 2002 2.00 0.75 3.76 1.94 O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-d 2002 2.20 0.74 4.26 2.01 O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-b 2002 2.40 0.81 4.90 2.24 O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-d 2003 2.04 0.74 3.87 1.94 O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-d 2003 2.20 0.77 4.32 2.09 O-SLW-u-sq-v-4-b 2003 2.24 0.82 4.48 2.21 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2004 2.40 0.78 4.88 2.08 O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-d 2004 2.31 0.78 4.60 2.14 O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-d 2004 2.25 0.76 4.45 2.07 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2005 2.35 0.79 4.74 2.12 O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-d 2005 2.17 0.73 4.19 1.99 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2005 2.38 0.81 4.82 2.17 O-SLL-g-sq-v-4-d 2005 2.31 0.72 4.56 2.02 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2006 2.33 0.77 4.69 2.05 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2006 2.40 0.79 4.88 2.11 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2007 2.47 0.75 5.06 2.03 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2007 2.41 0.78 4.91 2.09 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2008 2.49 0.75 5.11 2.04 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2008 2.42 0.75 4.92 2.03 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2009 2.37 0.80 4.81 2.13 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2009 2.35 0.82 4.76 2.19 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2010 2.33 0.85 4.70 2.26 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2010 2.11 0.87 4.12 2.29 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2011 2.23 0.82 4.43 2.18 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2011 2.42 0.78 4.94 2.09 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2012 2.39 0.81 4.86 2.18 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2012 2.32 0.81 4.67 2.17 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2013 2.32 0.86 4.68 2.28 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2013 2.40 0.85 4.89 2.27 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2014 2.49 0.78 5.12 2.10 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2014 2.53 0.74 5.22 2.00 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2015 2.59 0.78 5.39 2.10 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2015 2.54 0.77 5.25 2.07 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2016 2.62 0.75 5.46 2.04 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2016 2.57 0.79 5.34 2.13 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2017 2.62 0.78 5.48 2.12 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2017 2.48 0.81 5.10 2.16 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2018 2.57 0.72 5.32 1.97 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2018 2.55 0.71 5.27 1.94 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2019 2.59 0.76 5.39 2.06 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2019 2.63 0.72 5.50 1.93 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2020 2.69 0.73 5.66 1.99 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2021 2.74 0.72 5.79 1.96 O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b 2021 2.68 0.73 5.63 1.99 Average 2.35 0.77 4.73 2.07
Typical text:
Overall, how satisfied are you with your present life?
- very satisfied
- fairly satisfied
- neither satisfied nor dissatisfied
- fairly dissatisfied
- very dissatisfied
very satisfied = 5 ..... very dissatisfied = 1
Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 5) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-e 1990 3.07 0.90 5.55 2.25 O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-e 1991 2.86 0.88 4.95 2.01 O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-e 1992 2.96 0.95 5.36 2.42 O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-e 1993 2.95 0.95 5.37 2.44 O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-e 1994 2.82 0.93 5.00 2.36 O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-e 1995 2.91 0.95 5.27 2.42 O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-e 1996 2.85 0.97 5.13 2.45 O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-e 1997 2.83 0.93 5.03 2.36 O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-e 1998 2.73 0.98 4.85 2.44 O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-e 1999 2.71 0.98 4.79 2.42 O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-e 2003 2.96 0.99 5.41 2.50 O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-gc 2006 3.07 0.97 5.71 2.46 O-SLW-u-sq-v-5-gc 2010 2.99 0.97 5.51 2.44 Average 2.90 0.95 5.23 2.38
Typical text:
All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now?
10 satisfied
.: .
1 dissatisfied
Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 5.88 2.33 5.42 2.59 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1998 4.86 2.47 4.29 2.75 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 5.23 2.77 4.70 3.08 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 6.19 2.27 5.76 2.52 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ac 2005 5.75 2.38 5.28 2.65 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 5.75 2.38 5.28 2.65 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 6.47 2.08 6.08 2.31 * O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 6.69 2.39 6.32 2.66 * O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2018 7.51 2.32 7.23 2.58 * O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 7.15 2.16 6.83 2.40 Average 6.15 2.36 5.72 2.62
Typical text:
All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
10 very satisfied
:
0 not satisfied
Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cd 2006 5.85 2.55 5.85 2.55 O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-a 2007 5.92 2.14 5.92 2.14 O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cd 2008 6.14 2.50 6.14 2.50 * O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cj 2013 7.20 7.20 * O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cc 2018 7.30 7.30 Average 6.48 2.40 6.48 2.40
Typical text:
A: How satisfied are you with your life as a whole?
B: How satisfied are you with how your life has turned out so far?
C: How happy are you?
0 extremely dissatisfied
:
10 extremely satisfied
Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-Sum-*-mq-n-11-a 2006 6.10 6.10 Average 6.10 6.10
Typical text:
All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
10 very satisfied
:
0 not satisfied
Missing cases of average life-satisfaction in nations estimated on the basis of a combination of observed components of happiness in that nation:
1) Afffective component, measured using responses to multiple questions about yesterday's affective experience, from which an affect balance score was computed
2) Cognitive component, measured using responses to single question on Best-Worst possible life
Computation explained in EHERO Working Paper 2021-3 https://www.eur.nl/en/ehero/media/2021-03-ehero-workingpaper2021-3 How to complete the ranklist of happiness in nations
Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.51 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.24 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.01 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.21 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.32 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.43 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.76 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.87 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.16 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.28 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.36 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.37 Average 6.71
Typical text:
During the past few weeks did you ever feel (yes/no)
- particularly excited or interested in something?
- so restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
- proud because someone complimented you on something you had done?
- very lonely or remote from other people?
- pleased about having accomplished something?
- bored?
- on top of the world?
- depressed?
- that things were going your way?
- upset because someone criticized you?
Finding Measure Code Year Original (-5 - 5) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a 1993 0.71 2.00 5.71 2.00 A-BB-cw-mq-v-2-a 1999 0.34 0.08 5.34 Average 0.53 1.04 5.53 2.00
Typical text:
Average of reported positive affects minus average of negative affects. Various lists of recent affective experiences
Finding Measure Code Year Original (-3 - 3) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD A-AB-cw-mq-v-4-c 2006 0.77 0.79 Average 0.77 0.79
Typical text:
Do you want more days like yesterday?
- yes
- no
% yes
Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 100) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD A-AOL-yd-sq-v-2-a 2007 64.00 Average 64.00
Typical text:
Did you feel yesterday.. (yes/no)?
- enjoyment
- worry
- sadness
- anger
- depression
- did you smile and laugh a lot
Finding Measure Code Year Original (-100 - 100) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-tb 2009 27.83 6.39 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-tb 2010 25.20 6.26 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-tb 2011 24.83 6.24 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-tb 2012 21.34 6.07 Average 24.80 6.24
Typical text:
Did you feel yesterday (yes/no)
- well-rested
- treated with respect
- smile and laugh a lot
- learn or do something interesting
- enjoyment
- physical pain
- worry
- sadness
- stress
- anger

Rated:
0: no
1: yes

Computation: (A+B+C+D+E) - (F+G+H+I+J)
Finding Measure Code Year Original (-100 - 100) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-mb 2006 24.00 6.20 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-mb 2007 33.00 6.70 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-mb 2009 33.00 6.70 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-mb 2010 25.00 6.30 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-mb 2011 26.00 6.30 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-mb 2012 23.00 6.20 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-mb 2013 27.00 6.40 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-mb 2014 24.00 6.20 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-mb 2015 30.00 6.50 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-mb 2016 36.00 6.80 Average 28.10 6.43
Typical text:
Did you feel yesterday.. (yes/no)?
- well rested
- worried
- proud
- depressed
- ...etc
Computation: % positive affect minus % negative affect
Finding Measure Code Year Original (-100 - 100) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-o 2007 33.00 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-o 2012 27.70 Average 30.35
Typical text:
Did you feel yesterday.. (yes/no)?
- well rested
- worried
- proud
- depressed
- ...etc
Computation: % positive affect minus % negative affect
Finding Measure Code Year Original (-100 - 100) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-b 2007 33.00 Average 33.00
Typical text:
Finding Measure Code Year Original (-100 - 100) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-fb 2005 29.63 6.48 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-fb 2007 36.76 6.84 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-j 2011 0.35 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-fb 2013 31.12 6.56 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-fb 2014 32.38 6.62 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-fb 2015 40.26 7.01 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-fb 2016 43.67 7.18 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-fb 2017 50.29 7.51 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-fb 2018 43.69 7.18 A-AB-yd-mq-v-2-fb 2019 45.38 7.27 Average 35.35 6.96
Typical text:
Suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom of the ladder the worst possible life. Where on this ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
- 10
- .
- .
- 0
Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c 2005 5.05 2.28 5.05 2.28 C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c 2007 5.39 2.10 5.39 2.10 C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c 2009 5.37 2.07 5.37 2.07 C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c 2010 4.91 2.33 4.91 2.33 C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c 2011 5.02 2.27 5.02 2.27 C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c 2012 5.17 2.45 5.17 2.45 C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c 2013 5.08 2.32 5.08 2.32 C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c 2014 5.73 2.36 5.73 2.36 C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c 2015 5.78 2.12 5.78 2.12 C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c 2016 5.97 2.20 5.97 2.20 C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c 2017 6.09 2.14 6.09 2.14 C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c 2018 6.15 2.20 6.15 2.20 C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c 2019 6.13 2.22 6.13 2.22 Average 5.53 2.24 5.53 2.24
Typical text:
On the whole my life is close to how I would like it to be
- strongly agree
- agree
- neither agree nor disagree
- disagree
- strongly disagree
Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 5) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD C-RA-u-sq-v-5-a 2007 2.99 0.99 4.98 1.99 Average 2.99 0.99 4.98 1.99
Typical text:
How happy, satisfied or pleased have you been with your personal life during the past month ...... ?
6 extremely happy, could not have been more satisfied or pleased
5 very happy
4 fairly happy
3 satisfied, pleased
2 somewhat dissatisfied
1 very dissatisfied
Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 6) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD M-FH-cw-sq-v-6-a 1993 3.66 1.04 M-FH-cw-sq-v-6-a 1994 3.56 1.08 5.13 2.16 M-FH-cw-sq-v-6-a 1995 3.51 1.08 5.02 2.17 M-FH-cw-sq-v-6-a 1996 3.48 1.14 4.97 2.28 M-FH-cw-sq-v-6-a 1997 3.54 1.12 5.09 2.24 Average 3.55 1.09 5.05 2.21
Typical text:
The joy and satisfaction moments from your life are
- very rare
- rare
- neither frequent nor rare
- frequent
- very frequent
Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 5) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD M-TH-g-sq-v-5-c 1993 2.78 0.75 Average 2.78 0.75