- 15+ aged, general public, 45 nations, 1995-2003
- Survey name:
- EU Combined surveys: ESS+WVS
- N = 72012
- Non Response:
Phone interview for remote areas
- Authors's label
- TV viewing
- Our Classification
- Self report on single question:
A. In the ESS, the question is" on an average weekday, how much time do you spend watching television? "
Rated on 8 step scale, ranging from" no time at all" to "more than 3 hours".
B. In the WVS, "How much time do you usually spend watching television on an average weekday?"
Answers fall into 4 categories from "do not watch television or do not have access to TV" to "more than 3 hours per day".
For each category, mid-point value is calculated and for more than 3 hours, the value is 3.5.
Decile value of residual TV viewing time, which influences the TV consumption, aside from the individual factors, is used.
Observed Relation with Happiness
- individual characteristics
- age, age,squared
- marital status
- interaction with number of TV channels in the country
B -0.019 INDICATES THAT THE HIGHER A PERSON'S RESIDUAL TV CONSUMPTION IS, THE SMALLER THE MARGINAL EFFECT OF AN ADDITIONAL CHANNEL ON HIS OR HER LIFE SATISFACTION
- national characteristics
- number of channels
- average TV viewing time in country (in minutes)
- gross national income (GNI, real and squared)
More negative in countries where the number of TV channels is greater (B interaction -.019(01)