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Happiness Measures

Characteristics

Code:
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-c
Focus:
Contentment: Best-Worst possible life (C-BW)
Time frame:
currently (today, these days, presently) (c)
Mode:
1 question (sq)
Scale Type:
ladder scale (l)
Scale Range:
11

Description

Self report on single question:

Here is ladder representing the 'ladder of life'. Let's suppose the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you; and the bottom, the worst possible life for you. On which step of the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time?
10 best possible
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0 worst possible life

This question was followed (not preceded) by items on life 5 years ago and 5 years from now.

List of Studies Using this Measure

Study Population N Mean
Standard Deviation
Pew Research Center (2002): study ZZ 2002 Adults, general public, 44 nations, 2002 N = 38263
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MR 2009 15+ aged, general public, Mauritania, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MX 2012 15+ aged, general public, Mexico, 2012 N = 2000
Mean
= 7.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MX 2011 15+ aged, general public, Mexico, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MX 2010 15+ aged, general public, Mexico, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MX 2009 15+ aged, general public, Mexico, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MX 2008 15+ aged, general public, Mexico, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MX 2007 15+ aged, general public, Mexico, 2007 N = 999
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MX 2006 15+ aged, general public, Mexico, 2006 N = 1007
Mean
= 6.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MU 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Mauritius, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MU 2011 15+ aged, general public, Mauritius, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MR 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Mauritania, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MR 2013 15+ aged, general public, Mauritania, 2013 N = 1008
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MR 2012 15+ aged, general public, Mauritania, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MR 2011 15+ aged, general public, Mauritania, 2011 N = 2000
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MR 2010 15+ aged, general public, Mauritania, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MR 2008 15+ aged, general public, Mauritania, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MX 2014 15+ aged, general public, Mexico, 2014 N = 1017
Mean
= 6.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ML 2013 15+ aged, general public, Mali, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ML 2006 15+ aged, general public, Mali, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ML 2008 15+ aged, general public, Mali, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ML 2009 15+ aged, general public, Mali, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ML 2010 15+ aged, general public, Mali, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ML 2011 15+ aged, general public, Mali, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ML 2012 15+ aged, general public, Mali, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ML 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Mali, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MR 2007 15+ aged, general public, Mauritania, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MT 2008 15+ aged, general public, Malta, 2008 N = 508
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MT 2010 15+ aged, general public, Malta, 2010 N = 1008
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MT 2011 15+ aged, general public, Malta, 2011 N = 1004
Mean
= 6.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MT 2012 15+ aged, general public, Malta, 2012 N = 1004
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MT 2013 15+ aged, general public, Malta, 2013 N = 500
Mean
= 6.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MT 2014 15+ aged, general public, Malta, 2014 N = 1012
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MX 2013 15+ aged, general public, Mexico, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MD 2006 15+ aged, general public, Moldova, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MY 2013 15+ aged, general public, Malaysia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MA 2013 15+ aged, general public, Morocco, 2013 N = 1007
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ME 2012 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ME 2013 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ME 2014 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MA 2010 15+ aged, general public, Morocco, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MA 2011 15+ aged, general public, Morocco, 2011 N = 2001
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MA 2012 15+ aged, general public, Morocco, 2012 N = 2000
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MA 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Morocco, 2014 N = 998
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ME 2010 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MZ 2006 15+ aged, general public, Mozambique, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MZ 2007 15+ aged, general public, Mozambique, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MZ 2008 15+ aged, general public, Mozambique, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MZ 2011 15+ aged, general public, Mozambique, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MM 2012 15+ aged, general public, Myanmar, 2012 N = 1020
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MM 2013 15+ aged, general public, Myanmar, 2013 N = 1020
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ME 2011 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ME 2009 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2009 N = 1003
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MD 2007 15+ aged, general public, Moldova, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MD 2014 15+ aged, general public, Moldova, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MD 2008 15+ aged, general public, Moldova, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MD 2009 15+ aged, general public, Moldova, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MD 2010 15+ aged, general public, Moldova, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MD 2011 15+ aged, general public, Moldova, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MD 2012 15+ aged, general public, Moldova, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MD 2013 15+ aged, general public, Moldova, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MN 2007 15+ aged, general public, Mongolia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ME 2006 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2006 N = 834
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MN 2008 15+ aged, general public, Mongolia, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MN 2010 15+ aged, general public, Mongolia, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MN 2011 15+ aged, general public, Mongolia, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MN 2012 15+ aged, general public, Mongolia, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MN 2013 15+ aged, general public, Mongolia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MN 2014 15+ aged, general public, Mongolia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MY 2014 15+ aged, general public, Malaysia, 2014 N = 1008
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MY 2012 15+ aged, general public, Malaysia, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NA 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Namibia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LB 2010 15+ aged, general public, Lebanon, 2010 N = 1008
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LT 2009 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2009 N = 500
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LT 2008 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2008 N = 506
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LT 2007 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2007 N = 1007
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LT 2006 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2006 N = 1015
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LY 2012 15+ aged, general public, Libya, 2012 N = 1002
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LR 2014 15+ aged, general public, Liberia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LR 2010 15+ aged, general public, Liberia, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LR 2008 15+ aged, general public, Liberia, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LR 2007 15+ aged, general public, Liberia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LS 2011 15+ aged, general public, Lesotho, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LB 2014 15+ aged, general public, Lebanon, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LB 2013 15+ aged, general public, Lebanon, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LB 2012 15+ aged, general public, Lebanon, 2012 N = 2013
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LB 2011 15+ aged, general public, Lebanon, 2011 N = 2007
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LB 2009 15+ aged, general public, Lebanon, 2009 N = 1002
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LT 2011 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LV 2008 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2008 N = 513
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LA 2007 15+ aged, general public, Laos, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LA 2008 15+ aged, general public, Laos, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LA 2011 15+ aged, general public, Laos, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LA 2012 15+ aged, general public, Laos, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LV 2006 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LV 2007 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2007 N = 1017
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LV 2009 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2009 N = 515
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LB 2008 15+ aged, general public, Lebanon, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LV 2011 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2011 N = 1006
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LV 2012 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2012 N = 1001
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LV 2013 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LV 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2014 N = 1002
Mean
= 5.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LB 2006 15+ aged, general public, Lebanon, 2006 N = 996
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LB 2007 15+ aged, general public, Lebanon, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LT 2010 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2010 N = 1001
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LT 2012 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MY 2011 15+ aged, general public, Malaysia, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MW 2012 15+ aged, general public, Malawi, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MG 2013 15+ aged, general public, Madagascar, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MG 2014 15+ aged, general public, Madagascar, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MW 2006 15+ aged, general public, Malawi, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MW 2007 15+ aged, general public, Malawi, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MW 2009 15+ aged, general public, Malawi, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MW 2011 15+ aged, general public, Malawi, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MW 2013 15+ aged, general public, Malawi, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MG 2011 15+ aged, general public, Madagascar, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MW 2014 15+ aged, general public, Malawi, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MY 2006 15+ aged, general public, Malaysia, 2006 N = 1009
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MY 2007 15+ aged, general public, Malaysia, 2007 N = 1233
Mean
= 6.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MY 2008 15+ aged, general public, Malaysia, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MY 2009 15+ aged, general public, Malaysia, 2009 N = 1011
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MY 2010 15+ aged, general public, Malaysia, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MG 2012 15+ aged, general public, Madagascar, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MG 2008 15+ aged, general public, Madagascar, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LT 2013 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LU 2014 15+ aged, general public, Luxembourg, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LT 2014 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LU 2008 15+ aged, general public, Luxembourg, 2008 N = 500
Mean
= 7.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LU 2010 15+ aged, general public, Luxembourg, 2010 N = 1002
Mean
= 7.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LU 2011 15+ aged, general public, Luxembourg, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LU 2012 15+ aged, general public, Luxembourg, 2012 N = 1001
Mean
= 7.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LU 2013 15+ aged, general public, Luxembourg, 2013 N = 500
Mean
= 7.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MK 2006 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2006 N = 1042
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MG 2006 15+ aged, general public, Madagascar, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MK 2009 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2009 N = 1008
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MK 2010 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MK 2011 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2011 N = 1018
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MK 2012 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2012 N = 1025
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MK 2013 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2013 N = 1020
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MK 2014 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NA 2007 15+ aged, general public, Namibia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NP 2006 15+ aged, general public, Nepal, 2006 N = 1002
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KG 2014 15+ aged, general public, Kyrgyzstan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PY 2010 15+ aged, general public, Paraguay, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PH 2006 15+ aged, general public, Philippines, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PE 2014 15+ aged, general public, Peru, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PE 2013 15+ aged, general public, Peru, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PE 2012 15+ aged, general public, Peru, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PE 2011 15+ aged, general public, Peru, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PE 2010 15+ aged, general public, Peru, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PE 2009 15+ aged, general public, Peru, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Peru, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PE 2007 15+ aged, general public, Peru, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PE 2006 15+ aged, general public, Peru, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PY 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Paraguay, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PY 2013 15+ aged, general public, Paraguay, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PY 2012 15+ aged, general public, Paraguay, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PY 2011 15+ aged, general public, Paraguay, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PY 2009 15+ aged, general public, Paraguay, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PH 2008 15+ aged, general public, Philippines, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PA 2009 15+ aged, general public, Panama, 2009 N = 1018
Mean
= 7.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PS 2012 15+ aged, general public, Palestina, 2012 N = 2000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PS 2013 /1 15+ aged, general public, Palestina, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PS 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Palestina, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PA 2006 15+ aged, general public, Panama, 2006 N = 1005
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PA 2007 15+ aged, general public, Panama, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PA 2008 15+ aged, general public, Panama, 2008 N = 1004
Mean
= 6.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PA 2010 15+ aged, general public, Panama, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PY 2008 15+ aged, general public, Paraguay, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PA 2011 15+ aged, general public, Panama, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PA 2012 15+ aged, general public, Panama, 2012 N = 1001
Mean
= 6.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PA 2013 15+ aged, general public, Panama, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PA 2014 15+ aged, general public, Panama, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PY 2006 15+ aged, general public, Paraguay, 2006 N = 1001
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PY 2007 15+ aged, general public, Paraguay, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PH 2007 15+ aged, general public, Philippines, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PH 2009 15+ aged, general public, Philippines, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PS 2010 15+ aged, general public, Palestina, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study QA 2009 15+ aged, general public, Qatar, 2009 N = 1016
Mean
= 6.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PT 2012 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2012 N = 1001
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PT 2013 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2013 N = 1001
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PT 2014 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2014 N = 1007
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PR 2006 15+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 2006 N = 500
Mean
= 6.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PR 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Puerto Rico, 2014 N = 500
Mean
= 7.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study QA 2008 15+ aged, general public, Qatar, 2008 N = 1012
Mean
= 6.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study QA 2010 15+ aged, general public, Qatar, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PT 2010 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2010 N = 1002
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study QA 2011 15+ aged, general public, Qatar, 2011 N = 2032
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study QA 2012 15+ aged, general public, Qatar, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study QA 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Qatar, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RO 2006 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2006 N = 1022
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RO 2007 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RO 2009 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PT 2011 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PT 2009 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PH 2010 15+ aged, general public, Philippines, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PL 2008 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PH 2011 15+ aged, general public, Philippines, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PH 2012 15+ aged, general public, Philippines, 2012 N = 2000
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PH 2013 15+ aged, general public, Philippines, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PH 2014 15+ aged, general public, Philippines, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PL 2006 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PL 2007 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PL 2009 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PT 2008 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2008 N = 1002
Mean
= 5.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PL 2010 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PL 2011 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PL 2012 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PL 2013 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PL 2014 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PT 2006 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2006 N = 1007
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PS 2011 15+ aged, general public, Palestina, 2011 N = 2000
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PS 2009 15+ aged, general public, Palestina, 2009 N = 1014
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NP 2007 15+ aged, general public, Nepal, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NZ 2007 15+ aged, general public, New Zealand, 2007 N = 750
Mean
= 7.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NI 2013 15+ aged, general public, Nicaragua, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NI 2012 15+ aged, general public, Nicaragua, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NI 2011 15+ aged, general public, Nicaragua, 2011 N = 1003
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NI 2010 15+ aged, general public, Nicaragua, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NI 2009 15+ aged, general public, Nicaragua, 2009 N = 1012
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NI 2008 15+ aged, general public, Nicaragua, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NI 2007 15+ aged, general public, Nicaragua, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NI 2006 15+ aged, general public, Nicaragua, 2006 N = 1001
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NZ 2014 15+ aged, general public, New Zealand, 2014 N = 1001
Mean
= 7.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NZ 2013 15+ aged, general public, New Zealand, 2013 N = 500
Mean
= 7.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NZ 2012 15+ aged, general public, New Zealand, 2012 N = 1008
Mean
= 7.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NZ 2011 15+ aged, general public, New Zealand, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NZ 2010 15+ aged, general public, New Zealand, 2010 N = 750
Mean
= 7.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NZ 2008 15+ aged, general public, New Zealand, 2008 N = 750
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NZ 2006 15+ aged, general public, New Zealand, 2006 N = 1028
Mean
= 7.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NE 2006 15+ aged, general public, Niger, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NP 2014 15+ aged, general public, Nepal, 2014 N = 1050
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NP 2008 15+ aged, general public, Nepal, 2008 N = 1003
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NP 2009 15+ aged, general public, Nepal, 2009 N = 1002
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NP 2010 15+ aged, general public, Nepal, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NP 2011 15+ aged, general public, Nepal, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NP 2012 15+ aged, general public, Nepal, 2012 N = 2000
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NP 2013 15+ aged, general public, Nepal, 2013 N = 1050
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NL 2006 15+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NL 2014 15+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NL 2007 15+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NL 2008 15+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NL 2010 15+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2010 N = 1001
Mean
= 7.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NL 2011 15+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NL 2012 15+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NL 2013 15+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2013 N = 751
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NI 2014 15+ aged, general public, Nicaragua, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NE 2007 15+ aged, general public, Niger, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PS 2008 15+ aged, general public, Palestina, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PK 2009 15+ aged, general public, Pakistan, 2009 N = 3122
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NO 2012 15+ aged, general public, Norway, 2012 N = 1004
Mean
= 7.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NO 2014 15+ aged, general public, Norway, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study OM 2011 15+ aged, general public, Oman, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PK 2006 15+ aged, general public, Pakistan, 2006 N = 1001
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PK 2007 15+ aged, general public, Pakistan, 2007 N = 1502
Mean
= 5.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PK 2008 15+ aged, general public, Pakistan, 2008 N = 2484
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PK 2010 15+ aged, general public, Pakistan, 2010 N = 1030
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NO 2006 15+ aged, general public, Norway, 2006 N = 1001
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PK 2011 15+ aged, general public, Pakistan, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PK 2012 15+ aged, general public, Pakistan, 2012 N = 3012
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PK 2013 15+ aged, general public, Pakistan, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PK 2014 15+ aged, general public, Pakistan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PS 2006 15+ aged, general public, Palestina, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PS 2007 15+ aged, general public, Palestina, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NO 2008 15+ aged, general public, Norway, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, North Cyprus, 2014 N = 1001
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Niger, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NG 2006 15+ aged, general public, Nigeria, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NE 2009 15+ aged, general public, Niger, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NE 2010 15+ aged, general public, Niger, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NE 2011 15+ aged, general public, Niger, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NE 2012 15+ aged, general public, Niger, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NE 2013 15+ aged, general public, Niger, 2013 N = 1008
Mean
= 3.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NE 2014 15+ aged, general public, Niger, 2014 N = 1008
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NG 2007 15+ aged, general public, Nigeria, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2013 /1 15+ aged, general public, North Cyprus, 2013 N = 502
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NG 2008 15+ aged, general public, Nigeria, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NG 2009 15+ aged, general public, Nigeria, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NG 2010 15+ aged, general public, Nigeria, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NG 2012 15+ aged, general public, Nigeria, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NG 2013 15+ aged, general public, Nigeria, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study XY Cyprus-Turkish 2012 15+ aged, general public, North Cyprus, 2012 N = 500
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LA 2006 15+ aged, general public, Laos, 2006 N = 999
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KG 2013 15+ aged, general public, Kyrgyzstan, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RO 2011 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2011 N = 1008
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GH 2010 15+ aged, general public, Ghana, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GT 2008 15+ aged, general public, Guatemala, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GT 2007 15+ aged, general public, Guatemala, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GT 2006 15+ aged, general public, Guatemala, 2006 N = 1021
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GR 2014 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GR 2013 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GR 2012 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GR 2011 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GR 2010 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GR 2009 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GR 2007 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GR 2006 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GH 2014 15+ aged, general public, Ghana, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GH 2013 15+ aged, general public, Ghana, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GH 2012 15+ aged, general public, Ghana, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GH 2009 15+ aged, general public, Ghana, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GT 2010 15+ aged, general public, Guatemala, 2010 N = 1014
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DE 2009 15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2009 N = 1002
Mean
= 6.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GE 2012 15+ aged, general public, Georgia, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GE 2013 15+ aged, general public, Georgia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GE 2014 15+ aged, general public, Georgia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DE 2006 15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2006 N = 1001
Mean
= 6.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DE 2007 15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2007 N = 1221
Mean
= 6.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2008 N = 2010
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DE 2010 15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2010 N = 1007
Mean
= 6.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GH 2008 15+ aged, general public, Ghana, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DE 2011 15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2011 N = 9105
Mean
= 6.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DE 2012 15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2012 N = 13269
Mean
= 6.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DE 2013 15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2013 N = 751
Mean
= 7.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DE 2014 15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2014 N = 1002
Mean
= 7.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GH 2006 15+ aged, general public, Ghana, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GH 2007 15+ aged, general public, Ghana, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GT 2009 15+ aged, general public, Guatemala, 2009 N = 1015
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GT 2011 15+ aged, general public, Guatemala, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GE 2010 15+ aged, general public, Georgia, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HK 2006 /2 15+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2006 N = 800
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HN 2011 15+ aged, general public, Honduras, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HN 2012 15+ aged, general public, Honduras, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HN 2013 15+ aged, general public, Honduras, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HN 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Honduras, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HK 2010 15+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2010 N = 756
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HK 2011 15+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2011 N = 1028
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HK 2008 /2 15+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2008 N = 751
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HN 2009 /1 15+ aged, general public, Honduras, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HK 2009 /2 15+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2009 N = 755
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HK 2012 /2 15+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2012 N = 1006
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HK 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2014 N = 1010
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HK 2006 /1 15+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2006 N = 800
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HK 2008 /1 15+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2008 N = 751
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HK 2009 /1 15+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2009 N = 755
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HN 2010 15+ aged, general public, Honduras, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HN 2008 /1 15+ aged, general public, Honduras, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GT 2012 15+ aged, general public, Guatemala, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GY 2007 15+ aged, general public, Guyana, 2007 N = 501
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GT 2013 15+ aged, general public, Guatemala, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GT 2014 15+ aged, general public, Guatemala, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GN 2011 15+ aged, general public, Guinea, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GN 2012 15+ aged, general public, Guinea, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GN 2013 15+ aged, general public, Guinea, 2013 N = 1008
Mean
= 3.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GN 2014 15+ aged, general public, Guinea, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HT 2006 /1 15+ aged, general public, Haiti, 2006 N = 505
Mean
= 3.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HN 2007 15+ aged, general public, Honduras, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HT 2010 15+ aged, general public, Haiti, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HT 2011 15+ aged, general public, Haiti, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HT 2012 /1 15+ aged, general public, Haiti, 2012 N = 504
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HT 2013 /1 15+ aged, general public, Haiti, 2013 N = 504
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HT 2014 /2 15+ aged, general public, Haiti, 2014 N = 504
Mean
= 3.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HN 2006 /1 15+ aged, general public, Honduras, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GE 2011 15+ aged, general public, Georgia, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GE 2009 15+ aged, general public, Georgia, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HK 2014 15+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2014 N = 1010
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EC 2011 15+ aged, general public, Ecuador, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SV 2010 15+ aged, general public, El Salvador, 2010 N = 1001
Mean
= 6.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SV 2008 15+ aged, general public, El Salvador, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SV 2007 15+ aged, general public, El Salvador, 2007 N = 1001
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SV 2006 15+ aged, general public, El Salvador, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EG 2014 15+ aged, general public, Egypt, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EG 2013 15+ aged, general public, Egypt, 2013 N = 1149
Mean
= 3.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EG 2012 15+ aged, general public, Egypt, 2012 N = 4186
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EG 2011 15+ aged, general public, Egypt, 2011 N = 5296
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EG 2010 15+ aged, general public, Egypt, 2010 N = 1042
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EG 2007 15+ aged, general public, Egypt, 2007 N = 1024
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EG 2006 15+ aged, general public, Egypt, 2006 N = 999
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EC 2014 15+ aged, general public, Ecuador, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EC 2013 15+ aged, general public, Ecuador, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EC 2012 15+ aged, general public, Ecuador, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EC 2010 15+ aged, general public, Ecuador, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SV 2012 15+ aged, general public, El Salvador, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DO 2008 /1 15+ aged, general public, Dominican Republic, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DJ 2009 /1 15+ aged, general public, Djibouti, 2009 N = 0
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DJ 2010 15+ aged, general public, Djibouti, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DJ 2011 15+ aged, general public, Djibouti, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DO 2007 15+ aged, general public, Dominican Republic, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DO 2006 /1 15+ aged, general public, Dominican Republic, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DO 2010 15+ aged, general public, Dominican Republic, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DO 2011 15+ aged, general public, Dominican Republic, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EC 2009 /1 15+ aged, general public, Ecuador, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DO 2012 15+ aged, general public, Dominican Republic, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DO 2013 15+ aged, general public, Dominican Republic, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DO 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Dominican Republic, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EC 2006 /1 15+ aged, general public, Ecuador, 2006 N = 1067
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EC 2007 15+ aged, general public, Ecuador, 2007 N = 1061
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EC 2008 /1 15+ aged, general public, Ecuador, 2008 N = 1001
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SV 2011 15+ aged, general public, El Salvador, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SV 2013 15+ aged, general public, El Salvador, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Georgia, 2008 N = 1080
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FR 2013 15+ aged, general public, France, 2013 N = 751
Mean
= 6.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FR 2007 15+ aged, general public, France, 2007 N = 1220
Mean
= 6.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FR 2008 15+ aged, general public, Finland, 2008 N = 1006
Mean
= 7.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FR 2009 15+ aged, general public, France, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FR 2010 15+ aged, general public, France, 2010 N = 1004
Mean
= 6.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FR 2011 15+ aged, general public, France, 2011 N = 1001
Mean
= 7.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FR 2012 15+ aged, general public, France, 2012 N = 2005
Mean
= 6.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FR 2014 15+ aged, general public, France, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FI 2014 15+ aged, general public, Finland, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GA 2011 15+ aged, general public, Gabon, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GA 2012 15+ aged, general public, Gabon, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GA 2013 15+ aged, general public, Gabon, 2013 N = 1008
Mean
= 3.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GA 2014 15+ aged, general public, Gabon, 2014 N = 1008
Mean
= 3.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GE 2006 15+ aged, general public, Georgia, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GE 2007 15+ aged, general public, Georgia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FR 2006 15+ aged, general public, France, 2006 N = 1002
Mean
= 7.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FI 2013 15+ aged, general public, Finland, 2013 N = 750
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SV 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, El Salvador, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EE 2013 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2013 N = 1010
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EE 2006 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2006 N = 1003
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EE 2007 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2007 N = 1001
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2008 N = 601
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EE 2009 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2009 N = 608
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EE 2011 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2011 N = 1007
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EE 2012 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2012 N = 1004
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EE 2014 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FI 2012 15+ aged, general public, Finland, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ET 2012 15+ aged, general public, Ethiopia, 2012 N = 2000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ET 2013 15+ aged, general public, Ethiopia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ET 2014 15+ aged, general public, Ethiopia, 2014 N = 1004
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FI 2006 15+ aged, general public, Finland, 2006 N = 1010
Mean
= 7.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FI 2008 15+ aged, general public, Finland, 2008 N = 1005
Mean
= 7.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FI 2011 15+ aged, general public, Finland, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HK 2012 /1 15+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2012 N = 1006
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HU 2006 /1 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2006 N = 1025
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KG 2012 15+ aged, general public, Kyrgyzstan, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JO 2013 15+ aged, general public, Jordan, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KE 2009 15+ aged, general public, Kenya, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Kenya, 2008 N = 2000
Mean
= 4.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KE 2007 15+ aged, general public, Kenya, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KE 2006 15+ aged, general public, Kenya, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KZ 2014 15+ aged, general public, Kazakhstan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KZ 2013 15+ aged, general public, Kazakhstan, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KZ 2012 15+ aged, general public, Kazakhstan, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KZ 2011 15+ aged, general public, Kazakhstan, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KZ 2010 15+ aged, general public, Kazakhstan, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KZ 2009 15+ aged, general public, Kazakhstan, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KZ 2008 15+ aged, general public, Kazakhstan, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KZ 2007 15+ aged, general public, Kazakhstan, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KZ 2006 15+ aged, general public, Kazakhstan, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JO 2014 15+ aged, general public, Jordan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JO 2012 15+ aged, general public, Jordan, 2012 N = 2000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KE 2011 15+ aged, general public, Kenya, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JP 2012 15+ aged, general public, Japan, 2012 N = 2000
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JP 2006 15+ aged, general public, Japan, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JP 2007 15+ aged, general public, Japan, 2007 N = 1150
Mean
= 6.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JP 2008 15+ aged, general public, Japan, 2008 N = 2250
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JP 2009 15+ aged, general public, Japan, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JP 2010 15+ aged, general public, Japan, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JP 2011 15+ aged, general public, Japan, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JP 2013 15+ aged, general public, Japan, 2013 N = 1001
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JO 2011 15+ aged, general public, Jordan, 2011 N = 2000
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JP 2014 15+ aged, general public, Japan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JO 2006 15+ aged, general public, Jordan, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JO 2007 15+ aged, general public, Jordan, 2007 N = 1016
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JO 2008 15+ aged, general public, Jordan, 2008 N = 1007
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JO 2009 15+ aged, general public, Jordan, 2009 N = 1015
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JO 2010 15+ aged, general public, Jordan, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KE 2010 15+ aged, general public, Kenya, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KE 2012 15+ aged, general public, Kenya, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JM 2013 15+ aged, general public, Jamaica, 2013 N = 504
Mean
= 5.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KW 2013 15+ aged, general public, Kuwait, 2013 N = 1008
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SS 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, South Sudan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KW 2006 15+ aged, general public, Kuwait, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KW 2009 15+ aged, general public, Kuwait, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KW 2010 15+ aged, general public, Kuwait, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KW 2011 15+ aged, general public, Kuwait, 2011 N = 2000
Mean
= 6.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KW 2012 15+ aged, general public, Kuwait, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KW 2014 15+ aged, general public, Kuwait, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KR 2013 15+ aged, general public, Korea (South), 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KG 2006 15+ aged, general public, Kyrgyzstan, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KG 2007 15+ aged, general public, Kyrgyzstan, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KG 2008 15+ aged, general public, Kyrgyzstan, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KG 2009 15+ aged, general public, Kyrgyzstan, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KG 2010 15+ aged, general public, Kyrgyzstan, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KG 2011 15+ aged, general public, Kyrgyzstan, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KR 2014 15+ aged, general public, Korea (South), 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KR 2012 15+ aged, general public, Korea (South), 2012 N = 2000
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KE 2013 15+ aged, general public, Kenya, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study XY Kosovo 2012 15+ aged, general public, Kosovo, De facto nation, 2012 N = 1024
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KE 2014 15+ aged, general public, Kenya, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study XY Kosovo 2006 15+ aged, general public, Kosovo, De facto nation, 2006 N = 1046
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study XY Kosovo 2008 15+ aged, general public, Kosovo, De facto nation, 2008 N = 1047
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study XY Kosovo 2009 15+ aged, general public, Kosovo, De facto nation, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study XY Kosovo 2010 15+ aged, general public, Kosovo, De facto nation, 2010 N = 1017
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study XY Kosovo 2011 15+ aged, general public, Kosovo, De facto nation, 2011 N = 1047
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study XY Kosovo 2013 /1 15+ aged, general public, Kosovo, De facto nation, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KR 2011 15+ aged, general public, Korea (South), 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study XY Kosovo 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Kosovo, De facto nation, 2014 N = 1001
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KR 2006 15+ aged, general public, Korea (South), 2006 N = 1100
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KR 2007 15+ aged, general public, Korea (South), 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KR 2008 15+ aged, general public, Korea (South), 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KR 2009 15+ aged, general public, Korea (South), 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KR 2010 15+ aged, general public, Korea (South), 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JM 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Jamaica, 2014 N = 504
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JM 2011 15+ aged, general public, Jamaica, 2011 N = 506
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HU 2008 /1 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2008 N = 1008
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IN 2013 15+ aged, general public, India, 2013 N = 3000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IR 2011 15+ aged, general public, Iran, 2011 N = 1003
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IR 2008 15+ aged, general public, Iran, 2008 N = 1040
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IR 2007 15+ aged, general public, Iran, 2007 N = 1004
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IR 2006 15+ aged, general public, Iran, 2006 N = 1300
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ID 2014 15+ aged, general public, Indonesia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ID 2013 15+ aged, general public, Indonesia, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ID 2012 15+ aged, general public, Indonesia, 2012 N = 3000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ID 2011 15+ aged, general public, Indonesia, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ID 2010 15+ aged, general public, Indonesia, 2010 N = 1080
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ID 2009 15+ aged, general public, Indonesia, 2009 N = 1080
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ID 2008 15+ aged, general public, Indonesia, 2008 N = 1050
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ID 2007 15+ aged, general public, Indonesia, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ID 2006 15+ aged, general public, Indonesia, 2006 N = 1180
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IN 2014 15+ aged, general public, India, 2014 N = 3000
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IN 2012 15+ aged, general public, India, 2012 N = 12620
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IR 2013 15+ aged, general public, Iran, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IS 2008 15+ aged, general public, Iceland, 2008 N = 502
Mean
= 6.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HU 2007 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2007 N = 1010
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HU 2010 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2010 N = 1008
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HU 2011 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2011 N = 1014
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HU 2012 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2012 N = 1004
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HU 2013 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2013 N = 1019
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HU 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2014 N = 1003
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IS 2012 15+ aged, general public, Iceland, 2012 N = 1002
Mean
= 7.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IN 2011 15+ aged, general public, India, 2011 N = 3518
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IS 2013 15+ aged, general public, Iceland, 2013 N = 502
Mean
= 7.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IN 2006 15+ aged, general public, India, 2006 N = 2100
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IN 2007 15+ aged, general public, India, 2007 N = 3186
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IN 2008 15+ aged, general public, India, 2008 N = 2000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IN 2009 15+ aged, general public, India, 2009 N = 3010
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IN 2010 15+ aged, general public, India, 2010 N = 6000
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IR 2012 15+ aged, general public, Iran, 2012 N = 3507
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IR 2014 15+ aged, general public, Iran, 2014 N = 1005
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JM 2006 15+ aged, general public, Jamaica, 2006 N = 543
Mean
= 6.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IT 2007 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2007 N = 1008
Mean
= 6.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IL 2010 15+ aged, general public, Israel, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IL 2011 15+ aged, general public, Israel, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IL 2012 15+ aged, general public, Israel, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IL 2013 15+ aged, general public, Israel, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IL 2014 15+ aged, general public, Israel, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IT 2006 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2006 N = 1002
Mean
= 6.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IT 2008 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2008 N = 1008
Mean
= 6.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IL 2008 15+ aged, general public, Israel, 2008 N = 1001
Mean
= 7.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IT 2009 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2009 N = 1005
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IT 2010 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IT 2011 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2011 N = 1005
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IT 2012 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2012 N = 2007
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IT 2013 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2013 N = 1004
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IT 2014 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IL 2009 15+ aged, general public, Israel, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IL 2007 15+ aged, general public, Israel, 2007 N = 1001
Mean
= 6.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IQ 2008 15+ aged, general public, Iraq, 2008 N = 990
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IE 2006 15+ aged, general public, Ireland, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IQ 2009 15+ aged, general public, Iraq, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IQ 2010 15+ aged, general public, Iraq, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IQ 2011 15+ aged, general public, Iraq, 2011 N = 2000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IQ 2012 15+ aged, general public, Iraq, 2012 N = 2000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IQ 2013 15+ aged, general public, Iraq, 2013 N = 1003
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IQ 2014 15+ aged, general public, Iraq, 2014 N = 1003
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Ireland, 2008 N = 1001
Mean
= 7.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IL 2006 15+ aged, general public, Israel, 2006 N = 1002
Mean
= 7.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IE 2009 15+ aged, general public, Ireland, 2009 N = 500
Mean
= 7.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IE 2010 15+ aged, general public, Ireland, 2010 N = 1001
Mean
= 7.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IE 2011 15+ aged, general public, Ireland, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IE 2012 15+ aged, general public, Ireland, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IE 2013 15+ aged, general public, Ireland, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IE 2014 15+ aged, general public, Ireland, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RO 2010 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RO 2012 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DK 2009 /1 15+ aged, general public, Denmark, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ME 2016 15+ aged, general public, Montenegro, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PH 2016 15+ aged, general public, Philippines, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PE 2016 15+ aged, general public, Peru, 2016 N = 977
Mean
= 5.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PY 2016 15+ aged, general public, Paraguay, 2016 N = 998
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PA 2016 15+ aged, general public, Panama, 2016 N = 991
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PS 2016 15+ aged, general public, Palestinian Territories, 2016 N = 996
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PK 2016 15+ aged, general public, Pakistan, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NO 2016 15+ aged, general public, Norway, 2016 N = 1998
Mean
= 7.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NG 2016 15+ aged, general public, Nigeria, 2016 N = 975
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NE 2016 15+ aged, general public, Niger, 2016 N = 986
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NI 2016 15+ aged, general public, Nicaragua, 2016 N = 942
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NZ 2016 15+ aged, general public, New Zealand, 2016 N = 1003
Mean
= 7.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NL 2016 15+ aged, general public, Netherlands, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study NP 2016 15+ aged, general public, Nepal, 2016 N = 941
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MM 2016 15+ aged, general public, Myanmar, 2016 N = 1017
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MN 2016 15+ aged, general public, Mongolia, 2016 N = 992
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PT 2016 15+ aged, general public, Portugal, 2016 N = 1004
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LU 2016 15+ aged, general public, Luxembourg, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KG 2016 15+ aged, general public, Kyrgyzstan, 2016 N = 995
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LV 2016 15+ aged, general public, Latvia, 2016 N = 998
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LB 2016 15+ aged, general public, Lebanon, 2016 N = 999
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LS 2016 15+ aged, general public, Lesotho, 2016 N = 987
Mean
= 3.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LY 2016 15+ aged, general public, Libya, 2016 N = 984
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LT 2016 15+ aged, general public, Lithuania, 2016 N = 967
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MK 2016 15+ aged, general public, Macedonia, 2016 N = 1022
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MD 2016 15+ aged, general public, Moldova, 2016 N = 988
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MG 2016 15+ aged, general public, Madagascar, 2016 N = 999
Mean
= 3.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MW 2016 15+ aged, general public, Malawi, 2016 N = 998
Mean
= 3.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ML 2016 15+ aged, general public, Mali, 2016 N = 962
Mean
= 4.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MT 2016 15+ aged, general public, Malta, 2016 N = 1010
Mean
= 6.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MR 2016 15+ aged, general public, Mauritania, 2016 N = 994
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MX 2016 15+ aged, general public, Mexico, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study PL 2016 15+ aged, general public, Poland, 2016 N = 980
Mean
= 6.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RO 2016 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2016 N = 993
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study XY Kosovo 2016 15+ aged, general public, Kosovo, De facto nation, 2016 N = 994
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study UA 2016 15+ aged, general public, Ukraine, 2016 N = 990
Mean
= 4.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TH 2016 15+ aged, general public, Thailand, 2016 N = 962
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TG 2016 15+ aged, general public, Togo, 2016 N = 993
Mean
= 3.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TN 2016 15+ aged, general public, Tunisia, 2016 N = 993
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TR 2016 15+ aged, general public, Turkey, 2016 N = 995
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TM 2016 15+ aged, general public, Turkmenistan, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study UG 2016 15+ aged, general public, Uganda, 2016 N = 992
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study AE 2016 15+ aged, general public, United Arab Emirates, 2016 N = 1836
Mean
= 6.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TJ 2016 15+ aged, general public, Tajikistan, 2016 N = 995
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GB 2016 15+ aged, general public, United Kingdom, 2016 N = 998
Mean
= 6.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study US 2016 15+ aged, general public, United States of America, 2016 N = 1026
Mean
= 6.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study UY 2016 15+ aged, general public, Uruguay N = 988
Mean
= 6.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study UZ 2016 15+ aged, general public, Uzbekistan N = 976
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study VE 2016 15+ aged, general public, Venezuela, 2016 N = 995
Mean
= 4.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study VN 2016 15+ aged, general public, Viet Nam, 2016 N = 1021
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TZ 2016 15+ aged, general public, Tanzania, 2016 N = 998
Mean
= 2.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TW 2016 15+ aged, general public, Taiwan, 2016 N = 990
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RU 2016 15+ aged, general public, Russia, 2016 N = 1940
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SK 2016 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2016 N = 998
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RW 2016 15+ aged, general public, Rwanda, 2016 N = 995
Mean
= 3.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SA 2016 15+ aged, general public, Saudi Arabia, 2016 N = 987
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SN 2016 15+ aged, general public, Senegal, 2016 N = 984
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RS 2016 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2016 N = 999
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SL 2016 15+ aged, general public, Sierra Leone, 2016 N = 955
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SG 2016 15+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2016 N = 998
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SI 2016 15+ aged, general public, Slovenia, 2016 N = 997
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CH 2016 15+ aged, general public, Switzerland, 2016 N = 999
Mean
= 7.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SO 2016 15+ aged, general public, Somalia, 2016 N = 1185
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ZA 2016 15+ aged, general public, South Africa, 2016 N = 995
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KR 2016 15+ aged, general public, Republic of Korea, 2016 N = 987
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SS 2016 15+ aged, general public, South Sudan, 2016 N = 985
Mean
= 2.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ES 2016 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SE 2016 15+ aged, general public, Sweden, 2016 N = 986
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KW /1 15+ aged, general public, Kuwait, 2016 N = 989
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KE 2016 15+ aged, general public, Kenya, 2016 N = 996
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ZM 2016 15+ aged, general public, Zambia, 2016 N = 965
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study BO 2016 15+ aged, general public, Bolivia, 2016 N = 975
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CD 2016 15+ aged, general public, Congo (Kinshasa), 2016 N = 998
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CO 2016 15+ aged, general public, Colombia, 2016 N = 981
Mean
= 6.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CN 2016 15+ aged, general public, China, 2016 N = 4291
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CL 2016 15+ aged, general public, Chile, 2016 N = 1008
Mean
= 6.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TD 2016 15+ aged, general public, Chad, 2016 N = 986
Mean
= 4.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CF 2016 15+ aged, general public, Central African Republic, 2016 N = 991
Mean
= 2.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CA 2016 15+ aged, general public, Canada, 2016 N = 1012
Mean
= 7.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CM 2016 15+ aged, general public, Cameroon, 2016 N = 979
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KH 2016 15+ aged, general public, Cambodia, 2016 N = 974
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study BF 2016 15+ aged, general public, Burkina Faso, 2016 N = 967
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study BG 2016 15+ aged, general public, Bulgaria, 2016 N = 993
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study BR 2016 15+ aged, general public, Brazil, 2016 N = 983
Mean
= 6.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study BW 2016 15+ aged, general public, Botswana, 2016 N = 968
Mean
= 3.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study BA 2016 15+ aged, general public, Bosnia and Herzegovina, 2016 N = 997
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study BJ 2016 15+ aged, general public, Benin, 2016 N = 955
Mean
= 4.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CR 2016 15+ aged, general public, Costa Rica, 2016 N = 984
Mean
= 7.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study AR 2016 15+ aged, general public, Argentina, 2016 N = 996
Mean
= 6.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FI 2010 15+ aged, general public, Finland, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LR 2013 15+ aged, general public, Liberia, 2013 N = 1000
Stevenson & Wolfers (2008): study ZZ World samples 2006 Adults, general public, 131 nations, 2006 N = 131000
Goff et al. (2016): study US 2008 18+ aged, general public, USA, 2008-2011 N = 1400000
Slag (2017): study KR 2006 18+ aged general public, South Korea, 2006-2015 N = 10000
Mean
= 5.640
Diener & Tay (2015): study ZZ 2005 15+ Aged, general public, 164 nations, 2005-2013 N = 1229431
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study AM 2016 15+ aged, general public, Armenia, 2016 N = 991
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study BE 2016 15+ aged, general public, Belgium, 2016 N = 997
Mean
= 6.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study AU 2016 15+ aged, general public, Australia, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study AT 2016 15+ aged, general public, Austria, 2016 N = 999
Mean
= 7.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study AZ 2016 15+ aged, general public, Azerbaijan, 2016 N = 980
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study BH 2016 15+ aged, general public, Bahrain, 2016 N = 996
Mean
= 6.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study BD 2016 15+ aged, general public, Bangladesh, 2016 N = 992
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study BY 2016 15+ aged, general public, Belarus, 2016 N = 1024
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CG 2016 15+ aged, general public, Congo (Brazzaville), 2016 N = 984
Mean
= 4.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CI 2016 15+ aged, general public, Cote d'Ivoire, 2016 N = 972
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study KZ 2016 15+ aged, general public, Kazakhstan, 2016 N = 979
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ID 2016 15+ aged, general public, Indonesia, 2016 N = 968
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HT 2016 15+ aged, general public, Haiti, 2016 N = 501
Mean
= 3.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HN 2016 15+ aged, general public, Honduras, 2016 N = 961
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HK 2016 15+ aged, general public, Hong Kong, 2016 N = 1003
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HU 2016 15+ aged, general public, Hungary, 2016 N = 991
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IS 2016 15+ aged, general public, Iceland, 2016 N = 525
Mean
= 7.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IN 2016 15+ aged, general public, India, 2016 N = 2998
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IR 2016 15+ aged, general public, Iran, 2016 N = 987
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GT 2016 15+ aged, general public, Guatemala, 2016 N = 940
Mean
= 6.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IQ 2016 15+ aged, general public, Iraq, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IE 2016 15+ aged, general public, Ireland, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IL 2016 15+ aged, general public, Israel, 2016 N = 995
Mean
= 7.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study IT 2016 15+ aged, general public, Italy, 2016 N = 997
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JP 2016 15+ aged, general public, Japan, 2016 N = 995
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study JO 2016 15+ aged, general public, Jordan, 2016 N = 996
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GN 2016 15+ aged, general public, Guinea, 2016 N = 997
Mean
= 3.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GR 2016 15+ aged, general public, Greece, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study HR 2016 15+ aged, general public, Croatia, 2016 N = 974
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SV 2016 15+ aged, general public, El Salvador, 2016 N = 942
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CY 2016 15+ aged, general public, Cyprus, 2016 N = 999
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CZ 2016 15+ aged, general public, Czech Republic, 2016 N = 997
Mean
= 6.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DK 2016 15+ aged, general public, Denmark, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DO 2016 15+ aged, general public, Dominican Republic, 2016 N = 987
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EC 2016 15+ aged, general public, Ecuador, 2016 N = 998
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EG 2016 15+ aged, general public, Egypt, 2016 N = 999
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EE 2016 15+ aged, general public, Estonia, 2016 N = 991
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GH 2016 15+ aged, general public, Ghana, 2016 N = 981
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ET 2016 15+ aged, general public, Ethiopia, 2016 N = 985
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FI 2016 15+ aged, general public, Finland, 2016 N = 998
Mean
= 7.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study FR 2016 15+ aged, general public, France, 2016 N = 999
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GA 2016 15+ aged, general public, Gabon, 2016 N = 984
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study GE 2016 15+ aged, general public, Georgia, 2016 N = 998
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DE 2016 15+ aged, general public, Germany, 2016 N = 1999
Mean
= 6.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study YE 2016 15+ aged, general public, Yemen, 2016 N = 997
Mean
= 3.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ZW 2016 15+ aged, general public, Zimbabwe, 2016 N = 982
Mean
= 3.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study EG 2008 15+ aged, general public, Egypt, 2008 N = 1105
Mean
= 4.600
Helliwell et al. (2021): study MD 2020 15+ aged general public, Moldova 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.812
Helliwell et al. (2021): study RU 2020 15+ aged general public, Russia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.495
Helliwell et al. (2021): study PT 2020 15+ aged general public, Portugal 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.768
Helliwell et al. (2021): study PL 2020 15+ aged general public, Poland 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.139
Helliwell et al. (2021): study PH 2020 15+ aged general public, Philippines 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.080
Helliwell et al. (2021): study NO 2020 15+ aged general public, Norway 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.290
Helliwell et al. (2021): study MK 2020 15+ aged general public, North Macedonia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.054
Helliwell et al. (2021): study NG 2020 15+ aged general public, Nigeria 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.503
Helliwell et al. (2021): study NZ 2020 15+ aged general public, New Zealand 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.257
Helliwell et al. (2021): study NL 2020 15+ aged general public, Netherlands 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.504
Helliwell et al. (2021): study NA 2020 15+ aged general public, Namibia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.451
Helliwell et al. (2021): study MM 2020 15+ aged general public, Myanmar 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.431
Helliwell et al. (2021): study MA 2020 15+ aged general public, Morocco 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.803
Helliwell et al. (2021): study ME 2020 15+ aged general public, Montenegro 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.722
Helliwell et al. (2021): study MN 2020 15+ aged general public, Mongolia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.011
Helliwell et al. (2021): study MX 2020 15+ aged general public, Mexico 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.964
Helliwell et al. (2021): study RS 2020 15+ aged general public, Serbia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.042
Helliwell et al. (2021): study JO 2020 15+ aged general public, Jordan 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.094
Helliwell et al. (2021): study IQ 2020 15+ aged general public, Iraq 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.785
Helliwell et al. (2021): study IE 2020 15+ aged general public, Ireland 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.035
Helliwell et al. (2021): study IL 2020 15+ aged general public, Israel 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.195
Helliwell et al. (2021): study IT 2020 15+ aged general public, Italy 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.488
Helliwell et al. (2021): study CI 2020 15+ aged general public, Ivory Coast 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.257
Helliwell et al. (2021): study JP 2020 15+ aged general public, Japan 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.118
Helliwell et al. (2021): study KZ 2020 15+ aged general public, Kazakhstan 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.168
Helliwell et al. (2021): study MU 2020 15+ aged general public, Mauritius 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.015
Helliwell et al. (2021): study KE 2020 15+ aged general public, Kenya 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.547
Helliwell et al. (2021): study KG 2020 15+ aged general public, Kyrgyzstan 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.250
Helliwell et al. (2021): study LA 2020 15+ aged general public, Laos 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.284
Helliwell et al. (2021): study LV 2020 15+ aged general public, Latvia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.229
Helliwell et al. (2021): study LT 2020 15+ aged general public, Lithuania 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.391
Helliwell et al. (2021): study MT 2020 15+ aged general public, Malta 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.157
Helliwell et al. (2021): study SA 2020 15+ aged general public, Saudi Arabia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.560
Helliwell et al. (2021): study SK 2020 15+ aged general public, Slovakia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.519
Helliwell et al. (2021): study IN 2020 15+ aged general public, India 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.225
Witters & Agrawal (2021): study US 2020 /1 18+ aged, general public, United States, Summer 2020 N = 2321
Mean
= 5.800
Helliwell et al. (2021): study ZM 2020 15+ aged general public, Zambia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.838
Helliwell et al. (2021): study ZW 2020 15+ aged general public, Zimbabwe 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.160
Dijkstra et al. (2020): study ZZ 2017 15+ aged, general public, 117 nations and territories, 2017 - 2019 N = 360000
Witters & Agrawal (2021): study US 2019 18+ aged, general public, United States, fall 2019 N = 9645
Mean
= 6.550
Witters & Agrawal (2021): study US 2019 /1 18+ aged, general public, United States, winter 2019 N = 9000
Mean
= 5.820
Witters & Agrawal (2021): study US 2020 18+ aged, general public, United States, spring 2020 N = 3000
Witters & Agrawal (2021): study US 2020 /2 18+ aged, general public, United States, winter 2020 N = 0
Mean
= 6.210
Helliwell et al. (2021): study UY 2020 15+ aged general public, Uruguay 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.310
Witters & Agrawal (2021): study US 2021 18+ aged, general public, United States, spring 2021 N = 4000
Mean
= 6.690
Witters & Agrawal (2021): study US 2021 /1 18+ aged, general public, United States, May 2021 N = 3731
Mean
= 6.690
Witters & Agrawal (2021): study US 2021 /2 18+ aged, general public, United States, Summer 2021 N = 4820
Mean
= 6.900
Joshanloo (2018a): study ZZ World samples 2006 15+ aged, 94 nations, 2006-2007 N = 97739
Lovo (2014): study ZZ Europe 2008 15+ general public, 25 European countries, 2008-2011 N = 80000
Mean
= 6.870
Farhat et al. (2011): study US 2005 Tenth-graders, USA, 2006 N = 1465
Mean
= 7.320
Helliwell et al. (2021): study VE 2020 15+ aged general public, Venezuela 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.574
Helliwell et al. (2021): study US 2020 15+ aged general public, United States 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.028
Helliwell et al. (2021): study SI 2020 15+ aged general public, Slovenia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.462
Helliwell et al. (2021): study TJ 2020 15+ aged general public, Tajikistan 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.373
Helliwell et al. (2021): study ZA 2020 15+ aged general public, South Africa 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.947
Helliwell et al. (2021): study KR 2020 15+ aged general public, South Korea 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.793
Helliwell et al. (2021): study ES 2020 15+ aged general public, Spain 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.502
Helliwell et al. (2021): study SE 2020 15+ aged general public, Sweden 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.314
Helliwell et al. (2021): study CH 2020 15+ aged general public, Switzerland 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.508
Helliwell et al. (2021): study TW 2020 15+ aged general public, Taiwan 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.751
Helliwell et al. (2021): study TZ 2020 15+ aged general public, Tanzania 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.786
Helliwell et al. (2021): study GB 2020 15+ aged general public, United Kingdom 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.798
Helliwell et al. (2021): study TH 2020 15+ aged general public, Thailand 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.885
Helliwell et al. (2021): study TN 2020 15+ aged general public, Tunisia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.731
Helliwell et al. (2021): study TR 2020 15+ aged general public, Turkey 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.862
Helliwell et al. (2021): study UG 2020 15+ aged general public, Uganda 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.641
Helliwell et al. (2021): study UA 2020 15+ aged general public, Ukraine 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.270
Helliwell et al. (2021): study AE 2020 15+ aged general public, United Arab Emirates 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.458
Helliwell et al. (2021): study IR 2020 15+ aged general public, Iran 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.865
Helliwell et al. (2021): study IS 2020 15+ aged general public, Iceland 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.575
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MU 2016 15+ aged, general public, Mauritius, 2016 N = 995
Mean
= 5.600
Diener & Tay (2015): study ZZ 2005 /1 15+ aged, general public, 164 nations, 2005-2013 N = 1229431
Mean
= 5.400
Moller & Roberts (2017): study ZA 2012 16+ aged general public, South Africa, 2012 N = 3000
Mean
= 5.430
Graham & Nikolova (2013a): study ZZ South Sahara Africa 2011 15+ aged general public . Sub Sahran Africa 2011 N = 23674
Myers & Diener (2018): study ZZ adults, general, multiple nations, years unknown N = 0
Hendriks et al. (2018): study ZZ Various nation sets 2009 Migrants, Multiple nations, 2009-2016 N = 36000
Graham & Nikolova (2018): study ZZ Latin America 2009 Emigrants, Latin America, Multiple nations, 2009-2016 N = 180000
Cardenas et al. (2009): study ZZ Latin America 1995 Adults, Latin America, Multiple nations, 1995 - 2007 N = 20000
Flavin & Shufeldt (2017): study US 2010 18+ aged, general public, in 41 states of the USA, 2010-13 N = 10000
Steptoe et al. (2014): study ZZ Various nation sets 2006 15+ aged, general public, 96 nations, 2006-2010 N = 288044
Michalos & Hatch (2020): study ZZ 2007 18+ aged, general public, 105 nations, 2018 N = 105
Bikus (2015): study UA 2015 /1 15+ aged, general public, Ukraine, 2015 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.000
Diego-Rosell et al. (2018): study ZZ 2011 15+ aged, general public, 153 nations, 2011-2013 N = 370635
Diener et al. (2018): study ZZ 2005 15+ aged, general public, 160 nations, 2005-2015 N = 1468274
Easterlin et al. (2011): study ZZ 2005 15+ aged general public, 80 countries,2005-2008 N = 212000
Diener & Suh (2010): study KR 2010 15+ aged, general public, South Korea, 2010 N = 1100
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ZW 2015 /2 15+ aged, general public, Zimbabwe, 2015 N = 996
Mean
= 3.700
Helliwell et al. (2021): study FI 2020 15+ aged general public, Finland 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.889
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SK 2012 /1 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2012 N = 1004
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study AF 2016 15+ aged, general public, Afghanistan, 2016 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study AL 2016 15+ aged, general public, Albania, 2016 N = 982
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study DZ 2016 15+ aged, general public, Algeria, 2016 N = 998
Mean
= 5.300
Delhey & Kroll (2012): study ZZ OECD member states 2008 18+ aged, general public, OECD member states, 2008 N = 340000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study MA 2015 15+ aged, general public, Morocco, 2015 N = 1050
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SN 2006 /1 15+ aged, general public, Senegal, 2006 N = 998
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SK 2006 /1 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2006 N = 1008
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TJ 2015 /1 15+ aged, general public, Tajikistan, 2015 N = 999
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LK 2015 /1 15+ aged, general public, Sri Lanka, 2015 N = 1052
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SD 2012 /1 15+ aged, general public, Sudan, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SD 2014 /2 15+ aged, general public, Sudan, 2014 N = 989
Mean
= 4.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SY 2009 /1 15+ aged, general public, Syria, 2009 N = 2097
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SY 2015 15+ aged, general public, Syria, 2015 N = 963
Mean
= 3.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TW 2015 /1 15+ aged, general public, Taiwan, 2015 N = 996
Mean
= 6.500
Crabtree & Burchell (2018): study ZZ 2016 15+ aged, 142 nations, 2016 N = 142000
Mean
= 5.260
Helliwell et al. (2021): study AL 2020 15+ aged general public, Albania 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.370
Helliwell et al. (2021): study HU 2020 15+ aged general public, Hungary 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.038
Helliwell et al. (2021): study EE 2020 15+ aged general public, Estonia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.453
Helliwell et al. (2021): study CZ 2020 15+ aged general public, Czech Republic 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.897
Helliwell et al. (2021): study DK 2020 15+ aged general public, Denmark 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.515
Helliwell et al. (2021): study DO 2020 15+ aged general public, Dominican Republic 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.168
Helliwell et al. (2021): study EC 2020 15+ aged general public, Ecuador 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.354
Helliwell et al. (2021): study EG 2020 15+ aged general public, Egypt 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.472
Helliwell et al. (2021): study SV 2020 15+ aged general public, El Salvador 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.462
Helliwell et al. (2021): study ET 2020 15+ aged general public, Ethiopia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.549
Helliwell et al. (2021): study HR 2020 15+ aged general public, Croatia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.508
Helliwell et al. (2021): study FR 2020 15+ aged general public, France 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.714
Helliwell et al. (2021): study GE 2020 15+ aged general public, Georgia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.123
Helliwell et al. (2021): study DE 2020 15+ aged general public, Germany 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.312
Helliwell et al. (2021): study GH 2020 15+ aged general public, Ghana 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.319
Helliwell et al. (2021): study GR 2020 15+ aged general public, Greece 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.788
Helliwell et al. (2021): study HK 2020 15+ aged general public, Hong Kong 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.295
Helliwell et al. (2021): study CY 2020 15+ aged general public, Cyprus 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.260
Helliwell et al. (2021): study CO 2020 15+ aged general public, Colombia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.709
Helliwell et al. (2021): study AR 2020 15+ aged general public, Argentina 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.901
Helliwell et al. (2021): study BO 2020 15+ aged general public, Bolivia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.559
Helliwell et al. (2021): study AU 2020 15+ aged general public, Australia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.137
Helliwell et al. (2021): study AT 2020 15+ aged general public, Austria 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.213
Helliwell et al. (2021): study BH 2020 15+ aged general public, Bahrain 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.173
Helliwell et al. (2021): study BD 2020 15+ aged general public, Bangladesh 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.280
Helliwell et al. (2021): study BE 2020 15+ aged general public, Belgium 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.839
Helliwell et al. (2021): study BJ 2020 15+ aged general public, Benin 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.408
Helliwell et al. (2021): study BA 2020 15+ aged general public, Bosnia Herzegovina 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.516
Helliwell et al. (2021): study CN 2020 15+ aged general public, China 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.771
Helliwell et al. (2021): study BR 2020 15+ aged general public, Brazil 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.110
Helliwell et al. (2021): study BG 2020 15+ aged general public, Bulgaria 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.598
Helliwell et al. (2021): study KH 2020 15+ aged general public, Cambodia 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.377
Helliwell et al. (2021): study CM 2020 15+ aged general public, Cameroon 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.241
Helliwell et al. (2021): study CA 2020 15+ aged general public, Canada 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.025
Helliwell et al. (2021): study CL 2020 15+ aged general public, Chile 2020 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.151
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SV 2009 15+ aged, general public, El Salvador, 2009 N = 1006
Mean
= 6.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CZ 2009 /1 15+ aged, general public, Czech Republic, 2009 N = 1077
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RO 2013 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ES 2014 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SR 2012 15+ aged, general public, Surinam, 2012 N = 504
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SD 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Sudan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SD 2012 15+ aged, general public, Sudan, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SD 2011 15+ aged, general public, Sudan, 2011 N = 2000
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SD 2010 15+ aged, general public, Sudan, 2010 N = 912
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SD 2009 15+ aged, general public, Sudan, 2009 N = 944
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LK 2014 15+ aged, general public, Sri Lanka, 2014 N = 1062
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LK 2013 15+ aged, general public, Sri Lanka, 2013 N = 1030
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LK 2012 15+ aged, general public, Sri Lanka, 2012 N = 2031
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LK 2011 15+ aged, general public, Sri Lanka, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LK 2010 15+ aged, general public, Sri Lanka, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LK 2009 15+ aged, general public, Sri Lanka, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LK 2008 15+ aged, general public, Sri Lanka, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study LK 2006 15+ aged, general public, Sri Lanka, 2006 N = 1033
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ES 2013 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2013 N = 1004
Mean
= 6.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SE 2006 15+ aged, general public, Sweden, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ZA 2013 15+ aged, general public, South Africa, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ZA 2006 15+ aged, general public, South Africa, 2006 N = 1001
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ZA 2007 15+ aged, general public, South Africa, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ZA 2009 15+ aged, general public, South Africa, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ZA 2010 15+ aged, general public, South Africa, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ZA 2011 15+ aged, general public, South Africa, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ZA 2012 15+ aged, general public, South Africa, 2012 N = 2000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ZA 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, South Africa, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ES 2012 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2012 N = 2003
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ES 2006 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ES 2007 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2007 N = 1004
Mean
= 7.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ES 2008 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2008 N = 1009
Mean
= 7.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ES 2009 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2009 N = 1005
Mean
= 6.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ES 2010 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study ES 2011 15+ aged, general public, Spain, 2011 N = 1006
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SZ 2011 15+ aged, general public, Swaziland, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SE 2007 15+ aged, general public, Sweden, 2007 N = 1001
Mean
= 7.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SI 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Slovenia, 2014 N = 1017
Mean
= 5.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TJ 2007 15+ aged, general public, Tajikistan, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TW 2010 15+ aged, general public, Taiwan, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TW 2011 15+ aged, general public, Taiwan, 2011 N = 1001
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TW 2012 15+ aged, general public, Taiwan, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TW 2013 15+ aged, general public, Taiwan, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TW 2014 15+ aged, general public, Taiwan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TJ 2006 15+ aged, general public, Tajikistan, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TJ 2008 15+ aged, general public, Tajikistan, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TW 2006 15+ aged, general public, Taiwan, 2006 N = 1002
Mean
= 6.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TJ 2009 15+ aged, general public, Tajikistan, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TJ 2010 15+ aged, general public, Tajikistan, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TJ 2011 15+ aged, general public, Tajikistan, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TJ 2012 15+ aged, general public, Tajikistan, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TJ 2013 15+ aged, general public, Tajikistan, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TJ 2014 15+ aged, general public, Tajikistan, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TW 2008 15+ aged, general public, Taiwan, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SY 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Syria, 2014 N = 1002
Mean
= 3.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SE 2008 15+ aged, general public, Sweden, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CH 2006 15+ aged, general public, Switzerland, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SE 2009 15+ aged, general public, Sweden, 2009 N = 1002
Mean
= 7.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SE 2010 15+ aged, general public, Sweden, 2010 N = 1002
Mean
= 7.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SE 2011 15+ aged, general public, Sweden, 2011 N = 1006
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SE 2012 15+ aged, general public, Sweden, 2012 N = 1006
Mean
= 7.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SE 2013 15+ aged, general public, Sweden, 2013 N = 750
Mean
= 7.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SE 2014 15+ aged, general public, Sweden, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CH 2009 15+ aged, general public, Switzerland, 2009 N = 1003
Mean
= 7.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SY 2013 15+ aged, general public, Syria, 2013 N = 1022
Mean
= 2.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CH 2012 15+ aged, general public, Switzerland, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study CH 2014 15+ aged, general public, Switzerland, 2014 N = 1002
Mean
= 7.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SY 2008 15+ aged, general public, Syria, 2008 N = 1209
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SY 2010 15+ aged, general public, Syria, 2010 N = 1029
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SY 2011 15+ aged, general public, Syria, 2011 N = 2041
Mean
= 4.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SY 2012 15+ aged, general public, Syria, 2012 N = 2043
Mean
= 3.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SO 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Somalia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SI 2013 15+ aged, general public, Slovenia, 2013 N = 1001
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study TZ 2007 15+ aged, general public, Tanzania, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RW 2014 15+ aged, general public, Rwanda, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SN 2010 15+ aged, general public, Senegal, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SN 2009 15+ aged, general public, Senegal, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SN 2008 15+ aged, general public, Senegal, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SN 2007 15+ aged, general public, Senegal, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SN 2006 15+ aged, general public, Senegal, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SA 2014 15+ aged, general public, Saudi Arabia, 2014 N = 1017
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SA 2013 15+ aged, general public, Saudi Arabia, 2013 N = 1001
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SA 2012 15+ aged, general public, Saudi Arabia, 2012 N = 2112
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SA 2011 15+ aged, general public, Saudi Arabia, 2011 N = 2022
Mean
= 6.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SA 2010 15+ aged, general public, Saudi Arabia, 2010 N = 1023
Mean
= 6.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SA 2009 15+ aged, general public, Saudi Arabia, 2009 N = 1031
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SA 2008 15+ aged, general public, Saudi Arabia, 2008 N = 1150
Mean
= 6.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SA 2007 15+ aged, general public, Saudi Arabia, 2007 N = 1006
Mean
= 7.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SA 2006 15+ aged, general public, Saudi Arabia, 2006 N = 1004
Mean
= 7.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RW 2013 15+ aged, general public, Rwanda, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SN 2012 15+ aged, general public, Senegal, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RU 2011 15+ aged, general public, Russia, 2011 N = 2000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RO 2014 /1 15+ aged, general public, Romania, 2014 N = 998
Mean
= 5.700
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RU 2006 15+ aged, general public, Russia, 2006 N = 2011
Mean
= 5.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RU 2007 15+ aged, general public, Russia, 2007 N = 2949
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RU 2008 15+ aged, general public, Russia, 2008 N = 2019
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RU 2009 15+ aged, general public, Russia, 2009 N = 2042
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RU 2010 15+ aged, general public, Russia, 2010 N = 4000
Mean
= 5.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RU 2012 15+ aged, general public, Russia, 2012 N = 3000
Mean
= 5.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RW 2012 15+ aged, general public, Rwanda, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RU 2013 15+ aged, general public, Russia, 2013 N = 2000
Mean
= 5.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RU 2014 15+ aged, general public, Russia, 2014 N = 2000
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RW 2006 15+ aged, general public, Rwanda, 2006 N = 1504
Mean
= 4.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RW 2008 15+ aged, general public, Rwanda, 2008 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RW 2009 15+ aged, general public, Rwanda, 2009 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RW 2011 15+ aged, general public, Rwanda, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SN 2011 15+ aged, general public, Senegal, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SN 2013 15+ aged, general public, Senegal, 2013 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SI 2012 15+ aged, general public, Slovenia, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SK 2012 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2012 N = 1007
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SG 2010 15+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2010 N = 1001
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SG 2011 15+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2011 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SG 2012 15+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2012 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SG 2014 15+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 7.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SK 2006 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2006 N = 1018
Mean
= 5.300
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SK 2010 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2010 N = 1007
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SK 2011 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2011 N = 1012
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SG 2008 15+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2008 N = 2551
Mean
= 6.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SK 2013 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2013 N = 1004
Mean
= 5.900
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SK 2014 15+ aged, general public, Slovakia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SI 2006 15+ aged, general public, Slovenia, 2006 N = 1018
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SI 2010 15+ aged, general public, Slovenia, 2010 N = 1007
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SI 2011 15+ aged, general public, Slovenia, 2011 N = 1012
Mean
= 6.000
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SI 2009 15+ aged, general public, Slovenia, 2009 N = 500
Mean
= 5.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SG 2009 15+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2009 N = 1005
Mean
= 6.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SG 2007 15+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2007 N = 1000
Mean
= 6.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SN 2014 15+ aged, general public, Senegal, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RS 2014 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2014 N = 1000
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RS 2006 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2006 N = 1556
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RS 2009 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2009 N = 1008
Mean
= 4.400
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RS 2010 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2010 N = 1000
Mean
= 4.500
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RS 2011 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2011 N = 1001
Mean
= 4.800
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RS 2012 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2012 N = 1023
Mean
= 5.200
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study RS 2013 15+ aged, general public, Serbia, 2013 N = 1030
Mean
= 5.100
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SL 2006 15+ aged, general public, Sierra Leone, 2006 N = 1000
Mean
= 3.600
Burger & Veenhoven (2016): study SG 2006 15+ aged, general public, Singapore, 2006 N = 1095