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Correlational findings

Study Benesch et al. (2007): study ZZ World samples 1995 /1

Public:
15+ aged, general public, 45 nations, 1995-2003
Survey name:
EU-Combined surveys: ESS+WVS
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 72012
Non Response:
3.3%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Phone interview for remote areas

Correlate

Authors's label
Number of TV channels in country
Our Classification
Remarks
Data on number of channles is at the country level, published by IP Germany in the form of the numbers of channels available to 70% of households. For ESS, data is in the year of 2002 (2003 for switzerland) For WVS, data is in the year of 1999 (2000 for Japan, South Africa, Sweden,India and Venezuela).
Distribution
M=10.58,SD=13.51
Operationalization

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.11 ns B (-0.108) controlled for:
- TV viewing
  - residual TV viewing time
  - interaction with number of TV channels in the country
- individual characteristics
  - income
  - age, age,squared
  - gender
  - residence
  - employmnet
  - education
  - marital status
- national characteristics
  - average TV viewing time in country (in minutes)
  - gross national income (GNI, real and squared)
- survey