Findings on happiness in Benesch et al. (2007): study ZZ World samples 1995 /1

Publication
Author(s)Benesch, C.; Frey, B.S.; Stutzer, A.
TitleTV Channels, Self Control and Happiness.
SourcePaper International Conference "Policies for Happiness", 2007, Siena, Italy
URLHTTP://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl/hap_bib/freetexts/benesch_c_2007.pdf
Investigation
Public15+ aged, general public, 45 nations, 1995-2003
 Two data set combined: a.21 European countries in 2002/2003 from ESS, aged 15 and over b.24 countries in the years 1995-1997 from WVS, aged 18 and over c.8 countries are common to both countries, but they are treated as different entities as they are gathered in different years
Last assesment2003
Survey nameEU Combined surveys: ESS+WVS
 European Social Survey (ESS) wave 1 and World Values Survey (WVS), wave 3
SampleProbability multistage stratified area sample
 ESS sampling:http://www.europeansocialsurvey.org/methodology/sampling.html WVS sampling:http://www.thearda.com/Archive/Files/Descriptions/WVSAGG.asp
Respondents N =72012
 Each country: between 1000 and 3000 individuals
Non Response3.3%
  People Originally surveyed:74,458 1780 did not anwer the question about the amount of TV consumption 666 did not respond to the question about their life satisfaction.
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Phone interview for remote areas
General remarksa. Data from ESS are in 2002/2003 b. Data from WVS are in the years of 1995 and 1997
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days? 1 dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 satisfied
ClassificationO-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a
Author's labellife satisfaction
Page in publication9
RemarksThe question used in the ESS was rated on range 0-10. Scores were transformed to range 1-10 by combining the ratings 0 and 1
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 10On range 0 - 10
Mean6.656.28
Standard deviation2.442.71


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Average TV viewing time in country (minutes)X01UNCLASSIFIED
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
EmploymentE02abCurrent employment status
European Social SurveyX01UNCLASSIFIED
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
IncomeI01abCurrent income level (unspecified)
Marital statusM01MARRIAGE: MARITAL STATUS CAREER
Not born/born in coutry of residenceM07aaMigration career
Number of TV channels in countryN02ab03cNumber of TV channels
Real GNIN04abCurrent economic condition of the nation
TV viewingL03ac02lTv watching, radio listening