Correlational finding on Happiness and UNCLASSIFIED
Subject code: X01

StudyVanEe & VanDijk (2005): study ZZ Western nations 2004
TitleThe Influences on Happiness: A Research on Happiness among Students in Utrecht and St. Louis.
SourceThesis, University of Utrecht. 2005, Netherlands
PublicUniversity students, USA and The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Respondents N =361

Author's labelpolitical values of the people I know
Page in Source 72-77
Our classificationUNCLASSIFIED, code X01
Please circle in the first column, next to the 
statement, the extent to which you agree with the 

Concerning politics for me it's important;

A That poor people pay less taxes than 
rich people
B That a destitute person has access to social services 
to meet their need
C That the government spend generously 
on aid for foreign development
D To live in a welfare state
E That the government spend generously 
on pluralism
F That environmental issues and conservation 
has the highest priority 
G That economic renewal has a high priority
H That in society, people appreciate diversity
I International conflicts are solved 
by an international authority 
J That women are voted into office in the next election
K To live in a society where success and opportunities 
are based on achievement
L That international conflicts are being resolved by 
compromises and negotiations

Rating: 1= strongly disagree….5= strongly agree
Summation: average
Observed distributionM = 2.72, SD = .377 St. Louis M = 2.77, SD= .386 Utrecht M = 2.66, SD= .359

Observed Relation with Happiness
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.04 ns
St.Louis r=-.05 ns
Utrecht  r= .01 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.04 ns
St.Louis r=-.05 ns
Utrecht  r= .03 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.01 ns
St.Louis r=.05 ns
Utrecht  r=.01 ns

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
10 satisfied

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.