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Correlational findings

Study Benesch et al. (2007): study ZZ World samples 1995 /1

Public:
15+ aged, general public, 45 nations, 1995-2003
Survey name:
EU Combined surveys: ESS+WVS
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 72012
Non Response:
3.3%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Phone interview for remote areas

Correlate

Authors's label
Education
Our Classification
Operationalization
1   People who completed basic or primary education(reference)
0a No formal or not completed primary education
0b Upper or post secondary, non tertiary education
0c Tertiary education

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.19 ns No formal or not completed primary education O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = -.02 ns Upper or post secondary, non tertiary education O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a b = +.26 p < .01 Tertiary education

B's controlled for:
- TV viewing
  - residual TV viewing time
  - interaction with number of TV channels in the country
- individual characteristics
  - income
  - age, age,squared
  - gender
  - residence
  - employmnet
  - marital status
- national characteristics
  - number of channels
  - average TV viewing time in country (in minutes)
  - gross national income (GNI, real and squared)
- survey