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Correlational findings

Study Benesch et al. (2007): study ZZ World samples 1995 /1

Public:
15+ aged, general public, 45 nations, 1995-2003
Survey name:
EU Combined surveys: ESS+WVS
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 72012
Non Response:
3.3%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Phone interview for remote areas

Correlate

Authors's label
Employment
Our Classification
Operationalization
1    Paid work, employed people (reference)
0a Paid work, self-employed
0b Unemployed
0c Retired
0d In education
0e Housework, looking after children
0f  Doing other work
0g No formal or not empleted primary education

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.24 p < .01 Paid work,self-employed O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.70 p < .01 Unemployed O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.04 ns Retired O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.27 p < .01 In education O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.23 p < .01 Housework, looking after children O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.41 p < .01 Doing other work

B's controlled for:
- TV viewing
  - residual TV viewing time
  - interaction with number of TV channels in the country
- individual characteristics
  - income
  - age, age,squared
  - gender
  - residence
  - education
  - marital status
- national characteristics
  - number of channels
  - average TV viewing time in country (in minutes)
  - gross national income (GNI, real and squared)
- survey