## Characteristics

- Code:
- C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c
- Focus:
- Contentment: Best-Worst possible life (C-BW)
- Time frame:
- currently (today, these days, presently) (c)
- Mode:
- 1 question (sq)
- Scale Type:
- ladder scale (l)
- Scale Range:
- 11

## Description

Self report on single question:Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?

10 best possible

9

8

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

0 worst possible life

This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.

## List of Studies Using this Measure

Standard Deviation

- Mean
- = 5.460
- SD
- = 1.110

- Mean
- = 5.450
- SD
- = 2.180

- Mean
- = 5.400

- Mean
- = 7.420
- SD
- = 1.810

- Mean
- = 5.910
- SD
- = 2.020

- Mean
- = 6.050
- SD
- = 1.880

- Mean
- = 5.940
- SD
- = 1.860

- Mean
- = 5.260
- SD
- = 1.930

- Mean
- = 5.460
- SD
- = 2.740

- Mean
- = 7.280

- Mean
- = 3.910
- SD
- = 2.110

- Mean
- = 6.220
- SD
- = 2.420

- Mean
- = 5.510
- SD
- = 1.920

- Mean
- = 6.460
- SD
- = 2.090

- Mean
- = 7.190
- SD
- = 1.760

- Mean
- = 4.910
- SD
- = 1.890

- Mean
- = 4.720
- SD
- = 1.920

- Mean
- = 5.740
- SD
- = 2.030

- Mean
- = 3.190
- SD
- = 1.640

- Mean
- = 6.010
- SD
- = 2.160

- Mean
- = 3.320

- Mean
- = 3.700
- SD
- = 1.740

- Mean
- = 3.890
- SD
- = 1.700

- Mean
- = 4.270

- Mean
- = 6.590
- SD
- = 2.120

- Mean
- = 6.370
- SD
- = 2.520

- Mean
- = 4.630

- Mean
- = 6.020
- SD
- = 2.060

- Mean
- = 4.190
- SD
- = 1.480

- Mean
- = 7.510
- SD
- = 1.700

- Mean
- = 4.360
- SD
- = 2.370

- Mean
- = 4.750
- SD
- = 2.740

- Mean
- = 5.960
- SD
- = 2.120

- Mean
- = 4.200
- SD
- = 2.040

- Mean
- = 5.930
- SD
- = 2.340

- Mean
- = 5.360
- SD
- = 1.960

- Mean
- = 7.420
- SD
- = 1.630

- Mean
- = 6.640
- SD
- = 1.790

- Mean
- = 3.970
- SD
- = 2.010

- Mean
- = 4.250
- SD
- = 1.950

- Mean
- = 6.700
- SD
- = 1.830

- Mean
- = 5.090
- SD
- = 2.490

- Mean
- = 5.850
- SD
- = 2.680

- Mean
- = 3.650
- SD
- = 1.650

- Mean
- = 4.410
- SD
- = 1.780

- Mean
- = 4.600
- SD
- = 2.540

- Mean
- = 5.480
- SD
- = 1.930

- Mean
- = 4.680
- SD
- = 2.090

- Mean
- = 7.590
- SD
- = 1.560

- Mean
- = 5.360
- SD
- = 1.600

- Mean
- = 4.650
- SD
- = 1.970

- Mean
- = 6.960
- SD
- = 1.870

- Mean
- = 7.110
- SD
- = 1.740

- Mean
- = 5.370
- SD
- = 2.330

- Mean
- = 5.960
- SD
- = 1.900

- Mean
- = 5.750
- SD
- = 1.960

- Mean
- = 6.000
- SD
- = 2.070

- Mean
- = 6.220
- SD
- = 1.610

- Mean
- = 5.200
- SD
- = 1.580

- Mean
- = 4.870
- SD
- = 1.690

- Mean
- = 5.120
- SD
- = 1.890

- Mean
- = 4.570
- SD
- = 2.320

- Mean
- = 4.200

- Mean
- = 5.800

- Mean
- = 5.770
- SD
- = 1.840

- Mean
- = 6.960
- SD
- = 1.780

- Mean
- = 4.630
- SD
- = 2.170

- Mean
- = 3.810

- Mean
- = 4.270
- SD
- = 2.840

- Mean
- = 5.910
- SD
- = 1.560

- Mean
- = 4.310
- SD
- = 2.040

- Mean
- = 5.960
- SD
- = 2.180

- Mean
- = 4.670
- SD
- = 1.350

- Mean
- = 7.320
- SD
- = 2.070

- Mean
- = 5.990
- SD
- = 1.900

- Mean
- = 4.880
- SD
- = 1.570

- Mean
- = 5.210
- SD
- = 2.300

- Mean
- = 4.970
- SD
- = 2.110

- Mean
- = 4.430
- SD
- = 1.730

- Mean
- = 4.230
- SD
- = 1.770

- Mean
- = 7.470
- SD
- = 1.350

- Mean
- = 7.280

- Mean
- = 3.790
- SD
- = 1.310

- Mean
- = 5.490
- SD
- = 1.730

- Mean
- = 7.670
- SD
- = 1.740

- Mean
- = 5.130
- SD
- = 2.170

- Mean
- = 4.640
- SD
- = 2.200

- Mean
- = 6.850
- SD
- = 2.300

- Mean
- = 5.820
- SD
- = 1.700

- Mean
- = 5.820
- SD
- = 2.090

- Mean
- = 5.000
- SD
- = 2.470

- Mean
- = 5.870
- SD
- = 1.880

- Mean
- = 4.990
- SD
- = 2.490

- Mean
- = 5.160
- SD
- = 2.440

- Mean
- = 5.600

- Mean
- = 3.330
- SD
- = 1.540

- Mean
- = 6.460
- SD
- = 2.220

- Mean
- = 3.660
- SD
- = 1.700

- Mean
- = 5.150
- SD
- = 2.450

- Mean
- = 4.500

- Mean
- = 6.530
- SD
- = 1.510

- Mean
- = 6.060

- Mean
- = 5.130
- SD
- = 2.170

- Mean
- = 6.290
- SD
- = 2.030

- Mean
- = 4.220
- SD
- = 1.810

- Mean
- = 4.550
- SD
- = 1.590

- Mean
- = 6.260
- SD
- = 1.940

- Mean
- = 7.560
- SD
- = 1.580

- Mean
- = 7.770
- SD
- = 1.560

- Mean
- = 3.160
- SD
- = 2.500

- Mean
- = 6.120
- SD
- = 2.030

- Mean
- = 4.490
- SD
- = 1.140

- Mean
- = 4.000
- SD
- = 1.910

- Mean
- = 6.300
- SD
- = 1.760

- Mean
- = 2.930
- SD
- = 1.950

- Mean
- = 4.460
- SD
- = 2.110

- Mean
- = 5.460
- SD
- = 1.870

- Mean
- = 4.300
- SD
- = 1.750

- Mean
- = 5.030
- SD
- = 1.970

- Mean
- = 7.210
- SD
- = 1.690

- Mean
- = 6.880
- SD
- = 1.870

- Mean
- = 6.440
- SD
- = 2.310

- Mean
- = 6.010
- SD
- = 2.020

- Mean
- = 7.060
- SD
- = 2.320

- Mean
- = 5.500

- Mean
- = 5.010
- SD
- = 2.200

- Mean
- = 4.700

- Mean
- = 5.440
- SD
- = 1.090

- Mean
- = 3.720
- SD
- = 1.770

- Mean
- = 4.400
- SD
- = 1.720

- Mean
- = 4.760
- SD
- = 1.880

- Mean
- = 3.830
- SD
- = 1.790

- Mean
- = 3.780
- SD
- = 1.800

- Mean
- = 3.570
- SD
- = 1.220

- Mean
- = 3.130
- SD
- = 1.400

- Mean
- = 3.980
- SD
- = 2.160

- Mean
- = 4.220
- SD
- = 1.800

- Mean
- = 2.662
- SD
- = 1.454

- Mean
- = 2.694
- SD
- = 1.408

- Mean
- = 2.380
- SD
- = 1.410

- Mean
- = 5.370

- Mean
- = 4.630
- SD
- = 1.760

- Mean
- = 5.490
- SD
- = 1.920

- Mean
- = 5.270
- SD
- = 1.860

- Mean
- = 5.870
- SD
- = 1.850

- Mean
- = 5.510
- SD
- = 1.920

- Mean
- = 4.550
- SD
- = 2.320

- Mean
- = 4.810
- SD
- = 2.660

- Mean
- = 4.610
- SD
- = 2.730

- Mean
- = 4.510
- SD
- = 2.650

- Mean
- = 4.640
- SD
- = 2.680

- Mean
- = 5.000
- SD
- = 2.640

- Mean
- = 5.000
- SD
- = 2.610

- Mean
- = 5.460
- SD
- = 1.630

- Mean
- = 5.320
- SD
- = 1.660

- Mean
- = 5.600
- SD
- = 1.940

- Mean
- = 6.350
- SD
- = 1.630

- Mean
- = 5.340
- SD
- = 2.110

- Mean
- = 5.250
- SD
- = 2.040

- Mean
- = 5.040
- SD
- = 1.970

- Mean
- = 4.740
- SD
- = 1.800

- Mean
- = 5.590
- SD
- = 2.210

- Mean
- = 4.360
- SD
- = 2.150

- Mean
- = 3.940
- SD
- = 2.330

- Mean
- = 5.901

- Mean
- = 6.310
- SD
- = 1.980

- Mean
- = 6.070
- SD
- = 2.040

- Mean
- = 5.960
- SD
- = 2.150

- Mean
- = 6.420
- SD
- = 2.070

- Mean
- = 6.440
- SD
- = 2.110

- Mean
- = 6.780
- SD
- = 1.990

- Mean
- = 6.470
- SD
- = 2.100

- Mean
- = 6.580
- SD
- = 1.990

- Mean
- = 6.670
- SD
- = 2.130

- Mean
- = 6.700
- SD
- = 1.950

- Mean
- = 6.430
- SD
- = 2.130

- Mean
- = 6.040
- SD
- = 2.410

- Mean
- = 5.790
- SD
- = 2.470

- Mean
- = 6.090
- SD
- = 2.260

- Mean
- = 5.550
- SD
- = 1.800

- Mean
- = 4.290
- SD
- = 1.990

- Mean
- = 4.650
- SD
- = 1.950

- Mean
- = 4.180
- SD
- = 2.180

- Mean
- = 4.370
- SD
- = 2.090

- Mean
- = 4.260
- SD
- = 1.950

- Mean
- = 4.320
- SD
- = 2.260

- Mean
- = 4.280
- SD
- = 2.130

- Mean
- = 4.450
- SD
- = 2.140

- Mean
- = 4.350
- SD
- = 2.240

- Mean
- = 4.330
- SD
- = 2.130

- Mean
- = 4.290
- SD
- = 2.330

- Mean
- = 5.060
- SD
- = 2.100

- Mean
- = 7.137

- Mean
- = 7.390
- SD
- = 1.750

- Mean
- = 7.340
- SD
- = 1.530

- Mean
- = 7.290
- SD
- = 1.760

- Mean
- = 7.250
- SD
- = 1.690

- Mean
- = 7.450
- SD
- = 1.740

- Mean
- = 7.410
- SD
- = 1.780

- Mean
- = 7.200
- SD
- = 1.760

- Mean
- = 7.360
- SD
- = 1.740

- Mean
- = 7.290
- SD
- = 1.800

- Mean
- = 7.310
- SD
- = 1.690

- Mean
- = 7.250
- SD
- = 1.700

- Mean
- = 7.260
- SD
- = 1.750

- Mean
- = 7.180
- SD
- = 1.750

- Mean
- = 7.230
- SD
- = 1.700

- Mean
- = 7.213

- Mean
- = 7.120
- SD
- = 1.760

- Mean
- = 7.180
- SD
- = 1.690

- Mean
- = 7.300
- SD
- = 1.750

- Mean
- = 7.470
- SD
- = 1.850

- Mean
- = 7.400
- SD
- = 1.720

- Mean
- = 7.500
- SD
- = 1.860

- Mean
- = 6.950
- SD
- = 1.840

- Mean
- = 7.080
- SD
- = 1.760

- Mean
- = 7.050
- SD
- = 1.700

- Mean
- = 7.290
- SD
- = 1.560

- Mean
- = 7.400
- SD
- = 1.550

- Mean
- = 7.200
- SD
- = 1.550

- Mean
- = 4.730
- SD
- = 1.560

- Mean
- = 4.570
- SD
- = 1.610

- Mean
- = 4.820
- SD
- = 1.890

- Mean
- = 4.570
- SD
- = 1.890

- Mean
- = 4.220
- SD
- = 1.890

- Mean
- = 4.680
- SD
- = 1.880

- Mean
- = 4.910
- SD
- = 1.890

- Mean
- = 5.480
- SD
- = 1.440

- Mean
- = 5.250
- SD
- = 1.470

- Mean
- = 5.150
- SD
- = 1.700

- Mean
- = 5.300
- SD
- = 1.610

- Mean
- = 5.150
- SD
- = 1.670

- Mean
- = 5.170
- SD
- = 1.860

- Mean
- = 5.170
- SD
- = 1.350

- Mean
- = 6.173

- Mean
- = 5.700
- SD
- = 2.370

- Mean
- = 5.940
- SD
- = 1.580

- Mean
- = 4.820
- SD
- = 1.810

- Mean
- = 5.030
- SD
- = 1.900

- Mean
- = 6.690
- SD
- = 1.810

- Mean
- = 6.170
- SD
- = 2.420

- Mean
- = 6.010
- SD
- = 2.180

- Mean
- = 6.170
- SD
- = 2.260

- Mean
- = 6.230
- SD
- = 2.220

- Mean
- = 5.280

- Mean
- = 4.320
- SD
- = 1.760

- Mean
- = 4.610
- SD
- = 1.800

- Mean
- = 5.050
- SD
- = 1.760

- Mean
- = 5.080
- SD
- = 1.690

- Mean
- = 4.860
- SD
- = 1.930

- Mean
- = 4.990
- SD
- = 1.860

- Mean
- = 4.720
- SD
- = 1.930

- Mean
- = 4.660
- SD
- = 2.030

- Mean
- = 4.640
- SD
- = 1.900

- Mean
- = 4.630
- SD
- = 2.160

- Mean
- = 4.560
- SD
- = 1.980

- Mean
- = 4.310
- SD
- = 1.870

- Mean
- = 4.500
- SD
- = 2.160

- Mean
- = 5.110
- SD
- = 2.880

- Mean
- = 5.660
- SD
- = 1.770

- Mean
- = 5.620
- SD
- = 1.790

- Mean
- = 5.460
- SD
- = 1.800

- Mean
- = 5.560
- SD
- = 1.940

- Mean
- = 5.530
- SD
- = 1.850

- Mean
- = 5.230
- SD
- = 5.230

- Mean
- = 5.750
- SD
- = 2.040

- Mean
- = 5.880
- SD
- = 1.780

- Mean
- = 5.810
- SD
- = 1.880

- Mean
- = 5.720
- SD
- = 2.000

- Mean
- = 5.180
- SD
- = 1.780

- Mean
- = 5.550
- SD
- = 1.660

- Mean
- = 5.230
- SD
- = 1.690

- Mean
- = 5.820
- SD
- = 1.920

- Mean
- = 6.839

- Mean
- = 7.260
- SD
- = 1.500

- Mean
- = 7.220
- SD
- = 1.470

- Mean
- = 7.120
- SD
- = 1.530

- Mean
- = 6.850
- SD
- = 1.600

- Mean
- = 7.110
- SD
- = 1.630

- Mean
- = 6.940
- SD
- = 1.830

- Mean
- = 7.100
- SD
- = 1.500

- Mean
- = 6.860
- SD
- = 1.680

- Mean
- = 6.900
- SD
- = 1.510

- Mean
- = 6.950
- SD
- = 1.500

- Mean
- = 6.930
- SD
- = 1.510

- Mean
- = 6.890
- SD
- = 1.550

- Mean
- = 6.770
- SD
- = 1.610

- Mean
- = 6.450
- SD
- = 2.040

- Mean
- = 5.960
- SD
- = 2.460

- Mean
- = 4.408

- Mean
- = 3.330
- SD
- = 1.520

- Mean
- = 3.670
- SD
- = 1.730

- Mean
- = 3.870
- SD
- = 1.690

- Mean
- = 3.190
- SD
- = 1.640

- Mean
- = 3.480
- SD
- = 1.590

- Mean
- = 3.350
- SD
- = 1.690

- Mean
- = 3.620
- SD
- = 2.050

- Mean
- = 4.010
- SD
- = 2.190

- Mean
- = 4.850
- SD
- = 3.000

- Mean
- = 5.820
- SD
- = 3.310

- Mean
- = 4.980
- SD
- = 3.300

- Mean
- = 5.570
- SD
- = 1.280

- Mean
- = 4.940
- SD
- = 0.990

- Mean
- = 5.080
- SD
- = 1.470

- Mean
- = 5.559

- Mean
- = 5.370
- SD
- = 1.820

- Mean
- = 5.630
- SD
- = 1.940

- Mean
- = 5.300
- SD
- = 1.880

- Mean
- = 6.090
- SD
- = 1.980

- Mean
- = 5.780
- SD
- = 1.760

- Mean
- = 5.780
- SD
- = 1.730

- Mean
- = 6.020
- SD
- = 2.170

- Mean
- = 5.770
- SD
- = 1.980

- Mean
- = 5.860
- SD
- = 1.840

- Mean
- = 5.830
- SD
- = 1.860

- Mean
- = 5.770
- SD
- = 2.050

- Mean
- = 5.650
- SD
- = 2.250

- Mean
- = 5.920
- SD
- = 2.200

- Mean
- = 5.670
- SD
- = 2.250

- Mean
- = 5.516

- Mean
- = 5.090
- SD
- = 2.280

- Mean
- = 5.890
- SD
- = 1.990

- Mean
- = 6.020
- SD
- = 2.260

- Mean
- = 4.900
- SD
- = 2.290

- Mean
- = 4.670
- SD
- = 1.970

- Mean
- = 4.990
- SD
- = 2.050

- Mean
- = 4.770
- SD
- = 2.410

- Mean
- = 5.120
- SD
- = 2.220

- Mean
- = 5.250
- SD
- = 2.240

- Mean
- = 5.120
- SD
- = 2.430

- Mean
- = 5.180
- SD
- = 2.220

- Mean
- = 4.960
- SD
- = 2.110

- Mean
- = 4.740
- SD
- = 2.090

- Mean
- = 5.450
- SD
- = 2.400

- Mean
- = 3.550
- SD
- = 1.940

- Mean
- = 3.520
- SD
- = 1.960

- Mean
- = 4.840
- SD
- = 1.990

- Mean
- = 4.130
- SD
- = 2.120

- Mean
- = 4.030
- SD
- = 2.360

- Mean
- = 3.760
- SD
- = 2.290

- Mean
- = 3.500
- SD
- = 2.690

- Mean
- = 3.500
- SD
- = 2.670

- Mean
- = 3.460
- SD
- = 2.640

- Mean
- = 3.470
- SD
- = 2.610

- Mean
- = 6.110

- Mean
- = 6.640
- SD
- = 2.440

- Mean
- = 6.320
- SD
- = 2.250

- Mean
- = 6.690
- SD
- = 2.270

- Mean
- = 7.000
- SD
- = 2.240

- Mean
- = 6.840
- SD
- = 2.260

- Mean
- = 7.040
- SD
- = 2.040

- Mean
- = 6.660
- SD
- = 2.400

- Mean
- = 7.140
- SD
- = 2.190

- Mean
- = 6.980
- SD
- = 2.110

- Mean
- = 6.550
- SD
- = 2.260

- Mean
- = 6.370
- SD
- = 2.520

- Mean
- = 6.330
- SD
- = 2.530

- Mean
- = 6.190
- SD
- = 2.640

- Mean
- = 6.450
- SD
- = 2.490

- Mean
- = 5.598

- Mean
- = 3.840
- SD
- = 1.950

- Mean
- = 3.910
- SD
- = 1.970

- Mean
- = 3.880
- SD
- = 1.990

- Mean
- = 4.220
- SD
- = 2.170

- Mean
- = 3.990
- SD
- = 2.120

- Mean
- = 4.440
- SD
- = 2.000

- Mean
- = 4.870
- SD
- = 2.200

- Mean
- = 4.840
- SD
- = 1.920

- Mean
- = 5.100
- SD
- = 1.850

- Mean
- = 5.100
- SD
- = 2.040

- Mean
- = 5.110
- SD
- = 2.050

- Mean
- = 3.800
- SD
- = 1.570

- Mean
- = 4.020
- SD
- = 1.280

- Mean
- = 3.850
- SD
- = 1.420

- Mean
- = 4.040
- SD
- = 1.400

- Mean
- = 4.790
- SD
- = 1.610

- Mean
- = 3.960
- SD
- = 1.760

- Mean
- = 3.330
- SD
- = 1.680

- Mean
- = 3.480
- SD
- = 2.150

- Mean
- = 4.420
- SD
- = 2.010

- Mean
- = 4.210
- SD
- = 1.970

- Mean
- = 4.650
- SD
- = 2.200

- Mean
- = 4.930
- SD
- = 2.650

- Mean
- = 4.740
- SD
- = 2.850

- Mean
- = 3.560
- SD
- = 1.540

- Mean
- = 3.790
- SD
- = 1.500

- Mean
- = 3.710
- SD
- = 1.750

- Mean
- = 2.900
- SD
- = 2.220

- Mean
- = 3.780
- SD
- = 2.820

- Mean
- = 4.377

- Mean
- = 3.570
- SD
- = 1.680

- Mean
- = 4.160
- SD
- = 1.240

- Mean
- = 4.460
- SD
- = 1.430

- Mean
- = 4.110
- SD
- = 1.310

- Mean
- = 4.140
- SD
- = 1.480

- Mean
- = 4.160
- SD
- = 1.330

- Mean
- = 3.900
- SD
- = 1.700

- Mean
- = 3.670
- SD
- = 2.040

- Mean
- = 3.880
- SD
- = 2.570

- Mean
- = 4.160
- SD
- = 2.490

- Mean
- = 4.460
- SD
- = 2.560

- Mean
- = 4.590
- SD
- = 2.730

- Mean
- = 5.120
- SD
- = 2.910

- Mean
- = 5.000
- SD
- = 2.830

- Mean
- = 5.241

- Mean
- = 3.850
- SD
- = 1.860

- Mean
- = 4.350
- SD
- = 1.640

- Mean
- = 4.290
- SD
- = 1.770

- Mean
- = 4.740
- SD
- = 1.860

- Mean
- = 4.550
- SD
- = 1.600

- Mean
- = 4.430
- SD
- = 1.940

- Mean
- = 4.240
- SD
- = 2.240

- Mean
- = 4.270
- SD
- = 2.060

- Mean
- = 4.240
- SD
- = 2.110

- Mean
- = 5.040
- SD
- = 2.520

- Mean
- = 4.820
- SD
- = 2.360

- Mean
- = 5.070
- SD
- = 2.820

- Mean
- = 5.250
- SD
- = 2.920

- Mean
- = 4.940
- SD
- = 2.740

- Mean
- = 7.025

- Mean
- = 7.420
- SD
- = 1.640

- Mean
- = 7.480
- SD
- = 1.820

- Mean
- = 7.490
- SD
- = 1.620

- Mean
- = 7.490
- SD
- = 1.610

- Mean
- = 7.650
- SD
- = 1.750

- Mean
- = 7.430
- SD
- = 1.820

- Mean
- = 7.420
- SD
- = 1.770

- Mean
- = 7.590
- SD
- = 1.660

- Mean
- = 7.300
- SD
- = 1.760

- Mean
- = 7.410
- SD
- = 1.610

- Mean
- = 7.240
- SD
- = 1.780

- Mean
- = 7.410
- SD
- = 1.600

- Mean
- = 7.180
- SD
- = 1.760

- Mean
- = 7.110
- SD
- = 1.780

- Mean
- = 4.160
- SD
- = 1.660

- Mean
- = 3.570
- SD
- = 1.500

- Mean
- = 3.680
- SD
- = 1.710

- Mean
- = 2.690
- SD
- = 2.250

- Mean
- = 3.480
- SD
- = 2.810

- Mean
- = 3.430
- SD
- = 1.710

- Mean
- = 4.140
- SD
- = 1.570

- Mean
- = 4.630
- SD
- = 1.350

- Mean
- = 3.640
- SD
- = 1.300

- Mean
- = 3.740
- SD
- = 1.340

- Mean
- = 4.390
- SD
- = 1.740

- Mean
- = 4.030
- SD
- = 1.580

- Mean
- = 3.510
- SD
- = 1.640

- Mean
- = 3.460
- SD
- = 1.610

- Mean
- = 4.320
- SD
- = 2.340

- Mean
- = 4.030
- SD
- = 2.440

- Mean
- = 4.560
- SD
- = 2.880

- Mean
- = 4.490
- SD
- = 3.110

- Mean
- = 4.250
- SD
- = 3.140

- Mean
- = 6.151

- Mean
- = 6.060
- SD
- = 2.210

- Mean
- = 5.700
- SD
- = 2.170

- Mean
- = 5.790
- SD
- = 2.390

- Mean
- = 6.490
- SD
- = 2.210

- Mean
- = 6.640
- SD
- = 2.180

- Mean
- = 6.530
- SD
- = 2.070

- Mean
- = 6.600
- SD
- = 2.120

- Mean
- = 6.740
- SD
- = 2.100

- Mean
- = 6.840
- SD
- = 2.060

- Mean
- = 6.530
- SD
- = 1.940

- Mean
- = 6.580
- SD
- = 1.990

- Mean
- = 6.320
- SD
- = 2.160

- Mean
- = 6.440
- SD
- = 2.150

- Mean
- = 5.940
- SD
- = 2.120

- Mean
- = 5.771

- Mean
- = 4.560
- SD
- = 1.970

- Mean
- = 4.860
- SD
- = 1.780

- Mean
- = 4.850
- SD
- = 1.800

- Mean
- = 4.450
- SD
- = 1.830

- Mean
- = 4.650
- SD
- = 1.880

- Mean
- = 5.040
- SD
- = 1.880

- Mean
- = 5.090
- SD
- = 2.080

- Mean
- = 5.240
- SD
- = 1.880

- Mean
- = 5.200
- SD
- = 1.780

- Mean
- = 5.300
- SD
- = 2.070

- Mean
- = 5.320
- SD
- = 2.000

- Mean
- = 5.100
- SD
- = 2.270

- Mean
- = 5.130
- SD
- = 2.260

- Mean
- = 5.140
- SD
- = 2.250

- Mean
- = 5.709

- Mean
- = 6.020
- SD
- = 2.400

- Mean
- = 6.140
- SD
- = 2.450

- Mean
- = 6.170
- SD
- = 2.400

- Mean
- = 6.270
- SD
- = 2.470

- Mean
- = 6.410
- SD
- = 2.560

- Mean
- = 6.460
- SD
- = 2.370

- Mean
- = 6.370
- SD
- = 2.530

- Mean
- = 6.610
- SD
- = 2.400

- Mean
- = 6.450
- SD
- = 2.300

- Mean
- = 6.390
- SD
- = 2.250

- Mean
- = 6.230
- SD
- = 2.570

- Mean
- = 6.160
- SD
- = 2.540

- Mean
- = 5.980
- SD
- = 2.680

- Mean
- = 6.350
- SD
- = 2.700

- Mean
- = 5.080
- SD
- = 1.200

- Mean
- = 3.480
- SD
- = 1.470

- Mean
- = 3.810
- SD
- = 1.660

- Mean
- = 3.840
- SD
- = 1.350

- Mean
- = 3.960
- SD
- = 1.390

- Mean
- = 3.970
- SD
- = 2.880

- Mean
- = 4.610
- SD
- = 3.230

- Mean
- = 3.820
- SD
- = 2.000

- Mean
- = 4.510
- SD
- = 1.960

- Mean
- = 3.920
- SD
- = 2.120

- Mean
- = 3.950
- SD
- = 2.910

- Mean
- = 4.060
- SD
- = 2.440

- Mean
- = 4.690
- SD
- = 2.950

- Mean
- = 4.120
- SD
- = 2.680

- Mean
- = 4.880
- SD
- = 2.910

- Mean
- = 5.490
- SD
- = 3.350

- Mean
- = 5.210
- SD
- = 3.380

- Mean
- = 3.980
- SD
- = 1.700

- Mean
- = 4.520
- SD
- = 1.590

- Mean
- = 4.640
- SD
- = 1.280

- Mean
- = 4.500
- SD
- = 1.710

- Mean
- = 4.410
- SD
- = 1.570

- Mean
- = 3.900
- SD
- = 1.780

- Mean
- = 4.520
- SD
- = 1.630

- Mean
- = 4.310
- SD
- = 2.640

- Mean
- = 7.080
- SD
- = 2.090

- Mean
- = 7.430
- SD
- = 2.170

- Mean
- = 6.850
- SD
- = 1.980

- Mean
- = 7.610
- SD
- = 1.930

- Mean
- = 7.270
- SD
- = 1.940

- Mean
- = 7.230
- SD
- = 2.200

- Mean
- = 7.270
- SD
- = 2.140

- Mean
- = 7.160
- SD
- = 2.030

- Mean
- = 7.250
- SD
- = 2.190

- Mean
- = 6.850
- SD
- = 2.260

- Mean
- = 7.140
- SD
- = 2.140

- Mean
- = 7.230
- SD
- = 2.080

- Mean
- = 7.140
- SD
- = 2.150

- Mean
- = 7.000
- SD
- = 2.150

- Mean
- = 6.508

- Mean
- = 5.820
- SD
- = 2.120

- Mean
- = 5.430
- SD
- = 1.940

- Mean
- = 5.600
- SD
- = 1.990

- Mean
- = 5.390
- SD
- = 2.010

- Mean
- = 6.030
- SD
- = 2.060

- Mean
- = 5.890
- SD
- = 1.990

- Mean
- = 5.380
- SD
- = 1.940

- Mean
- = 5.210
- SD
- = 1.790

- Mean
- = 5.420
- SD
- = 1.930

- Mean
- = 5.340
- SD
- = 1.570

- Mean
- = 5.540
- SD
- = 1.700

- Mean
- = 5.630
- SD
- = 1.710

- Mean
- = 5.420
- SD
- = 2.130

- Mean
- = 6.260

- Mean
- = 6.240
- SD
- = 2.030

- Mean
- = 6.830
- SD
- = 2.030

- Mean
- = 6.390
- SD
- = 2.210

- Mean
- = 6.690
- SD
- = 2.200

- Mean
- = 6.180
- SD
- = 2.210

- Mean
- = 5.440
- SD
- = 2.630

- Mean
- = 5.630
- SD
- = 2.480

- Mean
- = 5.440
- SD
- = 2.400

- Mean
- = 5.790
- SD
- = 2.420

- Mean
- = 6.060
- SD
- = 2.370

- Mean
- = 6.280
- SD
- = 2.130

- Mean
- = 6.140
- SD
- = 2.110

- Mean
- = 5.460
- SD
- = 2.740

- Mean
- = 5.570
- SD
- = 2.460

- Mean
- = 5.790
- SD
- = 2.340

- Mean
- = 5.840
- SD
- = 2.220

- Mean
- = 5.830
- SD
- = 1.860

- Mean
- = 5.610
- SD
- = 1.810

- Mean
- = 5.470
- SD
- = 1.950

- Mean
- = 6.897

- Mean
- = 6.440
- SD
- = 2.060

- Mean
- = 6.500
- SD
- = 1.990

- Mean
- = 6.250
- SD
- = 1.880

- Mean
- = 6.330
- SD
- = 1.930

- Mean
- = 6.330
- SD
- = 2.030

- Mean
- = 6.700
- SD
- = 2.000

- Mean
- = 6.480
- SD
- = 2.030

- Mean
- = 6.610
- SD
- = 1.800

- Mean
- = 6.740
- SD
- = 1.680

- Mean
- = 6.790
- SD
- = 1.700

- Mean
- = 7.030
- SD
- = 1.670

- Mean
- = 7.515

- Mean
- = 8.020
- SD
- = 1.340

- Mean
- = 7.830
- SD
- = 1.500

- Mean
- = 7.970
- SD
- = 1.410

- Mean
- = 7.680
- SD
- = 1.580

- Mean
- = 7.770
- SD
- = 1.520

- Mean
- = 7.790
- SD
- = 1.500

- Mean
- = 7.520
- SD
- = 1.700

- Mean
- = 7.590
- SD
- = 1.720

- Mean
- = 7.510
- SD
- = 1.670

- Mean
- = 7.510
- SD
- = 1.620

- Mean
- = 7.560
- SD
- = 1.610

- Mean
- = 7.590
- SD
- = 1.670

- Mean
- = 7.650
- SD
- = 1.650

- Mean
- = 7.690
- SD
- = 1.470

- Mean
- = 5.010
- SD
- = 1.500

- Mean
- = 4.910
- SD
- = 1.380

- Mean
- = 5.010
- SD
- = 2.150

- Mean
- = 4.370
- SD
- = 2.380

- Mean
- = 5.400
- SD
- = 3.000

- Mean
- = 5.080
- SD
- = 2.850

- Mean
- = 5.168

- Mean
- = 5.090
- SD
- = 3.070

- Mean
- = 4.840
- SD
- = 3.100

- Mean
- = 5.430
- SD
- = 3.130

- Mean
- = 4.740
- SD
- = 3.220

- Mean
- = 4.750
- SD
- = 2.740

- Mean
- = 5.020
- SD
- = 2.800

- Mean
- = 5.390
- SD
- = 2.990

- Mean
- = 5.060
- SD
- = 2.930

- Mean
- = 5.240
- SD
- = 3.110

- Mean
- = 5.610
- SD
- = 3.240

- Mean
- = 5.430
- SD
- = 3.400

- Mean
- = 6.000
- SD
- = 3.220

- Mean
- = 5.380
- SD
- = 2.020

- Mean
- = 5.354

- Mean
- = 5.020
- SD
- = 2.370

- Mean
- = 5.000
- SD
- = 2.100

- Mean
- = 5.300
- SD
- = 2.120

- Mean
- = 6.020
- SD
- = 2.230

- Mean
- = 5.840
- SD
- = 1.950

- Mean
- = 5.800
- SD
- = 2.300

- Mean
- = 5.960
- SD
- = 2.130

- Mean
- = 6.020
- SD
- = 2.190

- Mean
- = 5.950
- SD
- = 2.220

- Mean
- = 5.960
- SD
- = 2.470

- Mean
- = 6.120
- SD
- = 2.430

- Mean
- = 5.840
- SD
- = 2.690

- Mean
- = 6.130
- SD
- = 2.490

- Mean
- = 5.810
- SD
- = 2.490

- Mean
- = 4.472

- Mean
- = 5.170
- SD
- = 2.660

- Mean
- = 5.540
- SD
- = 2.600

- Mean
- = 4.630
- SD
- = 2.380

- Mean
- = 5.070
- SD
- = 1.850

- Mean
- = 4.670
- SD
- = 2.110

- Mean
- = 4.170
- SD
- = 2.060

- Mean
- = 4.200
- SD
- = 2.050

- Mean
- = 3.560
- SD
- = 2.750

- Mean
- = 4.890
- SD
- = 2.210

- Mean
- = 4.760
- SD
- = 2.180

- Mean
- = 4.560
- SD
- = 2.060

- Mean
- = 3.930
- SD
- = 2.290

- Mean
- = 4.010
- SD
- = 2.020

- Mean
- = 4.330
- SD
- = 1.930

- Mean
- = 5.462

- Mean
- = 5.700
- SD
- = 2.190

- Mean
- = 5.300
- SD
- = 2.190

- Mean
- = 5.190
- SD
- = 2.120

- Mean
- = 6.840
- SD
- = 1.930

- Mean
- = 6.740
- SD
- = 2.160

- Mean
- = 4.740
- SD
- = 2.580

- Mean
- = 5.930
- SD
- = 2.340

- Mean
- = 6.330
- SD
- = 2.260

- Mean
- = 5.860
- SD
- = 2.580

- Mean
- = 6.020
- SD
- = 2.580

- Mean
- = 6.140
- SD
- = 2.600

- Mean
- = 6.340
- SD
- = 2.480

- Mean
- = 6.240
- SD
- = 2.660

- Mean
- = 6.450
- SD
- = 2.740

- Mean
- = 6.453

- Mean
- = 5.370
- SD
- = 1.700

- Mean
- = 5.330
- SD
- = 1.700

- Mean
- = 5.450
- SD
- = 1.650

- Mean
- = 5.140
- SD
- = 1.900

- Mean
- = 5.490
- SD
- = 1.950

- Mean
- = 5.360
- SD
- = 1.960

- Mean
- = 5.370
- SD
- = 1.830

- Mean
- = 5.560
- SD
- = 1.860

- Mean
- = 5.630
- SD
- = 1.890

- Mean
- = 5.650
- SD
- = 1.750

- Mean
- = 5.940
- SD
- = 1.850

- Mean
- = 6.090
- SD
- = 1.760

- Mean
- = 6.030
- SD
- = 1.840

- Mean
- = 4.549

- Mean
- = 4.560
- SD
- = 1.860

- Mean
- = 4.440
- SD
- = 1.770

- Mean
- = 4.510
- SD
- = 2.050

- Mean
- = 4.570
- SD
- = 1.870

- Mean
- = 4.300
- SD
- = 1.810

- Mean
- = 4.180
- SD
- = 1.830

- Mean
- = 4.380
- SD
- = 1.950

- Mean
- = 4.100
- SD
- = 2.310

- Mean
- = 6.170
- SD
- = 2.120

- Mean
- = 7.500
- SD
- = 1.670

- Mean
- = 7.889

- Mean
- = 7.670
- SD
- = 1.360

- Mean
- = 7.670
- SD
- = 1.420

- Mean
- = 7.390
- SD
- = 1.670

- Mean
- = 7.350
- SD
- = 1.610

- Mean
- = 7.420
- SD
- = 1.630

- Mean
- = 7.440
- SD
- = 1.560

- Mean
- = 7.380
- SD
- = 1.610

- Mean
- = 7.450
- SD
- = 1.570

- Mean
- = 7.660
- SD
- = 1.480

- Mean
- = 7.790
- SD
- = 1.420

- Mean
- = 7.860
- SD
- = 1.430

- Mean
- = 7.780
- SD
- = 1.430

- Mean
- = 6.714

- Mean
- = 7.090
- SD
- = 1.610

- Mean
- = 6.580
- SD
- = 1.800

- Mean
- = 7.010
- SD
- = 1.590

- Mean
- = 6.280
- SD
- = 1.970

- Mean
- = 6.800
- SD
- = 1.760

- Mean
- = 6.960
- SD
- = 1.680

- Mean
- = 6.650
- SD
- = 1.790

- Mean
- = 6.670
- SD
- = 1.920

- Mean
- = 6.470
- SD
- = 1.850

- Mean
- = 6.360
- SD
- = 1.850

- Mean
- = 6.480
- SD
- = 1.800

- Mean
- = 6.640
- SD
- = 1.630

- Mean
- = 6.670
- SD
- = 1.600

- Mean
- = 6.690
- SD
- = 1.680

- Mean
- = 4.260
- SD
- = 1.940

- Mean
- = 3.970
- SD
- = 2.020

- Mean
- = 3.800
- SD
- = 1.870

- Mean
- = 3.920
- SD
- = 1.920

- Mean
- = 4.660
- SD
- = 2.080

- Mean
- = 4.830
- SD
- = 2.210

- Mean
- = 4.780
- SD
- = 2.460

- Mean
- = 4.780
- SD
- = 2.620

- Mean
- = 4.910
- SD
- = 2.620

- Mean
- = 4.120
- SD
- = 2.480

- Mean
- = 4.920
- SD
- = 3.160

- Mean
- = 5.160
- SD
- = 3.450

- Mean
- = 5.123

- Mean
- = 3.680
- SD
- = 1.930

- Mean
- = 3.710
- SD
- = 1.820

- Mean
- = 4.160
- SD
- = 1.900

- Mean
- = 3.800
- SD
- = 2.010

- Mean
- = 4.100
- SD
- = 1.870

- Mean
- = 4.200
- SD
- = 1.960

- Mean
- = 4.250
- SD
- = 1.960

- Mean
- = 4.350
- SD
- = 1.880

- Mean
- = 4.290
- SD
- = 2.050

- Mean
- = 4.120
- SD
- = 2.050

- Mean
- = 4.450
- SD
- = 1.960

- Mean
- = 4.450
- SD
- = 1.780

- Mean
- = 4.660
- SD
- = 2.220

- Mean
- = 4.890
- SD
- = 2.170

- Mean
- = 7.312

- Mean
- = 6.620
- SD
- = 1.800

- Mean
- = 6.420
- SD
- = 1.870

- Mean
- = 6.520
- SD
- = 1.770

- Mean
- = 6.640
- SD
- = 1.870

- Mean
- = 6.720
- SD
- = 1.860

- Mean
- = 6.620
- SD
- = 1.850

- Mean
- = 6.700
- SD
- = 1.830

- Mean
- = 6.970
- SD
- = 1.820

- Mean
- = 6.980
- SD
- = 1.660

- Mean
- = 7.040
- SD
- = 1.650

- Mean
- = 6.870
- SD
- = 1.780

- Mean
- = 7.070
- SD
- = 1.440

- Mean
- = 7.120
- SD
- = 1.620

- Mean
- = 7.040
- SD
- = 1.770

- Mean
- = 5.319

- Mean
- = 4.540
- SD
- = 1.800

- Mean
- = 5.220
- SD
- = 1.950

- Mean
- = 4.970
- SD
- = 1.620

- Mean
- = 4.200
- SD
- = 1.890

- Mean
- = 4.610
- SD
- = 1.770

- Mean
- = 5.610
- SD
- = 2.600

- Mean
- = 5.060
- SD
- = 2.140

- Mean
- = 4.970
- SD
- = 1.830

- Mean
- = 3.860
- SD
- = 2.440

- Mean
- = 3.990
- SD
- = 2.150

- Mean
- = 4.510
- SD
- = 2.740

- Mean
- = 5.480
- SD
- = 2.550

- Mean
- = 5.000
- SD
- = 2.510

- Mean
- = 4.970
- SD
- = 2.550

- Mean
- = 5.788

- Mean
- = 6.010
- SD
- = 2.450

- Mean
- = 6.650
- SD
- = 1.960

- Mean
- = 6.040
- SD
- = 1.980

- Mean
- = 5.840
- SD
- = 2.280

- Mean
- = 5.370
- SD
- = 2.210

- Mean
- = 5.100
- SD
- = 2.490

- Mean
- = 4.720
- SD
- = 2.280

- Mean
- = 4.760
- SD
- = 2.410

- Mean
- = 5.620
- SD
- = 2.210

- Mean
- = 5.300
- SD
- = 2.320

- Mean
- = 5.150
- SD
- = 2.410

- Mean
- = 5.410
- SD
- = 2.080

- Mean
- = 5.950
- SD
- = 2.050

- Mean
- = 5.900
- SD
- = 2.090

- Mean
- = 6.330
- SD
- = 2.110

- Mean
- = 6.410
- SD
- = 2.160

- Mean
- = 6.450
- SD
- = 2.240

- Mean
- = 6.290
- SD
- = 2.420

- Mean
- = 5.740
- SD
- = 2.550

- Mean
- = 5.860
- SD
- = 2.680

- Mean
- = 5.980
- SD
- = 2.600

- Mean
- = 6.540
- SD
- = 2.590

- Mean
- = 6.460
- SD
- = 2.940

- Mean
- = 6.360
- SD
- = 2.700

- Mean
- = 6.330
- SD
- = 2.860

- Mean
- = 6.630
- SD
- = 2.840

- Mean
- = 6.260
- SD
- = 2.930

- Mean
- = 4.040
- SD
- = 1.740

- Mean
- = 3.650
- SD
- = 1.660

- Mean
- = 3.900
- SD
- = 1.840

- Mean
- = 3.410
- SD
- = 1.780

- Mean
- = 3.500
- SD
- = 1.860

- Mean
- = 3.600
- SD
- = 2.120

- Mean
- = 4.870
- SD
- = 2.970

- Mean
- = 5.250
- SD
- = 3.300

- Mean
- = 4.770
- SD
- = 3.210

- Mean
- = 5.990
- SD
- = 1.840

- Mean
- = 3.750
- SD
- = 1.840

- Mean
- = 3.850
- SD
- = 1.870

- Mean
- = 3.770
- SD
- = 1.560

- Mean
- = 4.840
- SD
- = 1.730

- Mean
- = 4.410
- SD
- = 1.780

- Mean
- = 4.620
- SD
- = 2.290

- Mean
- = 3.890
- SD
- = 2.200

- Mean
- = 3.570
- SD
- = 2.350

- Mean
- = 3.350
- SD
- = 2.190

- Mean
- = 3.820
- SD
- = 2.160

- Mean
- = 3.610
- SD
- = 3.080

- Mean
- = 5.400
- SD
- = 2.740

- Mean
- = 5.100
- SD
- = 2.640

- Mean
- = 5.420
- SD
- = 2.700

- Mean
- = 6.030
- SD
- = 2.660

- Mean
- = 5.870
- SD
- = 2.680

- Mean
- = 4.960
- SD
- = 2.670

- Mean
- = 4.600
- SD
- = 2.550

- Mean
- = 4.710
- SD
- = 2.880

- Mean
- = 5.060
- SD
- = 2.740

- Mean
- = 4.850
- SD
- = 3.070

- Mean
- = 5.650
- SD
- = 2.970

- Mean
- = 6.020
- SD
- = 2.960

- Mean
- = 5.910
- SD
- = 3.130

- Mean
- = 5.930
- SD
- = 3.150

- Mean
- = 5.295

- Mean
- = 5.510
- SD
- = 1.910

- Mean
- = 5.140
- SD
- = 1.850

- Mean
- = 5.400
- SD
- = 1.970

- Mean
- = 5.640
- SD
- = 1.750

- Mean
- = 5.470
- SD
- = 1.940

- Mean
- = 5.480
- SD
- = 1.940

- Mean
- = 5.460
- SD
- = 1.810

- Mean
- = 5.500
- SD
- = 1.820

- Mean
- = 5.360
- SD
- = 1.780

- Mean
- = 5.660
- SD
- = 1.800

- Mean
- = 6.038

- Mean
- = 5.190
- SD
- = 2.070

- Mean
- = 4.950
- SD
- = 2.080

- Mean
- = 4.890
- SD
- = 2.090

- Mean
- = 4.730
- SD
- = 1.970

- Mean
- = 4.920
- SD
- = 2.090

- Mean
- = 4.680
- SD
- = 2.090

- Mean
- = 4.910
- SD
- = 2.270

- Mean
- = 5.180
- SD
- = 1.880

- Mean
- = 5.340
- SD
- = 1.880

- Mean
- = 5.450
- SD
- = 1.850

- Mean
- = 6.070
- SD
- = 1.790

- Mean
- = 5.940
- SD
- = 1.790

- Mean
- = 6.000
- SD
- = 2.000

- Mean
- = 7.575

- Mean
- = 6.890
- SD
- = 1.950

- Mean
- = 7.590
- SD
- = 1.570

- Mean
- = 7.500
- SD
- = 1.570

- Mean
- = 7.500
- SD
- = 1.690

- Mean
- = 7.510
- SD
- = 1.570

- Mean
- = 7.480
- SD
- = 1.630

- Mean
- = 7.530
- SD
- = 1.550

- Mean
- = 4.225

- Mean
- = 5.350
- SD
- = 1.950

- Mean
- = 5.200
- SD
- = 1.770

- Mean
- = 5.030
- SD
- = 1.620

- Mean
- = 5.150
- SD
- = 1.630