Correlational finding on Happiness and Actual value-climate
Subject code: V03aa

StudyVanEe & VanDijk (2005): study ZZ Western nations 2004
TitleThe Influences on Happiness: A Research on Happiness among Students in Utrecht and St. Louis.
SourceThesis, University of Utrecht. 2005, Netherlands
PublicUniversity students, USA and The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Respondents N =361

Author's labeleducational values of the people I know
Page in Source 72-77
Our classificationActual value-climate, code V03aa
Please circle in the first column, next to the 
statement, the extent to which you agree with the 

Concerning an education for me it's important: 
A To have brilliant professors
B That teachers be especially friendly
C To do good academic work at the university
D That a student who scores high grades not be more 
appreciated than the average student
E To be the best student in class
F That the choice of major does not depend on gender
G To get better marks than my best friend in school
H That bad results are not a disaster
I That male students are allowed to cry
J To see the highest performing students as a model
K To solve conflicts by means of discussion

Rating: 1= strongly disagree...5= strongly agree
Summation: Average
Observed distributionM= 2.83 SD = .421 St. Louis M= 2.87, SD= .394 Utrecht M= 2.78, SD= .427

Observed Relation with Happiness
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.05 ns
St.Louis r=-.04 ns
Utrecht  r=-.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.09 p < .05
St.Louis r=-.08 ns
Utrecht  r=-.07 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.04 ns
St.Louis r= +.01 ns
Utrecht  r= -.05 ns

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
10 satisfied

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.