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Happiness Measures

Characteristics

Code:
O-SLL-u-sq-v-4-b
Focus:
Overall: Satisfaction with Life one Leads (O-SLL)
Time frame:
time unspecified (u)
Mode:
1 question (sq)
Scale Type:
verbal scale (v)
Scale Range:
4

Description

Self report on single  question:

On the whole how satisfied are you with the life you lead?
4  very satisfied
3  fairly satisfied
2  not very satisfied
1  not at all satisfied
-  Don't know

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Mean
Standard Deviation
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2002 /1 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2002 N = 22500
Eurobarometer (1996): study ZZ EU 9 1996 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1996 N = 0
Blanchflower & Oswald (2017): study ZZ Europe 2016 15+ aged, general public, Europe, 36 nations, 2016 N = 32857
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2009 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2009 N = 22500
Eurobarometer (1996): study BE Brabant Wallon (Waals Brabant) 1996 15+ aged general public, Brabant Wallon (Waals Brabant) region, Belgium, 1996 N = 124
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2008 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2008 N = 22500
Eurobarometer (2002b): study ZZ EU 9 2002 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 2002 N = 0
Eurobarometer (2002a): study ZZ EU 9 2002 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 2002 N = 0
Eurobarometer (2002): study ZZ EU 9 2001 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 2001 N = 0
Eurobarometer (2001): study ZZ EU 9 2001 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 2001 N = 0
Eurobarometer (2000b): study ZZ EU 9 2000 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 2000 N = 0
Eurobarometer (2000a): study ZZ EU 9 2000 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 2000 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1999): study ZZ EU 9 1999 15+ aged, general public,EU 9, 1999 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1998): study ZZ EU 9 1998 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1998 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1997): study ZZ EU 9 1997 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1997 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1995): study ZZ EU 9 1995 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1995 N = 0
Blanchflower (2007): study ZZ EU 20 1973 15+ aged, general public, EU 20, Multiple nations, 1973 N = 680000
Eurobarometer (1991b): study ZZ EU 9 1994 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1994 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1991b): study ZZ EU 9 1994 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1994 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1991b): study ZZ EU 9 1993 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1993 N = 0
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2002 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2002 N = 22500
Eurobarometer (1991b): study ZZ EU 9 1993 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1993 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1991a): study ZZ EU 9 1992 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1992 N = 0
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2012 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2012 N = 22500
Eurobarometer (1991a): study ZZ EU 9 1991 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1991 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1991a): study ZZ EU 9 1991 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1991 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1991): study ZZ EU 9 1990 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1990 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1991): study ZZ EU 9 1990 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1990 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1991): study ZZ EU 9 1989 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1989 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1991): study ZZ EU 9 1989 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1989 N = 0
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2010 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2010 N = 22500
Blanchflower (2007): study ZZ OECD member states 1973 15+ aged, general public, OECD member states, 1973 N = 743397
Eurobarometer (1991): study ZZ EU 9 1988 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1988 N = 0
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2015 /2 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2015 N = 22500
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2013 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2013 N = 22500
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2014 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2014 N = 22500
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2001 /1 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2001 N = 22500
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2001 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2001 N = 22500
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2016 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2016 N = 22500
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2000 /1 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2000 N = 22500
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2000 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2000 N = 22500
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 1999 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 1999 N = 22500
Dolan et al. (2014): study ZZ Europe 2004 15+ aged general public, 25 European nations, 2004 N = 25000
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2017 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2017 N = 22500
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2019 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2019 N = 22500
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 1999 /1 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 1999 N = 22500
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2015 /1 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2015 N = 22500
Eurobarometer (2022): study ZZ EU 27 2022 15+ aged, 27 EU nations, 2021 N = 27000
Blanchflower (2004): study ZZ Europe 1975 /1 18+aged, general public, 17 European countries, 1975-1998 N = 480000
Eurobarometer (2022): study BG 2022 15+ aged, Bulgaria, 2022 N = 1000
Eurobarometer (2022): study IE 2022 15+ aged, Ireland, 2022 N = 1000
Radcliff (2005): study ZZ 1975 15+ aged, general public, EU 10, 10 nations, 1975 N = 10000
Campbell & Porquet (2014): study ZZ EU 27 2010 18+ aged, general public, 27 EU nations, 2010 N = 26723
Luechinger (2010): study ZZ Europe 1979 14+ aged, general public EU nations 1979-1994 N = 223982
Veenhoven & Hagerty (2006): study ZZ Europe 1973 15+ aged, general public, 8 EU member states, 1973 - 2004 N = 150000
Stevenson & Wolfers (2008): study ZZ Europe 1973 18+ aged general public, Europe, 1973-2007 N = 1210000
Sacks et al. (2010): study ZZ Europe 1973 18+ aged general public, 31 countries, 1973-2008 N = 150000
Eurobarometer (2004a): study ZZ EU 9 2004 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 2004 N = 0
Blanchflower et al. (2013a): study ZZ EU28 1975 +18 aged, general public, 31European countries, 1975-2013 N = 3100
Baltatescu (2010): study ZZ Eastern Europe 2001 15+ aged general public, Eastern European countries 2001-2008 N = 80000
Baltatescu (2006c): study ZZ Eastern Europe 2001 15+ aged general public, Eastern European countries 2001-2005 N = 11000
Eurobarometer (2003a): study ZZ EU 9 2003 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 2003 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1991): study ZZ EU 9 1988 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1988 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1991a): study ZZ EU 9 1992 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1992 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1991): study ZZ EU 9 1987 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1987 N = 0
Pacek & Radcliff (2008): study ZZ Western Europe 1975 15+ aged, general public, 11 West European nations, 1975-2002 N = 400000
Eurobarometer (2022): study SI 2022 15+ aged, Slovenia, 2022 N = 1000
GESIS (2007): study DE Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 1990 18+ aged, general public, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany, 1990-2002 N = 3240
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2007 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2007 N = 22500
Eurobarometer (1991): study ZZ EU 9 1987 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1987 N = 0
Hessami (2010): study ZZ Western Europe 1990 18+ aged, general public, 12 European nations, 1990-2000 N = 153268
Börsch-Supan & Jürgens (2006): study XZ Germany West 1984 /2 25+ aged, general public, West-Germany, 1984-2002 N = 1000
Frey et al. (2009): study ZZ Various nation sets 1975 15+ aged, general public, regions, United Kingdom and Ireland, 1975-2002 N = 62320
Frey et al. (2009): study FR 1973 15+ aged, general public, regions, France, 1973-2002 N = 38062
Veenhoven & VanSchoonhoven (1991): study ZZ EU 11 1975 18+ aged, general public, EU 11 member states, 1975-1986 N = 200000
Ouweneel (1987): study ZZ EU 9 1975 Adults, general public, EU 9 member states, 1975-1986 N = 9000
Veenhoven (2005d): study ZZ EU 14 1970 15+ aged, general public, EU 14 member states, 1973-2001 N = 374000
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1975 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1975 N = 8153
Veenhoven (2005a): study ZZ 1990 Adults, general public, 55 nations, 1990s N = 75000
Luechinger et al. (2008): study ZZ EU 13 1989 Employees, public and private sector, 13 European nations, 1989-1994 N = 50262
Veenhoven (2002a): study ZZ EU 12 1973 Adults, general public, EU 12 member states, 1973-1996 N = 15000
Eurobarometer (1975a): study ZZ EU 9 1975 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1975 N = 9605
Michel et al. (2019): study ZZ EU 27 1980 15+ aged, 27 nations, Europe, 1980-2011 N = 900000
Okulicz-Kozaryn (2011a): study ZZ 1996 15+ aged, general public, the U.S. and Western Europe, 1996-2002 N = 11630
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2006 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2006 N = 22500
Okulicz-Kozaryn (2012): study ZZ EU 25 1996 15+ aged, general public, 188 West European provinces, 1996 N = 65178
Okulicz-Kozaryn (2010): study ZZ 1996 15+ aged, general public, 188 West European provinces, 1996 N = 65178
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2003 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2003 N = 22500
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1975 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1975 N = 8610
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2006 /1 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2006 N = 22500
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1976 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1976 N = 7615
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1979 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1979 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1986 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1986 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1986 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1986 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1985 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1985 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1985 15+ aged, general public, EU 9, 1985 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1984 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1984 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1984 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1984 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1983 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1983 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1976 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1976 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1983 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1983 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1982 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1982 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1982 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1982 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1981 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1981 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1980 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1980 N = 0
Bergsma (2022): study ZZ EU 15 2011 15+ aged general public, EU15 nations 2011 N = 22500
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1978 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1978 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1977 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1977 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1977 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1977 N = 0
Eurobarometer (1986): study ZZ EU 9 1978 15+ aged, general public, EU 9 nations, 1978 N = 0
Conen (2005): study ZZ EU 15 2001 15-64 aged working people, 15 European countries, 2001 N = 7054
Mean
= 1.740
SD
= 0.630
Walsh (2012): study ZZ EU 27 2004 /1 18+ aged, general public, 23 European nations, 2004 N = 196000
Mean
= 1.920
SD
= 0.360
Eurobarometer (2006): study BG 2006 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2006 N = 1015
Mean
= 1.990
SD
= 0.772
Eurobarometer (2012): study GR 2012 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2012 N = 1001
Mean
= 2.020
SD
= 0.860
Eurobarometer (2005): study BG 2005 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.020
SD
= 0.804
Eurobarometer (2016b): study GR 2016 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2016 N = 1016
Mean
= 2.049
SD
= 0.897
Eurobarometer (2012a): study GR 2012 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2012 N = 1001
Mean
= 2.050
SD
= 0.841
Eurobarometer (2005a): study BG 2005 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.051
SD
= 0.787
Eurobarometer (2004a): study BG 2004 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2004 N = 1004
Mean
= 2.061
SD
= 0.839
Eurobarometer (2013): study GR 2013 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.080
SD
= 0.868
Eurobarometer (2013): study BG 2013 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2013 N = 1029
Mean
= 2.081
SD
= 0.825
Eurobarometer (2011c): study RO 2010 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2010 N = 1020
Mean
= 2.110
SD
= 0.871
Eurobarometer (2013): study PT 2013 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2013 N = 1004
Mean
= 2.110
SD
= 0.786
Eurobarometer (2012a): study PT 2012 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2012 N = 1015
Mean
= 2.120
SD
= 0.739
Eurobarometer (2012): study PT 2012 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2012 N = 1010
Mean
= 2.130
SD
= 0.783
Eurobarometer (2013a): study BG 2013 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2013 N = 1027
Mean
= 2.131
SD
= 0.849
Eurobarometer (2013a): study GR 2013 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2013 N = 1017
Mean
= 2.150
SD
= 0.910
Eurobarometer (2011b): study GR 2011 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.150
SD
= 0.829
Eurobarometer (2013a): study PT 2013 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.160
SD
= 0.796
Eurobarometer (2007a): study BG 2007 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2007 N = 1039
Mean
= 2.162
SD
= 0.788
Eurobarometer (2006a): study BG 2006 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2006 N = 1035
Mean
= 2.172
SD
= 0.817
Eurobarometer (2012a): study RS 2012 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2012 N = 1034
Mean
= 2.175
SD
= 0.825
Eurobarometer (2012): study RS 2012 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2012 N = 1020
Mean
= 2.175
SD
= 0.787
Eurobarometer (2015a): study GR 2015 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2015 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.180
SD
= 0.910
Eurobarometer (2010a): study BG 2009 12+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2009 N = 1008
Mean
= 2.192
SD
= 0.812
Eurobarometer (2011a): study BG 2011 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.194
SD
= 0.804
Eurobarometer (2011): study BG 2010 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.194
SD
= 0.791
Eurobarometer (2010): study BG 2008 12+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2008 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.196
SD
= 0.795
Eurobarometer (2011c): study BG 2010 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.196
SD
= 0.820
Eurobarometer (2016a): study GR 2016 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2016 N = 1008
Mean
= 2.197
SD
= 0.843
Eurobarometer (2014): study GR 2014 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2014 N = 1017
Mean
= 2.200
SD
= 0.906
Eurobarometer (2014a): study GR 2014 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2014 N = 1009
Mean
= 2.200
SD
= 0.883
Eurobarometer (2017a): study GR 2017 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2017 N = 1010
Mean
= 2.218
SD
= 0.896
Eurobarometer (2011b): study BG 2011 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2011 N = 1003
Mean
= 2.222
SD
= 0.760
Eurobarometer (2008): study BG 2008 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.222
SD
= 0.859
Eurobarometer (2012): study BG 2012 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2012 N = 1016
Mean
= 2.224
SD
= 0.815
Eurobarometer (2015): study GR 2015 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2015 N = 999
Mean
= 2.230
SD
= 0.847
Eurobarometer (2011a): study RO 2011 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2011 N = 1023
Mean
= 2.230
SD
= 0.823
Eurobarometer (2007a): study BG 2007 /1 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2007 N = 977
Mean
= 2.237
SD
= 0.784
Eurobarometer (2013): study RS 2013 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2013 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.237
SD
= 0.822
Eurobarometer (2011c): study GR 2010 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.240
SD
= 0.838
Eurobarometer (2020): study PT 2020 15+ Aged General Public, Portugal, 2020 N = 1056
Mean
= 2.240
SD
= 0.568
Eurobarometer (2012a): study BG 2012 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2012 N = 1020
Mean
= 2.242
SD
= 0.818
Eurobarometer (2017): study GR 2017 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2017 N = 1008
Mean
= 2.250
SD
= 0.853
Eurobarometer (2014): study BG 2014 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2014 N = 1074
Mean
= 2.250
SD
= 0.829
Eurobarometer (2009): study BG 2009 12+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2009 N = 1023
Mean
= 2.255
SD
= 0.787
Eurobarometer (2011b): study PT 2011 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2011 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.273
SD
= 0.789
Eurobarometer (2010a): study HU 2009 12+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2009 N = 1023
Mean
= 2.280
SD
= 0.826
Eurobarometer (2012): study HU 2012 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2012 N = 1010
Mean
= 2.290
SD
= 0.816
Bjornskov (2014): study ZZ EU 27 1975 15+ aged, 29 EU nations, 2007-2010 N = 150000
Mean
= 2.300
SD
= 0.330
Eurobarometer (2009): study HU 2009 12+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2009 N = 1004
Mean
= 2.300
SD
= 0.854
Eurobarometer (2013a): study RS 2013 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2013 N = 1034
Mean
= 2.306
SD
= 0.850
Eurobarometer (2011a): study GR 2011 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.310
SD
= 0.868
Eurobarometer (2011c): study PT 2010 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2010 N = 1025
Mean
= 2.310
SD
= 0.744
Eurobarometer (2013): study RO 2013 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2013 N = 1083
Mean
= 2.320
SD
= 0.859
Eurobarometer (2009): study GR 2009 12+ aged, general public, Greece, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.320
SD
= 0.733
Eurobarometer (2014a): study BG 2014 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2014 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.323
SD
= 0.789
Eurobarometer (2015a): study BG 2015 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2015 N = 1035
Mean
= 2.323
SD
= 0.802
Eurobarometer (2012a): study RO 2012 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2012 N = 1014
Mean
= 2.323
SD
= 0.814
Eurobarometer (2010): study HU 2008 12+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2008 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.330
SD
= 0.801
Eurobarometer (2011): study RO 2010 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2010 N = 1001
Mean
= 2.330
SD
= 0.849
Eurobarometer (2015): study BG 2015 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2015 N = 1063
Mean
= 2.330
SD
= 0.861
Eurobarometer (2016b): study BG 2016 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2016 N = 1024
Mean
= 2.331
SD
= 0.839
Eurobarometer (2013): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2013 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, De facto nation, 2013 N = 500
Mean
= 2.333
SD
= 0.778
Eurobarometer (2006): study RO 2006 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2006 N = 1007
Mean
= 2.333
SD
= 0.765
Eurobarometer (2011): study PT 2010 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2010 N = 1018
Mean
= 2.340
SD
= 0.777
Eurobarometer (2011a): study PT 2011 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2011 N = 1048
Mean
= 2.350
SD
= 0.753
Eurobarometer (2018a): study GR 2018 General public, 15+ aged, Greece, 2018 N = 1004
Mean
= 2.350
SD
= 0.841
Eurobarometer (2005): study RO 2005 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.350
SD
= 0.792
Eurobarometer (2010a): study RO 2009 12+ aged, general public, Romania, 2009 N = 1021
Mean
= 2.354
SD
= 0.820
Eurobarometer (2013a): study ME 2013 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2013 N = 499
Mean
= 2.354
SD
= 0.902
Eurobarometer (2010): study PT 2008 12+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2008 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.360
SD
= 0.742
Eurobarometer (2012a): study HU 2012 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2012 N = 1028
Mean
= 2.360
SD
= 0.819
Eurobarometer (2011): study GR 2010 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.360
SD
= 0.855
Eurobarometer (2016a): study RS 2016 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2016 N = 1025
Mean
= 2.362
SD
= 0.788
Eurobarometer (2008): study HU 2008 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.364
SD
= 0.834
Eurobarometer (2012a): study ME 2012 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2012 N = 1017
Mean
= 2.365
SD
= 0.891
Eurobarometer (2015a): study RS 2015 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2015 N = 1010
Mean
= 2.367
SD
= 0.825
Eurobarometer (2014a): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2014 15+ aged, general public, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus, Cyprus, 2014 N = 500
Mean
= 2.370
SD
= 0.868
Eurobarometer (2018): study GR 2018 15+ aged, general public, Greece 2018 N = 1020
Mean
= 2.370
SD
= 0.833
Eurobarometer (2020): study AL 2020 15+ Aged General Public, Albania, 2020 N = 1043
Mean
= 2.370
SD
= 0.688
Eurobarometer (2013): study HU 2013 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2013 N = 1027
Mean
= 2.370
SD
= 0.796
Eurobarometer (2011b): study HU 2011 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2011 N = 1021
Mean
= 2.374
SD
= 0.848
Eurobarometer (2009): study RO 2009 12+ aged, general public, Romania, 2009 N = 1012
Mean
= 2.374
SD
= 0.799
Eurobarometer (2017a): study RS 2017 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2017 N = 1007
Mean
= 2.379
SD
= 0.788
Eurobarometer (2005a): study RO 2005 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.380
SD
= 0.810
Eurobarometer (2019): study GR 2019 General public, 15+ aged, Greece, 2019 N = 1012
Mean
= 2.380
SD
= 0.822
Eurobarometer (2015): study RS 2015 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2015 N = 1015
Mean
= 2.384
SD
= 0.849
Eurobarometer (2012): study ME 2012 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2012 N = 1015
Mean
= 2.389
SD
= 0.837
Eurobarometer (2014): study PT 2014 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2014 N = 1075
Mean
= 2.390
SD
= 0.760
Eurobarometer (2017a): study BG 2017 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2017 N = 1032
Mean
= 2.392
SD
= 0.832
Eurobarometer (2018a): study BG 2018 General public, 15+ aged, Bulgaria, 2018 N = 1026
Mean
= 2.392
SD
= 0.819
Eurobarometer (2012): study RO 2012 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2012 N = 1073
Mean
= 2.394
SD
= 0.814
Eurobarometer (2016b): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2016 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2016 N = 500
Mean
= 2.398
SD
= 0.818
Eurobarometer (2006a): study RO 2006 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2006 N = 1047
Mean
= 2.400
SD
= 0.787
Eurobarometer (1991b): study GR 1993 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1993 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.400
SD
= 0.860
Eurobarometer (2020): study BG 2020 15+ Aged General Public, Bulgaria, 2020 N = 1057
Mean
= 2.400
SD
= 0.837
Eurobarometer (2013a): study RO 2013 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2013 N = 1069
Mean
= 2.400
SD
= 0.849
Eurobarometer (2011c): study HU 2010 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2010 N = 1021
Mean
= 2.400
SD
= 0.800
Eurobarometer (2004a): study RO 2004 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2004 N = 1012
Mean
= 2.404
SD
= 0.777
Eurobarometer (2009): study PT 2009 12+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2009 N = 1010
Mean
= 2.404
SD
= 0.737
Eurobarometer (2016b): study RS 2016 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2016 N = 1015
Mean
= 2.406
SD
= 0.824
Eurobarometer (2007a): study RO 2007 /1 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.414
SD
= 0.779
Eurobarometer (2016a): study BG 2016 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2016 N = 1012
Mean
= 2.416
SD
= 0.835
Eurobarometer (2018): study BG 2018 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2018 N = 1048
Mean
= 2.417
SD
= 0.825
Eurobarometer (2010): study RO 2008 12+ aged, general public, Romania, 2008 N = 1053
Mean
= 2.418
SD
= 0.755
Eurobarometer (2006a): study HU 2006 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2006 N = 1005
Mean
= 2.420
SD
= 0.802
Eurobarometer (2011): study HU 2010 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2010 N = 1031
Mean
= 2.420
SD
= 0.777
Eurobarometer (2011a): study HU 2011 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2011 N = 1019
Mean
= 2.420
SD
= 0.815
Eurobarometer (2013a): study HU 2013 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.420
SD
= 0.764
Eurobarometer (2007a): study HU 2007 /1 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.424
SD
= 0.780
Eurobarometer (2011b): study RO 2011 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2011 N = 1011
Mean
= 2.424
SD
= 0.780
Eurobarometer (2013a): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2013 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, De facto nation, 2013 N = 500
Mean
= 2.430
SD
= 0.875
Eurobarometer (2012): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2012 15+ aged, general public, North Cyprus, 2012 N = 500
Mean
= 2.430
SD
= 0.791
Eurobarometer (2019): study BG 2019 General public, 15+ aged, Bulgaria, 2019 N = 1031
Mean
= 2.433
SD
= 0.811
Eurobarometer (2016a): study AL 2016 15+ aged, general public, Albania, 2016 N = 1036
Mean
= 2.434
SD
= 0.848
Eurobarometer (2018): study RS 2018 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2018 N = 1019
Mean
= 2.434
SD
= 0.768
Eurobarometer (2014a): study RS 2014 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2014 N = 1017
Mean
= 2.434
SD
= 0.843
Eurobarometer (2009): study LV 2009 12+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2009 N = 1008
Mean
= 2.440
SD
= 0.852
Eurobarometer (1986): study PT 1985 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1985 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.440
SD
= 0.781
Eurobarometer (2014a): study PT 2014 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2014 N = 1005
Mean
= 2.440
SD
= 0.753
Eurobarometer (2007a): study HU 2007 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2007 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.440
SD
= 0.840
Eurobarometer (1991b): study GR 1994 /1 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1994 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.440
SD
= 0.779
Eurobarometer (2019a): study GR 2019 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2019 N = 1008
Mean
= 2.440
SD
= 0.828
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Auvergne 1996 15+ aged general public, Auvergne region, France, 1996 N = 151
Mean
= 2.441
SD
= 0.785
Eurobarometer (1995): study GR 1995 16+ aged, general public, Greece, 1995 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.441
SD
= 0.822
Eurobarometer (2013): study ME 2013 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2013 N = 1015
Mean
= 2.443
SD
= 0.885
Eurobarometer (2012a): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2012 15+ aged, general public, North Cyprus, 2012 N = 500
Mean
= 2.444
SD
= 0.913
Eurobarometer (2004a): study HU 2004 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2004 N = 1014
Mean
= 2.444
SD
= 0.807
Eurobarometer (2010a): study PT 2009 12+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2009 N = 1025
Mean
= 2.450
SD
= 0.726
Eurobarometer (2015): study MK 2015 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2015 N = 1055
Mean
= 2.450
SD
= 0.931
Eurobarometer (2011c): study LT 2010 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2010 N = 1019
Mean
= 2.450
SD
= 0.865
Eurobarometer (2017): study BG 2017 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2017 N = 1051
Mean
= 2.454
SD
= 0.850
Eurobarometer (2008): study PT 2008 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2008 N = 1001
Mean
= 2.460
SD
= 0.727
Eurobarometer (2014): study RS 2014 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2014 N = 1074
Mean
= 2.460
SD
= 0.888
Eurobarometer (2011a): study MK 2011 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2011 N = 1056
Mean
= 2.465
SD
= 0.957
Eurobarometer (2010a): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2009 12+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2009 N = 500
Mean
= 2.465
SD
= 0.902
Eurobarometer (2017): study RS 2017 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2017 N = 1011
Mean
= 2.469
SD
= 0.785
Eurobarometer (2007a): study RO 2007 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2007 N = 1019
Mean
= 2.470
SD
= 0.754
Eurobarometer (2013a): study IT 2013 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.470
SD
= 0.768
Eurobarometer (2015a): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2015 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, , 2015 N = 500
Mean
= 2.470
SD
= 0.877
Eurobarometer (2006): study PT 2006 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2006 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.470
SD
= 0.754
Eurobarometer (2004b): study IT 1976 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1976 N = 923
Mean
= 2.473
SD
= 0.814
Eurobarometer (2014): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2014 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, De facto nation, 2014 N = 500
Mean
= 2.475
SD
= 0.796
Eurobarometer (1991b): study GR 1993 /1 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1993 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.480
SD
= 0.818
Eurobarometer (2017): study RO 2017 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2017 N = 1062
Mean
= 2.480
SD
= 0.806
Eurobarometer (1991): study GR 1987 /1 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1987 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.480
SD
= 0.964
Eurobarometer (2018a): study RS 2018 General public, 15+ aged, Serbia, 2018 N = 1019
Mean
= 2.485
SD
= 0.783
Eurobarometer (2010): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2008 12+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2008 N = 500
Mean
= 2.485
SD
= 0.914
Eurobarometer (2019a): study BG 2019 15+ aged, general public, , Bulgaria, 2019 N = 1039
Mean
= 2.490
SD
= 0.759
Eurobarometer (2019): study RS 2019 General public, 15+ aged, Serbia, 2019 N = 998
Mean
= 2.490
SD
= 0.786
Eurobarometer (2014): study RO 2014 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2014 N = 1022
Mean
= 2.490
SD
= 0.781
Eurobarometer (2008): study RO 2008 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2008 N = 1019
Mean
= 2.490
SD
= 0.755
Eurobarometer (2007a): study PT 2007 /1 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.490
SD
= 0.728
Eurobarometer (1991a): study GR 1991 /1 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1991 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.490
SD
= 0.783
Eurobarometer (1998): study GR 1998 16+ aged, general public, Greece, 1998 N = 1013
Mean
= 2.500
SD
= 0.794
Eurobarometer (2011c): study MK 2010 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2010 N = 1048
Mean
= 2.500
SD
= 0.954
Eurobarometer (2015a): study PT 2015 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2015 N = 1011
Mean
= 2.500
SD
= 0.656
Eurobarometer (2010): study GR 2008 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.500
SD
= 0.742
Eurobarometer (2021): study GR 2021 15+ Aged General Public, Greece, 2021 N = 1058
Mean
= 2.500
SD
= 0.755
Eurobarometer (2006): study HU 2006 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2006 N = 1020
Mean
= 2.505
SD
= 0.779
Eurobarometer (2003a): study PT 2003 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2003 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.505
SD
= 0.730
Eurobarometer (2016a): study MK 2016 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2016 N = 1058
Mean
= 2.509
SD
= 0.863
Eurobarometer (1996): study GR Kriti (Crete) 1996 15+ aged, general public, Kriti (Crete) region, Greece, 1996 N = 172
Mean
= 2.509
SD
= 0.889
Eurobarometer (2011): study MK 2010 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2010 N = 1056
Mean
= 2.510
SD
= 0.943
Eurobarometer (2005a): study PT 2005 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.510
SD
= 0.759
Eurobarometer (2009): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2009 12+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2009 N = 500
Mean
= 2.515
SD
= 0.857
Eurobarometer (1991b): study GR 1994 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1994 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.520
SD
= 0.793
Eurobarometer (2002b): study PT 2002 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2002 N = 1010
Mean
= 2.520
SD
= 0.714
Eurobarometer (2005): study HU 2005 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.520
SD
= 0.830
Eurobarometer (2010a): study LT 2009 12+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2009 N = 1023
Mean
= 2.520
SD
= 0.866
Eurobarometer (1991a): study GR 1991 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1991 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.520
SD
= 0.781
Eurobarometer (2005): study LT 2005 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.520
SD
= 0.811
Eurobarometer (2004a): study LV 2004 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2004 N = 1005
Mean
= 2.520
SD
= 0.732
Eurobarometer (2012a): study IT 2012 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2012 N = 1032
Mean
= 2.525
SD
= 0.757
Eurobarometer (2011a): study ME 2011 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.525
SD
= 0.833
Eurobarometer (2015): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2015 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, , 2015 N = 500
Mean
= 2.525
SD
= 0.783
Eurobarometer (2021): study BG 2021 15+ Aged General Public, Bulgaria, 2021 N = 1032
Mean
= 2.525
SD
= 0.730
Eurobarometer (2015): study PT 2015 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.530
SD
= 0.699
Eurobarometer (2012a): study MK 2012 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2012 N = 1056
Mean
= 2.530
SD
= 0.974
Eurobarometer (2005a): study HU 2005 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.530
SD
= 0.818
Eurobarometer (2014a): study RO 2014 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2014 N = 1018
Mean
= 2.530
SD
= 0.741
Eurobarometer (2022): study GR 2022 15+ aged, Greece, 2022 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.530
SD
= 0.768
Eurobarometer (2011a): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2011 15+ aged, general public, North Cyprus, 2010 N = 500
Mean
= 2.530
SD
= 0.842
Eurobarometer (1991a): study GR 1992 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1992 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.530
SD
= 0.780
Eurobarometer (2004b): study IT 1975 /1 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1975 N = 1110
Mean
= 2.533
SD
= 0.822
GESIS (2007): study GR Sterea Ellada Evia 1990 18+ aged, general public, Sterea Lelada Eviaregion, Greece, 1990-2002 N = 19657
Mean
= 2.535
SD
= 0.823
Eurobarometer (2016a): study ME 2016 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2016 N = 532
Mean
= 2.539
SD
= 0.894
Eurobarometer (2001): study GR 2001 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2001 N = 1005
Mean
= 2.540
SD
= 0.818
Eurobarometer (2022): study AL 2022 15+ aged, Albania, 2022 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.540
SD
= 0.713
Eurobarometer (2015a): study RO 2015 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2015 N = 1013
Mean
= 2.540
SD
= 0.767
Eurobarometer (2010): study MK 2008 12+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2008 N = 1009
Mean
= 2.540
SD
= 0.932
Eurobarometer (2020): study RS 2020 15+ Aged General Public, Serbia, 2020 N = 1073
Mean
= 2.540
SD
= 0.767
Eurobarometer (2010a): study LV 2009 12+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2009 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.540
SD
= 0.818
Eurobarometer (1986): study GR 1985 /1 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1985 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.540
SD
= 0.914
Eurobarometer (2019a): study RS 2019 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2019 N = 1017
Mean
= 2.541
SD
= 0.758
Eurobarometer (2004a): study PT 2004 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2004 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.541
SD
= 0.702
GESIS (2007): study GR Ipeiros (Epirus) 1990 18+ aged, general public, Greece, 1990 N = 2186
Mean
= 2.543
SD
= 0.835
Eurobarometer (2011): study LT 2010 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2010 N = 1005
Mean
= 2.545
SD
= 0.832
Eurobarometer (1996): study GR Peloponnisos kai Dytiki Sterea (Peleponesos) 1996 15+ aged, general public, Peloponnisos kai Dytiki Sterea (Peleponesos) region, Greece, 1996 N = 399
Mean
= 2.548
SD
= 0.720
Eurobarometer (2004b): study IT 1976 /1 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1976 N = 1052
Mean
= 2.549
SD
= 0.827
Eurobarometer (2013): study MK 2013 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2013 N = 1056
Mean
= 2.550
SD
= 0.931
Eurobarometer (2018a): study RO 2018 General public, 15+ aged, Romania, 2018 N = 1042
Mean
= 2.550
SD
= 0.712
Eurobarometer (1991): study IT 1987 /1 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1987 N = 1031
Mean
= 2.550
SD
= 0.823
Eurobarometer (1986): study GR 1981 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1981 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.550
SD
= 1.033
Eurobarometer (2004a): study LT 2004 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2004 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.551
SD
= 0.834
Eurobarometer (2017a): study MK 2017 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2017 N = 1061
Mean
= 2.552
SD
= 0.876
Eurobarometer (2011b): study ME 2011 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2011 N = 1008
Mean
= 2.556
SD
= 0.855
Eurobarometer (2005): study PT 2005 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.556
SD
= 0.742
Eurobarometer (1995): study PT 1995 16+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1995 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.559
SD
= 0.743
Eurobarometer (2019a): study MK 2019 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2019 N = 1058
Mean
= 2.560
SD
= 0.816
Eurobarometer (2012): study IT 2012 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2012 N = 1036
Mean
= 2.560
SD
= 0.779
Eurobarometer (2021): study IT 2021 15+ Aged General Public, Italy, 2021 N = 1023
Mean
= 2.560
SD
= 0.697
Eurobarometer (2011): study LV 2010 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2010 N = 1003
Mean
= 2.560
SD
= 0.779
Eurobarometer (2014a): study AL 2014 15+ aged, general public, Albania, 2014 N = 1064
Mean
= 2.560
SD
= 0.852
Eurobarometer (1986): study PT 1986 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1986 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.560
SD
= 0.768
Eurobarometer (2011a): study LT 2011 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2011 N = 1026
Mean
= 2.560
SD
= 0.852
Eurobarometer (2010a): study GR 2009 12+ aged, general public, Greece, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.560
SD
= 0.779
Eurobarometer (2004b): study IT 1975 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1975 N = 1043
Mean
= 2.560
SD
= 0.779
Eurobarometer (2010a): study TR 2009 12+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2009 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.566
SD
= 0.976
Eurobarometer (2011b): study LT 2011 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2011 N = 1026
Mean
= 2.566
SD
= 0.843
Eurobarometer (2007a): study MK 2007 /1 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2007 N = 1009
Mean
= 2.566
SD
= 0.976
Eurobarometer (1996): study GR Thessalia 1996 15+ aged, general public, Thessalia region, Ipeiros (Epirus)Greece, 1996 N = 227
Mean
= 2.568
SD
= 0.715
Eurobarometer (2002): study GR 2001 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2001 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.570
SD
= 0.816
Eurobarometer (2019): study AL 2019 General public, 15+ aged, Albania, 2019 N = 1005
Mean
= 2.570
SD
= 0.711
Eurobarometer (1991a): study GR 1992 /1 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1992 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.570
SD
= 0.831
Eurobarometer (1986): study IT 1979 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1979 N = 1178
Mean
= 2.570
SD
= 0.803
Eurobarometer (2018): study RO 2018 15+ aged, general public, Romania 2018 N = 1030
Mean
= 2.570
SD
= 0.725
Eurobarometer (2019a): study AL 2019 15+ aged, general public, Albania, 2019 N = 1046
Mean
= 2.570
SD
= 0.604
Eurobarometer (2016a): study RO 2016 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2016 N = 1005
Mean
= 2.574
SD
= 0.787
Eurobarometer (2000a): study GR 2000 16+ aged, general public, Greece, 2000 N = 1004
Mean
= 2.574
SD
= 0.788
Eurobarometer (1998): study PT 1998 16+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1998 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.574
SD
= 0.694
Eurobarometer (2002b): study GR 2002 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2002 N = 1003
Mean
= 2.576
SD
= 0.793
Eurobarometer (1975a): study IT 1975 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1975 N = 1043
Mean
= 2.577
SD
= 0.771
Eurobarometer (2016b): study MK 2016 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2016 N = 1066
Mean
= 2.578
SD
= 0.877
Eurobarometer (1991): study PT 1988 /1 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1988 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.580
SD
= 0.815
Eurobarometer (2013a): study MK 2013 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2013 N = 1048
Mean
= 2.580
SD
= 0.896
Eurobarometer (2012): study MK 2012 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2012 N = 1056
Mean
= 2.580
SD
= 0.940
Eurobarometer (2011a): study LV 2011 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2011 N = 1007
Mean
= 2.580
SD
= 0.777
Eurobarometer (2004b): study IT 1977 /1 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1977 N = 1155
Mean
= 2.584
SD
= 0.796
Eurobarometer (2013): study IT 2013 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2013 N = 1011
Mean
= 2.586
SD
= 0.739
Eurobarometer (2005a): study LT 2005 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.586
SD
= 0.804
Eurobarometer (2006a): study PT 2006 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2006 N = 995
Mean
= 2.586
SD
= 0.725
Eurobarometer (2004a): study SK 2004 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2004 N = 1252
Mean
= 2.586
SD
= 0.739
Eurobarometer (2003a): study DE East Germany 2003 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 2003 N = 1023
Mean
= 2.590
SD
= 0.763
Eurobarometer (2005a): study LV 2005 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.590
SD
= 0.750
Eurobarometer (2007a): study PT 2007 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2007 N = 1011
Mean
= 2.590
SD
= 0.736
Eurobarometer (2019): study RO 2019 General public, 15+ aged, Romania, 2019 N = 1025
Mean
= 2.590
SD
= 0.763
Eurobarometer (2010a): study MK 2009 12+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2009 N = 1005
Mean
= 2.590
SD
= 0.907
Eurobarometer (2008): study MK 2008 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2008 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.590
SD
= 0.884
Eurobarometer (2011): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2010 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2010 N = 500
Mean
= 2.590
SD
= 0.801
Eurobarometer (2015): study RO 2015 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2015 N = 1007
Mean
= 2.590
SD
= 0.776
GESIS (2007): study GR Peloponnisos kai Dytiki Sterea (Peleponesos) 1990 18+ aged, general public, Peloponnisos kai Dytiki Sterea (Peleponesos) region, Greece, 1990-2002 N = 7060
Mean
= 2.595
SD
= 0.841
GESIS (2007): study GR Kriti (Crete) 1990 18+ aged, general public, Kriti (Crete) region, Greece, 1990-2002 N = 2674
Mean
= 2.596
SD
= 0.831
Eurobarometer (2000a): study PT 2000 16+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2000 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.596
SD
= 0.665
Eurobarometer (2021a): study BG 2021 15+ Aged General Public, Bulgaria, 2021 N = 1032
Mean
= 2.598
SD
= 0.741
Eurobarometer (2004b): study IT 1977 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1977 N = 1025
Mean
= 2.599
SD
= 0.781
Eurobarometer (2008): study IT 2008 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2008 N = 1022
Mean
= 2.600
SD
= 0.721
Eurobarometer (2015): study IT 2015 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2015 N = 1028
Mean
= 2.600
SD
= 0.735
Eurobarometer (1986): study GR 1982 /1 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1982 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.600
SD
= 0.931
Eurobarometer (1986): study IT 1978 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1978 N = 1030
Mean
= 2.600
SD
= 0.812
Eurobarometer (2018): study MK 2018 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2018 N = 1050
Mean
= 2.600
SD
= 0.849
Eurobarometer (2020): study GR 2020 15+ Aged General Public, Greece, 2020 N = 1016
Mean
= 2.600
SD
= 0.787
Eurobarometer (2011c): study LV 2010 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2010 N = 1003
Mean
= 2.600
SD
= 0.775
Eurobarometer (2014a): study MK 2014 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2014 N = 1057
Mean
= 2.600
SD
= 0.883
Eurobarometer (1996): study GR Anatolii Steea kai Nissia (also Greater Athens) 1996 15+ aged, general public, Anatolii Steea kai Nissia (also Greater Athens) region, Greece, 1996 N = 1332
Mean
= 2.601
SD
= 0.775
Eurobarometer (1991): study PT 1989 /1 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1989 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.603
SD
= 0.731
Eurobarometer (1996): study GR Nisia Anatolikou Aigaiou (Argean Islands) 1996 15+ aged general public, Nisia Anatolikou Aigaiou (Argean Islands) region, Greece, 1996 N = 129
Mean
= 2.604
SD
= 0.582
Eurobarometer (2016b): study HU 2016 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2016 N = 1041
Mean
= 2.606
SD
= 0.762
Eurobarometer (2004b): study IT 1978 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1978 N = 1175
Mean
= 2.606
SD
= 0.817
Eurobarometer (2010): study IT 2008 12+ aged, general public, Italy, 2008 N = 1061
Mean
= 2.606
SD
= 0.708
Eurobarometer (1998): study DE East Germany 1998 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1998 N = 1007
Mean
= 2.610
SD
= 0.720
Eurobarometer (1997): study PT 1997 16+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1997 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.610
SD
= 0.720
Eurobarometer (2009): study LT 2009 12+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2009 N = 1016
Mean
= 2.610
SD
= 0.823
Eurobarometer (2022): study RO 2022 15+ aged, Romania, 2022 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.610
SD
= 0.720
Eurobarometer (1986): study IT 1982 /1 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1982 N = 1025
Mean
= 2.610
SD
= 0.823
Eurobarometer (2007a): study MK 2007 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.610
SD
= 0.904
Eurobarometer (2011): study MK 2011 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2011 N = 1056
Mean
= 2.610
SD
= 0.904
GESIS (2007): study GR Thraki 1990 18+ aged, general public, Thraki region, Greece, 1990-2002 N = 1670
Mean
= 2.611
SD
= 0.840
Eurobarometer (2016a): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2016 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, , 2016 N = 500
Mean
= 2.612
SD
= 0.764
Eurobarometer (2000b): study GR 2000 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2000 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.614
SD
= 0.922
Eurobarometer (2009): study TR 2009 12+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2009 N = 1005
Mean
= 2.616
SD
= 1.022
Eurobarometer (2008): study TR 2008 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2008 N = 1003
Mean
= 2.619
SD
= 0.999
Eurobarometer (2016b): study RO 2016 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2016 N = 1021
Mean
= 2.619
SD
= 0.751
Eurobarometer (1996): study PT Lisboa et Vale do Tejo 1996 15+ aged, general public, Lisboa et Vale do Tejo region, Portugal, 1996 N = 1095
Mean
= 2.619
SD
= 0.713
Eurobarometer (2022): study TR 2022 15+ aged, Turkiye, 2022 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.620
SD
= 0.925
Eurobarometer (2015): study AL 2015 15+ aged, general public, Albania, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.620
SD
= 0.822
Eurobarometer (2006): study LT 2006 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2006 N = 1019
Mean
= 2.620
SD
= 0.772
Eurobarometer (2010): study LV 2008 12+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2008 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.620
SD
= 0.745
Eurobarometer (2014): study HU 2014 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2014 N = 1087
Mean
= 2.620
SD
= 0.797
Eurobarometer (2014a): study HU 2014 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2014 N = 1061
Mean
= 2.620
SD
= 0.797
Eurobarometer (2006): study LV 2006 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2006 N = 1018
Mean
= 2.620
SD
= 0.718
GESIS (2007): study DE Sachsen 1990 18+ aged, general public, Sachsen, Germany, 1990-2002 N = 1774
Mean
= 2.623
SD
= 0.625
Eurobarometer (2017a): study RO 2017 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2017 N = 1011
Mean
= 2.625
SD
= 0.782
Eurobarometer (2011b): study IT 2011 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2011 N = 1031
Mean
= 2.626
SD
= 0.660
Eurobarometer (2000a): study DE East Germany 2000 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 2000 N = 1034
Mean
= 2.626
SD
= 0.705
Eurobarometer (2009): study MK 2009 12+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2009 N = 1008
Mean
= 2.626
SD
= 0.905
Eurobarometer (1996): study GR 1996 16+ aged, general public, Greece, 1996 N = 3205
Mean
= 2.626
SD
= 0.760
Eurobarometer (2016b): study PT 2016 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2016 N = 1013
Mean
= 2.627
SD
= 0.710
GESIS (2007): study PT Lisboa et Vale do Tejo 1990 18+ aged, general public, Lisboa et Vale do Tejo, Portugal, 1990-2002 N = 16799
Mean
= 2.629
SD
= 0.723
Eurobarometer (1991): study PT 1987 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1987 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.630
SD
= 0.690
Eurobarometer (2012a): study TR 2012 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.630
SD
= 0.945
Eurobarometer (1991): study GR 1988 /1 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1988 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.630
SD
= 0.799
Eurobarometer (1991): study FR 1988 /1 15+ aged, general public, France, 1988 N = 1001
Mean
= 2.630
SD
= 0.820
Eurobarometer (2015a): study MK 2015 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2015 N = 1062
Mean
= 2.630
SD
= 0.856
Eurobarometer (2015a): study ME 2015 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2015 N = 533
Mean
= 2.630
SD
= 0.956
Eurobarometer (2015): study ME 2015 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2014 N = 530
Mean
= 2.630
SD
= 0.783
Eurobarometer (2005a): study SK 2005 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.630
SD
= 0.783
Eurobarometer (2019a): study RO 2019 15+ aged, general public, , Romania, 2019 N = 1058
Mean
= 2.630
SD
= 0.716
Eurobarometer (1986): study IT 1983 /1 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1983 N = 1033
Mean
= 2.630
SD
= 0.770
Eurobarometer (1986): study GR 1983 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1983 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.630
SD
= 0.956
GESIS (2007): study GR Macedonia(Kentriki Makedonia kai Dykti Makedonia) 1990 18+ aged, general public, Macedonia(Kentriki Makedonia kai Dykti Makedonia) region, Greece, 1990-2002 N = 8641
Mean
= 2.633
SD
= 0.831
Eurobarometer (1997): study DE East Germany 1997 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1997 N = 1031
Mean
= 2.636
SD
= 0.679
Eurobarometer (2010): study LT 2008 12+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2008 N = 1011
Mean
= 2.636
SD
= 0.784
Eurobarometer (2005): study LV 2005 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.636
SD
= 0.717
GESIS (2007): study GR Thessalia 1990 18+ aged, general public, Thessalia region, Greece, 1990-2002 N = 3566
Mean
= 2.637
SD
= 0.826
Eurobarometer (2017a): study IT 2017 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2017 N = 1025
Mean
= 2.640
SD
= 0.684
Eurobarometer (2011b): study TR 2011 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2011 N = 1001
Mean
= 2.640
SD
= 0.975
Eurobarometer (2017): study AL 2017 15+ aged, general public, Albania, 2017 N = 1050
Mean
= 2.640
SD
= 0.742
Eurobarometer (1991b): study PT 1993 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1993 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.640
SD
= 0.728
Eurobarometer (1986): study IT 1984 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1984 N = 1060
Mean
= 2.640
SD
= 0.794
Eurobarometer (1991a): study DE East Germany 1991 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1991 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.640
SD
= 0.688
Eurobarometer (1986): study IT 1985 /1 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1985 N = 1047
Mean
= 2.640
SD
= 0.781
Eurobarometer (2002a): study GR 2002 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2002 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.640
SD
= 0.794
Eurobarometer (2019): study MK 2019 General public, 15+ aged, Macedonia, 2019 N = 1017
Mean
= 2.640
SD
= 0.831
Eurobarometer (1991): study GR 1990 /1 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1990 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.640
SD
= 0.904
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Limousin 1996 15+ aged general public, Limousin region, France, 1996 N = 85
Mean
= 2.646
SD
= 0.734
Eurobarometer (1991b): study PT 1994 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1994 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.650
SD
= 0.686
Eurobarometer (1986): study IT 1980 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1980 N = 1116
Mean
= 2.650
SD
= 0.779
Eurobarometer (1991b): study PT 1993 /1 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1993 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.650
SD
= 0.686
Eurobarometer (2011b): study LV 2011 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2011 N = 1009
Mean
= 2.650
SD
= 0.779
Eurobarometer (2005): study SK 2005 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.650
SD
= 0.740
Eurobarometer (2014): study IT 2014 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2014 N = 1036
Mean
= 2.650
SD
= 0.726
Eurobarometer (2008): study LV 2008 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2008 N = 1008
Mean
= 2.650
SD
= 0.740
Eurobarometer (1991): study PT 1988 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1988 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.650
SD
= 0.743
Eurobarometer (2002a): study PT 2002 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2002 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.650
SD
= 0.698
Eurobarometer (2015): study TR 2015 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2015 N = 1010
Mean
= 2.650
SD
= 0.805
Eurobarometer (2007a): study LV 2007 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2007 N = 1013
Mean
= 2.650
SD
= 0.712
Eurobarometer (2016a): study IT 2016 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2016 N = 1021
Mean
= 2.654
SD
= 0.701
GESIS (2007): study PT Algarve (Faro) 1990 18+ aged, general public, Algarve (Faro), Portugal, 1990-2002 N = 1649
Mean
= 2.655
SD
= 0.696
Eurobarometer (2007a): study LT 2007 /1 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2007 N = 1016
Mean
= 2.657
SD
= 0.741
Eurobarometer (1999): study PT 1999 16+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1999 N = 1001
Mean
= 2.657
SD
= 0.654
Eurobarometer (2018): study IT 2018 15+ aged, general public, Italy 2018 N = 1023
Mean
= 2.657
SD
= 0.669
Eurobarometer (2008): study LT 2008 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2008 N = 1021
Mean
= 2.657
SD
= 0.806
Eurobarometer (1996): study DE Berlin 1996 15+ aged general public, Berlin region, Germany, 1996 N = 527
Mean
= 2.657
SD
= 0.719
Eurobarometer (2016b): study ME 2016 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2016 N = 521
Mean
= 2.658
SD
= 0.878
Eurobarometer (2022): study MK 2022 15+ aged, North Macedonia, 2022 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.660
SD
= 0.790
Eurobarometer (2012): study LT 2012 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2012 N = 1019
Mean
= 2.660
SD
= 0.839
Eurobarometer (1986): study GR 1984 /1 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1984 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.660
SD
= 0.874
Eurobarometer (1999): study GR 1999 16+ aged, general public, Greece, 1999 N = 1010
Mean
= 2.660
SD
= 0.751
Eurobarometer (2014): study ME 2014 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2014 N = 551
Mean
= 2.660
SD
= 0.863
Eurobarometer (2014a): study TR 2014 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2014 N = 1087
Mean
= 2.660
SD
= 0.908
Eurobarometer (2014a): study IT 2014 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2014 N = 1016
Mean
= 2.660
SD
= 0.724
Eurobarometer (2018a): study AL 2018 General public, 15+ aged, Albania, 2018 N = 1049
Mean
= 2.660
SD
= 0.636
Eurobarometer (2017a): study AL 2017 15+ aged, general public, Albania, 2017 N = 1083
Mean
= 2.662
SD
= 0.825
Eurobarometer (2016b): study IT 2016 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2016 N = 1016
Mean
= 2.664
SD
= 0.705
Eurobarometer (1996): study GR Anatoliki makedonia (East Macedonia) 1996 15+ aged, general public, Anatoliki makedonia (East Macedonia) region, Greece, 1996 N = 133
Mean
= 2.665
SD
= 0.759
Eurobarometer (2015a): study AL 2015 15+ aged, general public, Albania, 2015 N = 1014
Mean
= 2.667
SD
= 0.752
Eurobarometer (2000b): study PT 2000 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2000 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.667
SD
= 0.682
Eurobarometer (1996): study PT 1996 16+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1996 N = 3201
Mean
= 2.667
SD
= 0.682
Eurobarometer (2016a): study PT 2016 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2016 N = 1014
Mean
= 2.667
SD
= 0.626
Eurobarometer (2015): study HU 2015 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2015 N = 1055
Mean
= 2.670
SD
= 0.762
Eurobarometer (1991): study PT 1986 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1986 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.670
SD
= 0.682
Eurobarometer (2018a): study MK 2018 General public, 15+ aged, Macedonia, 2018 N = 1026
Mean
= 2.670
SD
= 0.788
Eurobarometer (2002): study PT 2001 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2001 N = 1001
Mean
= 2.670
SD
= 0.679
Eurobarometer (2011): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2011 15+ aged, general public, North Cyprus, 2011 N = 500
Mean
= 2.670
SD
= 0.825
Eurobarometer (2013a): study LT 2013 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2013 N = 1030
Mean
= 2.670
SD
= 0.801
Eurobarometer (2005): study GR 2005 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.670
SD
= 0.788
Eurobarometer (2017a): study ME 2017 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2017 N = 519
Mean
= 2.670
SD
= 0.851
Eurobarometer (1996): study PT PT Norte 1996 15+ aged, general public, North region, Portugal, 1996 N = 1101
Mean
= 2.676
SD
= 0.615
Eurobarometer (2018a): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2018 General public, 15+ aged, Cyprus-Turkish, 2018 N = 500
Mean
= 2.677
SD
= 0.962
Eurobarometer (2012a): study LT 2012 15+ aged, general public, Lithunia, 2012 N = 1019
Mean
= 2.677
SD
= 0.802
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Champagne-Ardenne 1996 15+ aged general public, Champagne-Ardenne region, France, 1996 N = 148
Mean
= 2.677
SD
= 0.775
Eurobarometer (2004b): study IT 1973 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1973 N = 1909
Mean
= 2.677
SD
= 0.730
GESIS (2007): study PT Alentejo 1990 18+ aged, general public, Alentejo, Portugal, 1990-2002 N = 2666
Mean
= 2.678
SD
= 0.697
Eurobarometer (2011a): study TR 2011 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.680
SD
= 1.067
Eurobarometer (2021a): study RO 2021 15+ Aged General Public,Romania, 2021 N = 1048
Mean
= 2.680
SD
= 0.733
Eurobarometer (2021a): study GR 2021 /1 15+ Aged General Public, Greece, 2021 N = 1015
Mean
= 2.680
SD
= 0.760
Eurobarometer (2022): study RS 2022 15+ aged, Serbia, 2022 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.680
SD
= 0.798
Eurobarometer (2011c): study TR 2010 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.680
SD
= 1.038
Eurobarometer (2015a): study IT 2015 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2015 N = 1015
Mean
= 2.680
SD
= 0.691
Eurobarometer (2015a): study HU 2015 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2015 N = 1043
Mean
= 2.680
SD
= 0.747
Eurobarometer (1991): study GR 1989 /1 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1989 N = 2000
Mean
= 2.680
SD
= 0.910
Eurobarometer (1991): study GR 1988 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1988 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.680
SD
= 0.958
Eurobarometer (2017a): study HU 2017 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2017 N = 1081
Mean
= 2.682
SD
= 0.787
Eurobarometer (2006a): study LV 2006 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2006 N = 1015
Mean
= 2.683
SD
= 0.744
Eurobarometer (2001): study PT 2001 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2001 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.683
SD
= 0.703
Eurobarometer (2016b): study AL 2016 15+ aged, general public, Albania, 2015 N = 1041
Mean
= 2.684
SD
= 0.715
Eurobarometer (2016a): study HU 2016 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.686
SD
= 0.700
Eurobarometer (2007a): study LT 2007 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2007 N = 1018
Mean
= 2.687
SD
= 0.747
Eurobarometer (2017): study IT 2017 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2017 N = 1034
Mean
= 2.687
SD
= 0.676
Eurobarometer (2003a): study GR 2003 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2003 N = 1001
Mean
= 2.687
SD
= 0.800
GESIS (2007): study PT PT Centro 1990 18+ aged, general public, PT Centro, Portugal, 1990-2002 N = 8732
Mean
= 2.689
SD
= 0.647
Eurobarometer (1986): study IT 1983 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1983 N = 1031
Mean
= 2.690
SD
= 0.784
Eurobarometer (1991): study GR 1990 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1990 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.690
SD
= 0.945
Eurobarometer (2007a): study LV 2007 /1 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2007 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.690
SD
= 0.731
Eurobarometer (2007a): study GR 2007 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.690
SD
= 0.758
Eurobarometer (1991): study PT 1989 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1989 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.690
SD
= 0.643
Eurobarometer (2005a): study GR 2005 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.690
SD
= 0.833
Eurobarometer (2014): study MK 2014 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2014 N = 1033
Mean
= 2.690
SD
= 0.857
Eurobarometer (2012a): study LV 2012 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2012 N = 1011
Mean
= 2.690
SD
= 0.744
Eurobarometer (2020): study RO 2020 15+ Aged General Public, Romenia, 2020 N = 1112
Mean
= 2.690
SD
= 0.731
Eurobarometer (2002b): study DE East Germany 2002 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 2002 N = 1016
Mean
= 2.690
SD
= 0.659
Eurobarometer (1996): study PT Algarve (Faro) 1996 15+ aged, general public, Algarve (Faro) region, Portugal, 1996 N = 112
Mean
= 2.694
SD
= 0.645
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Lorraine 1996 15+ aged, general public, Lorraine region, France, 1996 N = 253
Mean
= 2.694
SD
= 0.776
Eurobarometer (2005): study EE 2005 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.697
SD
= 0.674
Eurobarometer (2006): study SK 2006 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2006 N = 1078
Mean
= 2.697
SD
= 0.717
Eurobarometer (1986): study GR 1984 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1984 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.700
SD
= 0.933
Eurobarometer (1991): study PT 1990 /1 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1990 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.700
SD
= 0.673
Eurobarometer (2018): study AL 2018 15+ aged, general public, Albania,2018 N = 1048
Mean
= 2.700
SD
= 0.671
Eurobarometer (2006): study GR 2006 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.700
SD
= 0.768
Eurobarometer (1986): study FR 1979 15+ aged, general public, France, 1979 N = 1152
Mean
= 2.700
SD
= 0.771
Eurobarometer (2008): study GR 2008 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.700
SD
= 0.742
Eurobarometer (2020): study MK 2020 15+ Aged General Public, Macedonia, 2020 N = 1052
Mean
= 2.700
SD
= 0.831
Eurobarometer (1986): study GR 1983 /1 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1983 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.700
SD
= 0.904
Eurobarometer (1986): study GR 1982 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1982 N = 1199
Mean
= 2.700
SD
= 0.915
Eurobarometer (2000a): study IT 2000 16+ aged, general public, Italy, 2000 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.700
SD
= 0.714
Eurobarometer (2013a): study TR 2013 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2013 N = 1001
Mean
= 2.700
SD
= 0.933
Eurobarometer (2011b): study EE 2011 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2011 N = 1003
Mean
= 2.700
SD
= 0.686
Eurobarometer (2012): study LV 2012 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2012 N = 1007
Mean
= 2.700
SD
= 0.700
Eurobarometer (2013a): study SK 2013 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.700
SD
= 0.794
Eurobarometer (1996): study GR Ipeiros (Epirus) 1996 15+ aged general public, Ipeiros (Epirus) region, Greece, 1996 N = 141
Mean
= 2.703
SD
= 0.736
Eurobarometer (1996): study PT Alentejo 1996 15+ aged, general public, Alentejo region, Portugal, 1996 N = 170
Mean
= 2.704
SD
= 0.731
GESIS (2007): study GR Anatoliki makedonia (East Macedonia) 1990 18+ aged, general public, Anatoliki makedonia (East Macedonia) region, Greece, 1990-2002 N = 2047
Mean
= 2.704
SD
= 0.762
Eurobarometer (1986): study FR 1977 15+ aged, general public, France, 1977 N = 1264
Mean
= 2.705
SD
= 0.781
GESIS (2007): study PT Madeira 1990 18+ aged, general public, Madeira, Portugal, 1990-2002 N = 1206
Mean
= 2.705
SD
= 0.621
GESIS (2007): study DE Neu-Brandenburg Vorpommern 1990 18+ aged, general public, Neu-Brandenburg Vorpommern, Germany, 1990-2002 N = 730
Mean
= 2.705
SD
= 0.637
Eurobarometer (2013): study LT 2013 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2013 N = 1029
Mean
= 2.707
SD
= 0.820
Eurobarometer (1996): study GR Macedonia(Kentriki Makedonia kai Dykti Makedonia) 1996 Adults, age range not reported, general public, Macedonia(Kentriki Makedonia kai Dykti Makedonia) region, Greece, 1996 N = 560
Mean
= 2.707
SD
= 0.760
Eurobarometer (1991b): study PT 1994 /1 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1994 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.710
SD
= 0.683
Eurobarometer (2007a): study GR 2007 /1 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.710
SD
= 0.739
Eurobarometer (2017): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2017 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2017 N = 500
Mean
= 2.710
SD
= 0.983
Eurobarometer (1986): study FR 1985 /1 15+ aged, general public, France, 1985 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.710
SD
= 0.756
Eurobarometer (1986): study IT 1981 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1981 N = 1183
Mean
= 2.710
SD
= 0.804
Eurobarometer (2005): study HR 2005 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.710
SD
= 0.840
Eurobarometer (2018a): study IT 2018 General public, 15+ aged, Italy, 2018 N = 1021
Mean
= 2.710
SD
= 0.668
GESIS (2007): study DE Erfurt Thüringen 1990 18+ aged, general public, Erfurt Thüringen, Germany, 1990-2002 N = 1650
Mean
= 2.710
SD
= 0.659
Eurobarometer (1997): study GR 1997 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1997 N = 1010
Mean
= 2.711
SD
= 0.772
Eurobarometer (2015a): study TR 2015 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2015 N = 1033
Mean
= 2.714
SD
= 0.958
Eurobarometer (1996): study PT PT Centro 1996 15+ aged, general public, Central region, Portugal, 1996 N = 563
Mean
= 2.714
SD
= 0.680
GESIS (2007): study DE Suhl Thüringen 1990 18+ aged, general public, Suhl Thüringen region, Germany, 1990 N = 686
Mean
= 2.715
SD
= 0.712
Eurobarometer (2010a): study IT 2009 12+ aged, general public, Italy, 2009 N = 1036
Mean
= 2.717
SD
= 0.697
Eurobarometer (2016b): study LT 2016 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2016 N = 1009
Mean
= 2.718
SD
= 0.784
Eurobarometer (2022): study ME 2022 15+ aged, Montenegro, 2022 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.720
SD
= 0.736
Eurobarometer (2019a): study IT 2019 15+ aged, general public, , Italy, 2019 N = 1023
Mean
= 2.720
SD
= 0.679
Eurobarometer (2013a): study LV 2013 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2013 N = 1007
Mean
= 2.720
SD
= 0.694
Eurobarometer (1986): study FR 1980 15+ aged, general public, France, 1980 N = 993
Mean
= 2.720
SD
= 0.749
Eurobarometer (1991): study FR 1987 /1 15+ aged, general public, France, 1987 N = 998
Mean
= 2.720
SD
= 0.766
Eurobarometer (2009): study IT 2009 12+ aged, general public, Italy, 2009 N = 1036
Mean
= 2.720
SD
= 0.722
Eurobarometer (2014): study HR 2014 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2014 N = 1003
Mean
= 2.720
SD
= 0.838
Eurobarometer (1991): study PT 1990 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1990 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.720
SD
= 0.736
Eurobarometer (1991a): study PT 1991 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1991 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.720
SD
= 0.694
Eurobarometer (2020): study ME 2020 15+ Aged General Public, Montenegro, 2020 N = 541
Mean
= 2.720
SD
= 0.801
Eurobarometer (2013): study ES 2013 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2013 N = 1011
Mean
= 2.720
SD
= 0.838
Eurobarometer (2019): study ME 2019 General public, 15+ aged, Montenegro, 2019 N = 532
Mean
= 2.720
SD
= 0.906
Eurobarometer (2021): study LV 2021 15+ Aged General Public, Latvia, 2021 N = 1037
Mean
= 2.720
SD
= 0.649
Eurobarometer (2010a): study HR 2009 12+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.722
SD
= 0.822
GESIS (2007): study GR Aegean Islands 1990 18+ aged, general public, Aegean Islands region, Greece, 1990-2002 N = 1750
Mean
= 2.726
SD
= 0.757
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Haute-Normandie 1996 15+ aged general public, Haute-Normandie region, France, 1996 N = 189
Mean
= 2.727
SD
= 0.799
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Basse-Normandie 1996 15+ aged, general public, Basse-Normandie region, France, 1996 N = 154
Mean
= 2.727
SD
= 0.717
Eurobarometer (2004b): study FR 1976 /1 15+ aged, general public, France, 1976 N = 1010
Mean
= 2.727
SD
= 0.739
Eurobarometer (2016b): study TR 2016 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2016 N = 1026
Mean
= 2.727
SD
= 0.869
GESIS (2007): study DE Dessau 1990 18+ aged, general public, Dessau, Germany, 1990-2002 N = 985
Mean
= 2.727
SD
= 0.689
GESIS (2007): study FR Picardie 1990 18+ aged, general public, Picardie region, France, 1990-2002 N = 1392
Mean
= 2.727
SD
= 0.760
Eurobarometer (2010): study TR 2008 12+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2008 N = 1003
Mean
= 2.729
SD
= 0.941
Eurobarometer (2011c): study IT 2010 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2010 N = 1028
Mean
= 2.730
SD
= 0.676
Eurobarometer (2014a): study ME 2014 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2014 N = 536
Mean
= 2.730
SD
= 0.847
Eurobarometer (2013): study HR 2013 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.730
SD
= 0.798
Eurobarometer (2004a): study GR 2004 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2004 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.730
SD
= 0.786
Eurobarometer (2013): study LV 2013 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2013 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.730
SD
= 0.773
Eurobarometer (2022): study IT 2022 15+ aged, Italy, 2022 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.730
SD
= 0.646
Eurobarometer (2018a): study PT 2018 General public, 15+ aged, Portugal, 2018 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.730
SD
= 0.563
Eurobarometer (2013): study SK 2013 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2013 N = 0
Mean
= 2.730
SD
= 0.733
Eurobarometer (2020): study TR 2020 15+ Aged General Public, Turkey, 2020 N = 1015
Mean
= 2.730
SD
= 0.870
Eurobarometer (1991a): study PT 1992 /1 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1992 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.730
SD
= 0.646
Eurobarometer (1991): study PT 1989 /2 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1989 N = 2000
Mean
= 2.730
SD
= 0.664
Eurobarometer (2008): study SK 2008 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2008 N = 1085
Mean
= 2.730
SD
= 0.719
Eurobarometer (2017): study MK 2017 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2017 N = 1040
Mean
= 2.730
SD
= 0.835
Eurobarometer (1996): study DE Magdeburg Sachsen Anhalt 1996 15+ aged general public, Magdeburg Sachsen Anhalt region, Germany, 1996 N = 270
Mean
= 2.731
SD
= 0.688
Eurobarometer (1997): study DE 1997 15+ aged, general public, Germany, 1997 N = 2069
Mean
= 2.732
SD
= 0.699
Eurobarometer (2017): study HR 2017 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2017 N = 1094
Mean
= 2.737
SD
= 0.773
Eurobarometer (2006): study EE 2006 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2006 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.737
SD
= 0.660
Eurobarometer (2020): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2020 15+ Aged General Public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2020 N = 500
Mean
= 2.737
SD
= 0.970
Eurobarometer (1996): study IT Sardegna 1996 15+ aged, general public, Sardegna region, Italy, 1996 N = 168
Mean
= 2.738
SD
= 0.733
Eurobarometer (1996): study PT Acores 1996 15+ aged, general public, Acores region, Portugal, 1996 N = 77
Mean
= 2.739
SD
= 0.760
Eurobarometer (2021): study HU 2021 15+ Aged General Public, Hungary, 2021 N = 1054
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.658
Eurobarometer (1991): study IT 1986 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1986 N = 1097
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.773
Eurobarometer (2021): study PT 2021 15+ Aged General Public, Portugal, 2021 N = 1100
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.626
Eurobarometer (2012a): study SK 2012 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.730
Eurobarometer (2019a): study PT 2019 15+ aged, general public, , Portugal, 2019 N = 1003
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.610
Eurobarometer (1986): study IT 1985 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1985 N = 1127
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.824
Eurobarometer (2021): study RO 2021 15+ Aged General Public, Romania, 2021 N = 1033
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.716
Eurobarometer (2014a): study HR 2014 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2014 N = 1027
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.844
Eurobarometer (2012): study SK 2012 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.783
Eurobarometer (2004a): study EE 2004 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2004 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.658
Eurobarometer (2005a): study EE 2005 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.673
Eurobarometer (1991): study ES 1988 /1 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 1988 N = 1013
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.825
Eurobarometer (1991b): study DE East Germany 1993 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1993 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.690
Eurobarometer (2020): study IT 2020 15+ Aged General Public, Italy, 2020 N = 1027
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.702
Eurobarometer (2008): study DE East Germany 2008 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.740
SD
= 0.757
Eurobarometer (2004b): study FR 1978 15+ aged, general public, France, 1978 N = 1105
Mean
= 2.741
SD
= 0.785
GESIS (2007): study IT Sicilia 1990 18+ aged, general public, Sicilia region, Italy, 1990-2002 N = 4039
Mean
= 2.741
SD
= 0.753
GESIS (2007): study IT Calabria 1990 18+ aged, general public, Calabria region, Italy, 1990-2002 N = 1647
Mean
= 2.746
SD
= 0.770
GESIS (2007): study FR FR Sud Est, South-East 1990 18+ aged, general public, FR Sud Est, South-East region, France, 1990-2002 N = 213
Mean
= 2.746
SD
= 0.823
GESIS (2007): study DE Brandenburg 1990 18+ aged, general public, Brandenburg, Germany, 1990-2002 N = 4626
Mean
= 2.747
SD
= 0.760
Eurobarometer (2017): study LV 2017 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2017 N = 1018
Mean
= 2.747
SD
= 0.701
Eurobarometer (2019): study IT 2019 General public, 15+ aged, Italy, 2019 N = 1026
Mean
= 2.747
SD
= 0.625
Eurobarometer (2011c): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2010 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2010 N = 500
Mean
= 2.747
SD
= 0.845
Eurobarometer (2012a): study HR 2012 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.747
SD
= 0.783
Eurobarometer (2011): study TR 2010 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.747
SD
= 1.038
GESIS (2007): study DE Cottbus Brandenburg 1990 18+ aged, general public, Cottbus Brandenburg region, Germany, 1990-2002 N = 917
Mean
= 2.748
SD
= 0.653
Eurobarometer (1996): study DE Mecklenburg-Vorpommern 1996 15+ aged, general public, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern region, Germany, 1996 N = 402
Mean
= 2.749
SD
= 0.744
GESIS (2007): study DE Frankfurt-Oder 1990 18+ aged, general public, Frankfurt-Oder region, Germany, 1990 N = 925
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.667
Eurobarometer (2017a): study PT 2017 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2017 N = 1089
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.596
Eurobarometer (2006a): study DE East Germany 2006 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.753
Eurobarometer (2012): study EE 2012 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.712
Eurobarometer (2012): study EE 2013 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2013 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.684
Eurobarometer (2019): study PT 2019 General public, 15+ aged, Portugal, 2019 N = 1008
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.555
Eurobarometer (1996): study DE Dessau 1996 15+ aged general public, Dessau region, Germany, 1996 N = 130
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.726
Eurobarometer (2010a): study EE 2009 12+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2009 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.654
Eurobarometer (1991a): study PT 1991 /1 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1991 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.641
Eurobarometer (2012a): study EE 2012 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2012 N = 1003
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.698
Eurobarometer (2011a): study EE 2011 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.684
Eurobarometer (1991a): study FR 1992 15+ aged, general public, France, 1992 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.783
Eurobarometer (1991b): study FR 1993 15+ aged, general public, France, 1993 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.805
Eurobarometer (2017): study HU 2017 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2017 N = 1039
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.726
Eurobarometer (1986): study IT 1984 /1 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1984 N = 1097
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.757
Eurobarometer (1991b): study FR 1993 /1 15+ aged, general public, France, 1993 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.753
Eurobarometer (2010): study DE East Germany 2008 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 2008 N = 0
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.684
Eurobarometer (1986): study GR 1985 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1985 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.887
Eurobarometer (2013): study TR 2013 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2013 N = 1001
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.963
Eurobarometer (1991b): study DE East Germany 1994 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1994 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.750
SD
= 0.684
GESIS (2007): study DE Schwerin Vorpommern 1990 18+ aged, general public, Schwerin Vorpommern, Germany, 1990-2002 N = 582
Mean
= 2.751
SD
= 0.639
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Bourgogne 1996 15+ aged general public, Bourgogne region, France, 1996 N = 182
Mean
= 2.753
SD
= 0.758
Eurobarometer (1996): study BE Hainaut (Henegouwen) 1996 15+ aged general population, Hainaut (Henegouwen) general public, Belgium, 1996 N = 407
Mean
= 2.755
SD
= 0.856
Eurobarometer (1997): study FR 1997 15+ aged, general public, France, 1997 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.756
SD
= 0.776
Eurobarometer (2012): study HR 2012 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.758
SD
= 0.818
Eurobarometer (2005a): study PL 2005 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.758
SD
= 0.753
Eurobarometer (2011b): study HR 2011 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.758
SD
= 0.818
GESIS (2007): study IT Sardegna 1990 18+ aged, general public, Sardegna region, Italy, 1990-2002 N = 1303
Mean
= 2.758
SD
= 0.685
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Nord Pas de Calais 1996 15+ aged, general public, Nord Pas de Calais region, France, 1996 N = 424
Mean
= 2.759
SD
= 0.801
Eurobarometer (1996): study IT Puglia 1996 15+ aged, general public, Puglie region, Italy, 1996 N = 409
Mean
= 2.759
SD
= 0.718
Eurobarometer (1996): study ES Andalucia 1996 15+ aged, general public, Andalucia, Spain, 1996 N = 1090
Mean
= 2.759
SD
= 0.818
GESIS (2007): study IT Campania 1990 18+ aged, general public, Campania region, Italy, 1990 N = 4250
Mean
= 2.759
SD
= 0.766
Eurobarometer (1996): study DE Arnsberg 1996 15+ aged general public, Arnsberg region, Germany, 1996 N = 373
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.787
Eurobarometer (1996): study DE Halle Sachsen Anhalt 1996 15+ aged general public, Halle Sachsen Anhalt region, Germany, 1996 N = 223
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.700
Eurobarometer (2018): study HR 2018 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2018 N = 1056
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.736
Eurobarometer (1991): study GR 1986 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1986 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.918
Eurobarometer (1991): study GR 1987 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1987 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.918
Eurobarometer (1991): study GR 1989 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1989 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.965
Eurobarometer (1986): study FR 1981 15+ aged, general public, France, 1981 N = 1004
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.753
Eurobarometer (2011a): study HR 2011 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.826
Eurobarometer (1986): study FR 1978 15+ aged, general public, France, 1978 N = 1194
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.726
Eurobarometer (2011b): study ES 2011 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2011 N = 1004
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.723
GESIS (2007): study DE Rostock Vorpommern 1990 18+ aged, general public, Rostock Vorpommern, Germany, 1990-2002 N = 1178
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.691
Eurobarometer (2009): study EE 2009 12+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2009 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.665
Eurobarometer (2002a): study DE East Germany 2002 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 2002 N = 1051
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.709
Eurobarometer (2001): study DE East Germany 2001 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 2001 N = 1051
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.723
Eurobarometer (1986): study IT 1986 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1986 N = 1103
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.736
Eurobarometer (2011): study IT 2010 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2010 N = 1019
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.723
Eurobarometer (2014a): study SK 2014 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2014 N = 1037
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.736
Eurobarometer (2012a): study ES 2012 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2012 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.801
Eurobarometer (2007a): study DE East Germany 2007 /1 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.763
Eurobarometer (1991b): study ES 1994 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 1994 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.780
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Centre 1996 15+ aged general public, Centre region, France, 1996 N = 268
Mean
= 2.760
SD
= 0.780
Eurobarometer (2009): study HR 2009 12+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.763
SD
= 0.809
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Rhone-Alpes 1996 15+ aged, general public, Rhone-Alpes region, France, 1996 N = 602
Mean
= 2.764
SD
= 0.776
Eurobarometer (1996): study IT Sicilia 1996 15+ aged, general public, Sicilia region, Italy, 1996 N = 523
Mean
= 2.764
SD
= 0.731
GESIS (2007): study DE Magdeburg Sachsen Anhalt 1990 18+ aged, general public, Magdeburg Sachsen Anhalt, Germany, 1990-2002 N = 3884
Mean
= 2.767
SD
= 0.711
Eurobarometer (2019a): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2019 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkey, 2019 N = 500
Mean
= 2.768
SD
= 1.109
Eurobarometer (2018): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2018 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2018 N = 0
Mean
= 2.768
SD
= 0.941
Eurobarometer (2011): study EE 2010 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.661
Eurobarometer (2021): study SK 2021 15+ Aged General Public, Slovakia, 2021 N = 1138
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.705
Eurobarometer (2018a): study TR 2018 General public, 15+ aged, Turkey, 2018 N = 1033
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.937
Eurobarometer (1991a): study PT 1992 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1992 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.646
Eurobarometer (1986): study GR 1986 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1986 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.952
Eurobarometer (2018): study PT 2018 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2018 N = 1087
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.581
Eurobarometer (2013a): study CY 2013 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus, 2013 N = 503
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.882
Eurobarometer (2007a): study SK 2007 /1 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2007 N = 1126
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.733
Eurobarometer (2021): study LT 2021 15+ Aged General Public, Lithuania, 2021 N = 1040
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.705
Eurobarometer (2010): study SK 2008 12+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2008 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.719
Eurobarometer (2014): study LV 2014 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2014 N = 1012
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.719
Eurobarometer (2022): study SK 2022 15+ aged, Slovakia, 2022 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.786
Eurobarometer (2006a): study GR 2006 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.798
Eurobarometer (2018): study HU 2018 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2018 N = 1048
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.676
Eurobarometer (2011c): study EE 2010 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.646
Eurobarometer (2019): study TR 2019 General public, 15+ aged, Turkey, 2019 N = 1008
Mean
= 2.770
SD
= 0.958
GESIS (2007): study FR Limousin 1990 18+ aged, general public, Limousin region, France, 1990-2002 N = 860
Mean
= 2.772
SD
= 0.789
GESIS (2007): study DE Dresden 1990 18+ aged, general public, Dresden region, Germany, 1990-2002 N = 4516
Mean
= 2.774
SD
= 0.683
GESIS (2007): study DE Thueringen 1990 18+ aged, general public, Thueringen region, Germany, 1990 N = 4480
Mean
= 2.774
SD
= 0.664
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Franche-Comte 1996 15+ aged general public, Franche-Comte region, France, 1996 N = 122
Mean
= 2.775
SD
= 0.711
GESIS (2007): study FR Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur 1990 18+ aged, general public, Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur region, France, 1990 N = 3464
Mean
= 2.775
SD
= 0.773
Eurobarometer (1996): study DE East Germany 1996 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1996 N = 3511
Mean
= 2.776
SD
= 0.693
GESIS (2007): study DE Halle Sachsen Anhalt 1990 18+ aged, general public, Halle Sachsen Anhalt, Germany, 1990-2002 N = 3937
Mean
= 2.776
SD
= 0.671
GESIS (2007): study IT Puglia 1990 18+ aged, general public, Puglie region, Italy, 1990 N = 3373
Mean
= 2.777
SD
= 0.732
Eurobarometer (2005): study PL 2005 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.778
SD
= 0.760
Eurobarometer (2007a): study IT 2007 /1 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2007 N = 1045
Mean
= 2.778
SD
= 0.675
Eurobarometer (2011): study SK 2011 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.778
SD
= 0.690
Eurobarometer (2006): study HR 2006 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.778
SD
= 0.786
Eurobarometer (2017a): study LT 2017 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2017 N = 1008
Mean
= 2.778
SD
= 0.776
Eurobarometer (2019): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2019 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2019 N = 500
Mean
= 2.780
SD
= 1.092
Eurobarometer (1991): study FR 1986 15+ aged, general public, France, 1986 N = 994
Mean
= 2.780
SD
= 0.736
Eurobarometer (1986): study FR 1984 15+ aged, general public, France, 1984 N = 1008
Mean
= 2.780
SD
= 0.746
Eurobarometer (2008): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2008 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2008 N = 500
Mean
= 2.780
SD
= 0.890
Eurobarometer (2015a): study SK 2015 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2015 N = 1027
Mean
= 2.780
SD
= 0.715
Eurobarometer (1991a): study DE East Germany 1992 /1 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1992 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.780
SD
= 0.626
Eurobarometer (2015): study LV 2015 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2015 N = 1005
Mean
= 2.780
SD
= 0.729
Eurobarometer (2013): study CY 2013 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus, 2013 N = 505
Mean
= 2.780
SD
= 0.901
Eurobarometer (1991): study IT 1987 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1987 N = 1053
Mean
= 2.780
SD
= 0.769
Eurobarometer (2021a): study IT 2021 15+ Aged General Public, Italy, 2021 N = 1026
Mean
= 2.780
SD
= 0.626
Eurobarometer (1986): study IT 1982 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1982 N = 1301
Mean
= 2.780
SD
= 0.769
Eurobarometer (2013a): study EE 2013 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2013 N = 1004
Mean
= 2.780
SD
= 0.672
Eurobarometer (2006): study DE East Germany 2006 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 2006 N = 626
Mean
= 2.780
SD
= 0.715
GESIS (2007): study DE Leipzig 1990 18+ aged, general public, Leipzig region, Germany, 1990-2002 N = 3207
Mean
= 2.780
SD
= 0.667
Eurobarometer (2000b): study DE East Germany 2000 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 2000 N = 1014
Mean
= 2.782
SD
= 0.669
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Aquitaine 1996 15+ aged general public, Aquitaine region, Aquitaine region, France, 1996 N = 323
Mean
= 2.782
SD
= 0.783
Eurobarometer (2011): study HR 2010 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.784
SD
= 0.828
GESIS (2007): study DE Potsdam Brandenburg 1990 18+ aged, general public, Potsdam Brandenburg region, Germany, 1990-2002 N = 1472
Mean
= 2.784
SD
= 0.676
Eurobarometer (1996): study GR Thraki 1996 15+ aged, general public, Thraki region, Greece, 1996 N = 113
Mean
= 2.784
SD
= 0.701
Eurobarometer (2016a): study HR 2016 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2016 N = 1062
Mean
= 2.786
SD
= 0.800
Eurobarometer (2012a): study CZ 2012 15+ aged, general public, Czech Republic, 2012 N = 1003
Mean
= 2.788
SD
= 0.671
Eurobarometer (2005): study IT 2005 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.788
SD
= 0.656
Eurobarometer (2004a): study HR 2004 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2004 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.788
SD
= 0.782
Eurobarometer (2009): study SK 2009 12+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2009 N = 1065
Mean
= 2.788
SD
= 0.715
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR 1996 16+ aged, general public, France, 1996 N = 6369
Mean
= 2.788
SD
= 0.756
Eurobarometer (1998): study FR 1998 16+ aged, general public, France, 1998 N = 1045
Mean
= 2.788
SD
= 0.769
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Picardie 1996 15+ aged, general public, Picardie region, France, 1996 N = 198
Mean
= 2.789
SD
= 0.749
Eurobarometer (1995): study FR 1995 16+ aged, general public, France, 1995 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.758
Eurobarometer (2007a): study SK 2007 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2007 N = 1106
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.683
Eurobarometer (1991): study PT 1987 /1 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 1987 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.656
Eurobarometer (1991): study IT 1988 /1 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1988 N = 1058
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.804
Eurobarometer (2021a): study PT 2021 15+ Aged General Public, Portugal, 2021 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.516
Eurobarometer (2015): study HR 2015 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2015 N = 1008
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.791
Eurobarometer (1991b): study FR 1994 15+ aged, general public, France, 1994 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.744
Eurobarometer (2010a): study ES 2009 12+ aged, general public, Spain, 2009 N = 1020
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.711
Eurobarometer (2017): study PT 2017 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2017 N = 1076
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.553
Eurobarometer (1991a): study DE East Germany 1992 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1992 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.668
Eurobarometer (2008): study HR 2008 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.778
Eurobarometer (1986): study FR 1983 15+ aged, general public, France, 1983 N = 1011
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.729
Eurobarometer (2017): study LT 2017 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2017 N = 1013
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.739
Eurobarometer (1991a): study DE East Germany 1991 /1 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1991 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.668
Eurobarometer (2019a): study HU 2019 15+ aged, general public, , Hungary, 2019 N = 1011
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.653
Eurobarometer (1986): study FR 1982 /1 15+ aged, general public, France, 1982 N = 939
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.752
GESIS (2007): study IT Basilicata 1990 18+ aged, general public, Basilicata region, Italy, 1990-2002 N = 483
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.668
GESIS (2007): study DE Gera Thüringen 1990 18+ aged, general public, Gera Thüringen, Germany, 1990-2002 N = 972
Mean
= 2.790
SD
= 0.638
Eurobarometer (1996): study IT Campania 1996 15+ aged, general public,Campania region, Italy, 1996 N = 576
Mean
= 2.794
SD
= 0.709
Eurobarometer (1996): study IT Calabria 1996 15+ aged, general public, Calabria region, Italy, 1996 N = 221
Mean
= 2.795
SD
= 0.616
Eurobarometer (2004b): study GR 1989 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1989 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.795
SD
= 0.859
Eurobarometer (1996): study DE Thueringen 1996 15+ aged, general public, Thueringen region, Germany, 1996 N = 564
Mean
= 2.796
SD
= 0.681
Eurobarometer (2006): study PL 2006 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.796
SD
= 0.714
Eurobarometer (2000a): study DE 2000 16+ aged, general public, Germany, 2000 N = 2049
Mean
= 2.796
SD
= 0.685
Eurobarometer (1995): study DE East Germany 1995 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1995 N = 1049
Mean
= 2.797
SD
= 0.691
Eurobarometer (2004b): study FR 1977 15+ aged, general public, France, 1977 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.797
SD
= 0.748
Eurobarometer (2011a): study IT 2011 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2011 N = 1039
Mean
= 2.798
SD
= 0.651
Eurobarometer (2014a): study LT 2014 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2014 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.798
SD
= 0.752
Eurobarometer (2005a): study DE East Germany 2005 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.798
SD
= 0.710
Eurobarometer (2013a): study HR 2013 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.798
SD
= 0.816
Eurobarometer (1997): study IT 1997 16+ aged, general public, Italy, 1997 N = 997
Mean
= 2.798
SD
= 0.724
Eurobarometer (2018a): study ME 2018 General public, 15+ aged, Montenegro, 2018 N = 549
Mean
= 2.798
SD
= 0.765
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Poitou-Charentes 1996 15+ aged, general public, Poitou-Charentes region, France, 1996 N = 183
Mean
= 2.799
SD
= 0.723
Eurobarometer (2016b): study HR 2016 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2016 N = 1030
Mean
= 2.800
SD
= 0.789
Eurobarometer (1991): study IT 1990 /1 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1990 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.800
SD
= 0.748
Eurobarometer (2006a): study SK 2006 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2006 N = 1023
Mean
= 2.800
SD
= 0.721
Eurobarometer (1991b): study ES 1993 /1 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 1993 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.800
SD
= 0.765
Eurobarometer (2014): study LT 2014 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2014 N = 1015
Mean
= 2.800
SD
= 0.748
Eurobarometer (1986): study FR 1984 /1 15+ aged, general public, France, 1984 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.800
SD
= 0.696
Eurobarometer (2018a): study HR 2018 General public, 15+ aged, Croatia, 2018 N = 1004
Mean
= 2.800
SD
= 0.748
Eurobarometer (2012): study ES 2012 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2012 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.800
SD
= 0.775
Eurobarometer (2019a): study ME 2019 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2019 N = 529
Mean
= 2.800
SD
= 0.693
Eurobarometer (1991): study FR 1990 /1 15+ aged, general public, France, 1990 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.800
SD
= 0.752
Eurobarometer (1991a): study IT 1992 /1 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1992 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.800
SD
= 0.752
Eurobarometer (2010): study EE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.800
SD
= 0.632
Eurobarometer (1996): study IT Lazio 1996 15+ aged, general public, Lazio region, Italy, 1996 N = 566
Mean
= 2.801
SD
= 0.700
GESIS (2007): study FR Centre 1990 18+ aged, general public, Centre region, France, 1990-2002 N = 2143
Mean
= 2.806
SD
= 0.735
Eurobarometer (2016a): study LT 2016 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2016 N = 1009
Mean
= 2.806
SD
= 0.777
Eurobarometer (2007a): study IT 2007 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2007 N = 1010
Mean
= 2.808
SD
= 0.692
Eurobarometer (2018a): study HU 2018 General public, 15+ aged, Hungary, 2018 N = 1023
Mean
= 2.808
SD
= 0.630
Eurobarometer (2002): study DE East Germany 2001 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 2001 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.808
SD
= 0.677
Eurobarometer (2004a): study PL 2004 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2004 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.808
SD
= 0.761
Eurobarometer (1991): study IT 1988 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1988 N = 1022
Mean
= 2.810
SD
= 0.703
Eurobarometer (1991a): study FR 1991 /1 15+ aged, general public, France, 1991 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.810
SD
= 0.748
Eurobarometer (2010): study HR 2008 12+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.810
SD
= 0.809
Eurobarometer (2015): study SK 2015 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2015 N = 1051
Mean
= 2.810
SD
= 0.717
Eurobarometer (1999): study DE East Germany 1999 16+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1999 N = 1020
Mean
= 2.810
SD
= 0.659
Eurobarometer (2005a): study HR 2005 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.810
SD
= 0.771
Eurobarometer (2012): study TR 2012 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.810
SD
= 0.935
Eurobarometer (1996): study DE Luneburg 1996 15+ aged general public, Luneburg region, Germany, 1996 N = 151
Mean
= 2.811
SD
= 0.733
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Île de France (Paris) 1996 15+ aged general public, Île de France (Paris) region, France, 1996 N = 1200
Mean
= 2.813
SD
= 0.746
Eurobarometer (2011b): study PL 2011 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.814
SD
= 0.663
Eurobarometer (1996): study DE Sachsen 1996 15+ aged general public, Sachsen region, Germany, 1996 N = 1040
Mean
= 2.815
SD
= 0.640
Eurobarometer (2013): study PL 2013 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.816
SD
= 0.690
Eurobarometer (2017a): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2017 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2017 N = 500
Mean
= 2.816
SD
= 0.941
GESIS (2007): study PT PT Norte 1990 18+ aged, general public, PT Norte, Portugal, 1990-2002 N = 16760
Mean
= 2.816
SD
= 0.730
Latinobarómetro (2010): study GR 1989 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 1989 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.818
SD
= 0.994
Eurobarometer (2004a): study CZ 2004 15+ aged, general public, Czech Republic, 2004 N = 1075
Mean
= 2.818
SD
= 0.625
Eurobarometer (2010a): study PL 2009 12+ aged, general public, Poland, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.818
SD
= 0.716
Eurobarometer (2018): study LT 2018 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2018 N = 1003
Mean
= 2.818
SD
= 0.730
Eurobarometer (2016a): study TR 2016 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2016 N = 1040
Mean
= 2.818
SD
= 0.834
Eurobarometer (1996): study DE Brandenburg 1996 15+ aged general public,Brandenburg, Germany, 1996 N = 557
Mean
= 2.820
SD
= 0.678
Eurobarometer (2017a): study HR 2017 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2017 N = 1024
Mean
= 2.820
SD
= 0.806
Eurobarometer (2022): study LV 2022 15+ aged, Latvia, 2022 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.820
SD
= 0.684
Eurobarometer (2013a): study ES 2013 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2013 N = 1012
Mean
= 2.820
SD
= 0.792
Eurobarometer (1998): study ES 1998 16+ aged, general public, Spain, 1998 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.820
SD
= 0.740
Eurobarometer (1991b): study DE East Germany 1993 /1 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1993 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.820
SD
= 0.638
Eurobarometer (1991a): study FR 1992 /1 15+ aged, general public, France, 1992 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.820
SD
= 0.783
Eurobarometer (2014a): study LV 2014 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2014 N = 1003
Mean
= 2.820
SD
= 0.684
Eurobarometer (2021): study EE 2021 15+ Aged General Public, Estonia, 2021 N = 1054
Mean
= 2.820
SD
= 0.623
Eurobarometer (1998): study IT 1998 16+ aged, general public, Italy, 1998 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.820
SD
= 0.712
Eurobarometer (2010a): study SK 2009 12+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2009 N = 1040
Mean
= 2.820
SD
= 0.712
Eurobarometer (2006a): study HR 2006 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.822
SD
= 0.825
GESIS (2007): study FR Haute-Normandie 1990 18+ aged, general public, Haute-Normandie region, France, 1990-2002 N = 1258
Mean
= 2.822
SD
= 0.753
GESIS (2007): study DE Chemnitz 1990 18+ aged, general public, Chemnitz, Germany, 1990-2002 N = 4888
Mean
= 2.824
SD
= 0.626
Eurobarometer (2011c): study HR 2010 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.825
SD
= 0.837
Eurobarometer (1996): study ES Baleares 1996 15+ aged general public, Baleares region, Spain, 1996 N = 118
Mean
= 2.826
SD
= 0.662
Eurobarometer (2000a): study DE West Germany 2000 15+ aged, general public, West-Germany region, Germany, 2000 N = 1015
Mean
= 2.827
SD
= 0.670
Eurobarometer (1996): study IT Molisee Abruzzi 1996 15+ aged, general public,Molisee Abruzzi region, Italy, 1996 N = 177
Mean
= 2.828
SD
= 0.633
Eurobarometer (2006a): study PL 2006 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.828
SD
= 0.711
Eurobarometer (2007a): study HR 2007 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.828
SD
= 0.766
Eurobarometer (2010): study PL 2008 12+ aged, general public, Poland, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.828
SD
= 0.652
Eurobarometer (2018): study SK 2018 15+ aged, general public, Slowakia, 2018 N = 1019
Mean
= 2.828
SD
= 0.739
Eurobarometer (1996): study ES Murcia 1996 15+ aged general public, Murcia region, Spain, 1996 N = 162
Mean
= 2.830
SD
= 0.668
GESIS (2007): study FR Franche-Comte 1990 18+ aged, general public, Franche-Comte region, France, 1990-2002 N = 1016
Mean
= 2.830
SD
= 0.801
Eurobarometer (1991b): study ES 1994 /1 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 1994 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.830
SD
= 0.788
Eurobarometer (2011a): study SK 2011 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2011 N = 1010
Mean
= 2.830
SD
= 0.708
Eurobarometer (2008): study EE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2008 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.830
SD
= 0.664
Eurobarometer (1991b): study IT 1993 /1 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1993 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.830
SD
= 0.722
Eurobarometer (1991b): study FR 1994 /1 15+ aged, general public, France, 1994 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.830
SD
= 0.775
Eurobarometer (2007a): study EE 2007 /1 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2007 N = 1012
Mean
= 2.830
SD
= 0.601
Eurobarometer (2014a): study ES 2014 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2014 N = 1055
Mean
= 2.830
SD
= 0.788
Eurobarometer (2018): study ME 2018 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2018 N = 522
Mean
= 2.830
SD
= 0.949
Eurobarometer (2004a): study DE East Germany 2004 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 2004 N = 508
Mean
= 2.830
SD
= 0.664
Eurobarometer (1997): study DE West Germany 1997 15+ aged, general public, West-Germany region, Germany, 1997 N = 1038
Mean
= 2.830
SD
= 0.704
Eurobarometer (1991): study IT 1989 /1 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1989 N = 1011
Mean
= 2.832
SD
= 0.724
Eurobarometer (2016b): study LV 2016 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2016 N = 1003
Mean
= 2.832
SD
= 0.687
GESIS (2007): study IT Lazio 1990 18+ aged, general public, Lazio region, Italy, 1990 N = 4492
Mean
= 2.833
SD
= 0.711
Eurobarometer (1986): study FR 1975 15+ aged, general public, France, 1975 N = 1276
Mean
= 2.834
SD
= 0.756
Eurobarometer (1995): study ES 1995 16+ aged, general public, Spain, 1995 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.835
SD
= 0.712
Eurobarometer (2012): study PL 2012 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.835
SD
= 0.684
Eurobarometer (2016b): study SK 2016 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2016 N = 1011
Mean
= 2.836
SD
= 0.746
Eurobarometer (2003a): study DE 2003 15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2003 N = 2039
Mean
= 2.837
SD
= 0.724
GESIS (2007): study FR Auvergne 1990 18+ aged, general public, Auvergne region, France, 1990-2002 N = 1332
Mean
= 2.837
SD
= 0.752
Eurobarometer (2004b): study FR 1976 15+ aged, general public, France, 1976 N = 1232
Mean
= 2.837
SD
= 0.753
Eurobarometer (2008): study PL 2008 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.838
SD
= 0.735
Eurobarometer (2017): study SK 2017 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2017 N = 1044
Mean
= 2.838
SD
= 0.721
Eurobarometer (2006): study TR 2006 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2006 N = 1005
Mean
= 2.838
SD
= 0.896
Eurobarometer (2006a): study IT 2006 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2006 N = 1006
Mean
= 2.838
SD
= 0.692
Eurobarometer (2007a): study HR 2007 /1 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.838
SD
= 0.800
Eurobarometer (2004b): study FR 1975 15+ aged, general public, France, 1975 N = 1156
Mean
= 2.839
SD
= 0.781
Eurobarometer (1996): study ES Castilla-Mancha 1996 15+ aged general public, Castilla-Mancha region, Spain, 1996 N = 268
Mean
= 2.840
SD
= 0.697
Castellacci & Schwabe (2018): study ZZ EU 27 2010 15+ aged, general public, 27 EU nations, 2010-2013 N = 100000
Mean
= 2.840
SD
= 0.820
Eurobarometer (2011): study ES 2010 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2010 N = 1001
Mean
= 2.840
SD
= 0.731
Eurobarometer (2014): study SK 2014 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2014 N = 1024
Mean
= 2.840
SD
= 0.784
Eurobarometer (2014a): study EE 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2014 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.840
SD
= 0.689
Eurobarometer (2015a): study LT 2015 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2015 N = 1005
Mean
= 2.840
SD
= 0.717
Eurobarometer (2009): study DE East Germany 2009 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany,Germany, 2009 N = 0
Mean
= 2.840
SD
= 0.745
Eurobarometer (2021): study HR 2021 15+ Aged General Public,Croatia, 2021 N = 1028
Mean
= 2.840
SD
= 0.689
Eurobarometer (2009): study ES 2009 12+ aged, general public, Spain, 2009 N = 1002
Mean
= 2.840
SD
= 0.717
Eurobarometer (1991): study ZZ EU 12 1988 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 12, 1988 N = 11794
Mean
= 2.840
SD
= 0.800
Eurobarometer (1991): study BE 1986 15+ aged, general public, Belgium, 1986 N = 999
Mean
= 2.840
SD
= 0.710
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Languedoc-Roussillon 1996 15+ aged general public, Languedoc-Roussillon region, France, 1996 N = 246
Mean
= 2.841
SD
= 0.878
Eurobarometer (2016a): study LV 2016 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2016 N = 1007
Mean
= 2.842
SD
= 0.669
GESIS (2007): study FR Champagne-Ardenne 1990 18+ aged, general public, Champagne-Ardenne trgion, France, 1990-2002 N = 1291
Mean
= 2.843
SD
= 0.733
Eurobarometer (2007a): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2007 /1 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus-Turkish, 2007 N = 500
Mean
= 2.848
SD
= 0.903
GESIS (2007): study FR Basse-Normandie 1990 18+ aged, general public, Basse-Normandie region, France, 1990-2002 N = 1193
Mean
= 2.849
SD
= 0.745
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Midi-Pyrenees 1996 15+ aged general public, Midi-Pyrenees region, France, 1996 N = 283
Mean
= 2.850
SD
= 0.667
Eurobarometer (1991): study DE East Germany 1990 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1990 N = 2000
Mean
= 2.850
SD
= 0.622
Eurobarometer (1991b): study DE East Germany 1994 /1 15+ aged, general public, East-Germany, Germany, 1994 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.850
SD
= 0.641
Eurobarometer (1991a): study IT 1992 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1992 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.850
SD
= 0.753
Eurobarometer (2003a): study IT 2003 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2003 N = 1008
Mean
= 2.850
SD
= 0.654
Eurobarometer (1986): study FR 1983 /1 15+ aged, general public, France, 1983 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.850
SD
= 0.744
Eurobarometer (1991): study GB 1988 /1 15+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 1988 N = 1324
Mean
= 2.850
SD
= 0.805
Eurobarometer (2005): study TR 2005 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2005 N = 0
Mean
= 2.850
SD
= 0.899
Eurobarometer (1986): study FR 1985 15+ aged, general public, France, 1985 N = 1017
Mean
= 2.850
SD
= 0.702
Eurobarometer (2019): study HU 2019 General public, 15+ aged, Hungary, 2019 N = 1038
Mean
= 2.850
SD
= 0.654
Eurobarometer (1986): study FR 1986 15+ aged, general public, France, 1986 N = 1004
Mean
= 2.850
SD
= 0.702
Eurobarometer (1991b): study IT 1994 /1 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 1994 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.850
SD
= 0.687
Eurobarometer (1991): study ZZ EU 10 1988 /1 15+ aged, general public, EU 10, 1988 N = 9781
Mean
= 2.850
SD
= 0.796
Eurobarometer (2019a): study TR 2019 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2019 N = 1011
Mean
= 2.850
SD
= 0.953
Eurobarometer (1996): study FR Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur 1996 15+ aged, general public, Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur region, France, 1996 N = 492
Mean
= 2.852
SD
= 0.728
GESIS (2007): study PT Acores 1990 18+ aged, general public, Acores region, Portugal, 1990-2002 N = 1135
Mean
= 2.854
SD
= 0.658
GESIS (2007): study FR Lorraine 1990 18+ aged, general public, Lorraine region, France, 1990-2002 N = 2201
Mean
= 2.855
SD
= 0.747
Eurobarometer (2013a): study PL 2013 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 2.856
SD
= 0.609
Eurobarometer (1975a): study FR 1975 15+ aged, general public, France, 1975 N = 1196
Mean
= 2.857
SD
= 0.769
GESIS (2007): study FR Île de France (Paris) 1990 18+ aged, general public, Île de France (Paris), region, France, 1990-2002 N = 9110
Mean
= 2.858
SD
= 0.706
Eurobarometer (2003a): study FR 2003 15+ aged, general public, France, 2003 N = 1015
Mean
= 2.859
SD
= 0.682