Findings on happiness in Schulz et al. (1985): study AT 1984

Author(s)Schulz, W.; Költringer, R.; Norden, G.; Tüchler, H.
TitleLebensqualität in Österreich. (Quality of Life in Austria).
SourceReport Institut für Soziologie der Sozial- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Wien, 1985, Vienna, Austria
Public16+ aged, general public, Austria, 1984
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability multi-stage random
Respondents N =1776
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Highly structured
General remarksOriginal research report in the German language. Partly published in: Schulz, W., Norden, G., KÖltringer,R.-Subjektive Lebensqualität in Osterreich. Sozialwissenschaftliche Rundschau, no. 2, 1988, vol.28, p.162-173.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 3 questions: A When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are....? 5 very happy 4 fairly happy 3 rather happy than unhappy 2 rather unhappy than happy 1 very unhappy - DK/NA B When you consider your present life as-a-whole, would you say you are.....? 5 very satisfied 4 fairly satisfied 3 rather satisfied than dissatisfied 2 rather dissatisfied than satisfied 1 fairly dissatisfied - DK/NA C How do you feel right now? Is your well-being.....? 5 very high 4 high 3 moderate 2 rather low 1 very low - DK/NA Summation: The summed scores were divided in three strata: low, medium and high quality of life
Author's labelOverall quality-of-life
Error estimatesReliability: Equivalence: Cronbachs Alpha=.79 Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.70

Scores in12345

Full textSelfreport on 4 questions: A For the past five years, how much have you accomplished of what you planned in your life? 1 completely failed 2 3 4 5 6 7 completely accomplished B How much are you satisfied with your life as a whole these days? 1 completely dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 completely satisfied C How much do you enjoy your life these days? 3 a great deal 2 a fair amount 1 not very much D How happy have you been for the past five years? 1 completely unhappy 2 3 4 5 6 7 completely happy Summation: % positive answers Response options A, D and C not reported in full detail
Author's labelGlück (Happiness)
Page in publication44
Error estimatesReliability: Equivalence: Cronbachs Alpha=.68 Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 0On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.80

Full textSelfreport on single question: When you consider your life-as-a-whole now, would you say you are …? 5 very happy 4 fairly happy 3 rather happy 2 rather unhappy 1 fairly unhappy
Author's labelGlück (Happiness)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Scores in12345

Full textSelfreport on single question: Taking your life as a whole, are you .......? 5 very satisfied 4 quite satisfied 3 more satisfied than discontented 2 more discontented than satisfied 1 quite dissatisfied
Author's labelZufriedenheit (satisfaction)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation0.851.46

Scores in12345

Full textSelfreport on single question: How well do you feel these days? Is your current well-being....? 0 very low 1 2 3 4 very high
Author's labelWohlbefinden (Psychological well-being)
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 4On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Scores in01234

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Accesibility of leisure time activitiesL12ab04afLeisure facilities in vinicity
Achievement orientedupbringingF01ae04aDemanding
Active membership of a clubS07ab02Attendance to meetings
Affectionate upbringingF01adFamily climate (earlier for adults, current for young)
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Alcohol consumptionS13ab01Use of alcohol
Availability of a carP12ab02eaCar
Body weightB03ac01cWeight
Combined effects of partner related correlates_AM04abCurrent characteristics of spouse
Combined effects of partner related correlates_BM04abCurrent characteristics of spouse
Communication with familyF03ab02Contacts with relatives
Community sizeL13ab02Community size
Contacts with relativesF03ab02Contacts with relatives
Cooperation with colleaguesW05ad02cSatisfaction with colleagues
Domain satisfactions_AL04ad02Satisfaction with multiple domains of life
Domain satisfactions_BL04ad02Satisfaction with multiple domains of life
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Education oriented upbringingF01ae04aDemanding
Frequency of church attendanceR12ad02Participation in church
Frequency of contactwith partnerM03ab05Shared activities
Frequency of sexS03ab01Sexual activity
General intellectual and cultural developmentS02ab07Self-perceived preferences
Happy parentsF01af01gHappiness of parents
Having a partner and childC03abCurrent parental status
Having a partner and childM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states), also classified as above ↑
Healthy eating habitsN15ac01Concern about nutrition
Hours workE02ad02Hours work
IllnessH14ab02cNumber of health complaints
IncomeI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Informal work relationsW04ab11aInteraction at work
Intensity of watching t.v.L03ac02lTv watching, radio listening
Judgment on family lifeF03ac02Satisfaction with family-life
Leisure time activityL03ac01Leisure activity level
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Marital loyaltyM03ab03bConjugal fidelity
Married vs divorcedM02aa03Married vs divorced
Married vs never marriedM02aa01Married vs never married
Married vs no partnerM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Married vs widowedM02aa02Married vs widowed
Material satisfactionI01af05eSatisfaction with standard of living
Never married vs divorcedM02ab01bVs divorced
Never married vs widowedM02ab01aVs widowed
Partner related factorsM04abCurrent characteristics of spouse
Personal characteristicsS15ab40Socio-demographic + life style + personality
Personal view on 'relation and sexuality'S03ac03Satisfaction with sex-life
Personal weight controlH12ab02Health inspection
Physical fittness activitiesS12ab01aActive involvement in sports
Postmaterial attitudeV02ab01c(post)-materialism
Professional statusO01ac01aSocial prestige of occupation
Professional status of the husbandS09ab01'Objective' socio-economic status
Professional status of the husbandM04ab03eSocial status of spouse, also classified as above ↑
Psychosomatic healthproblemsH15abCurrent psycho-somatic complaints
SatisfacionL04ag01Life-stress inventories
Satisfaction with leisure timeL03ad03Satisfaction with leisure
Satisfaction with partnerM03ac03Satisfaction with marriage
Satisfaction with physical healthH14af04Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with selfrealizationS02ae01dSatisfaction with self-realization
Satisfaction with social involvementS08ac02Satisfaction with social participation
Satisfaction with work (-negative-)W05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Satisfaction with work (-positive-)W05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Self perceived locus-of-controlP05bpInner locus of control
Self perceived political orientationP09ad01Preference for: left vs right wing
Selfcontrol in work situationW04ab15Self-direction at work
Smoking habitsS13ab08Use of tobacco
Social contactsS06abCurrent contacts
Social-psychologicalfactorsL04ad02Satisfaction with multiple domains of life
Sociodemographic variablesS15ab01Socio-demographic factors only
Stability orientation of locus-of-controlP05bpInner locus of control
Suffering from jealousyP05buJealous
Time for leisureL03ad03aSatisfaction with time for leisure
Variety of workW04ab21Variety of work
WidowedM02ab02aVs divorced
Work conditions (physical)W04ab18Strain at work (physical)