Correlational finding on Happiness and Similarity of own values with others
Subject code: V04ab

StudyVanEe & VanDijk (2005): study ZZ Western nations 2004
TitleThe Influences on Happiness: A Research on Happiness among Students in Utrecht and St. Louis.
SourceThesis, University of Utrecht. 2005, Netherlands
PublicUniversity students, USA and The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Respondents N =361

Author's labeldifference between political values of the people I know and me
Page in Source 72-77
Our classificationSimilarity of own values with others, code V04ab
Please circle in the first column, next to the 
statement, the extent to which you expect the people 
you know to agree with the statements:

Concerning politics for me it's important;
A That poor people pay less taxes than 
rich people
B That a destitute person has access to social services 
to meet their need
C That the government spend generously 
on aid for foreign development
D To live in a welfare state
E That the government spend generously 
on pluralism
F That environmental issues and conservation 
has the highest priority 
G That economic renewal has a high priority
H That in society, people appreciate diversity
I International conflicts are solved 
by an international authority 
J That women are voted into office in the next election
K To live in a society where success and opportunities 
are based on achievement
L That international conflicts are being resolved by 
compromises and negotiations

Rating: 1= strongly disagree .5= strongly agree
individual score minus score people I know
Summation: Average
Observed distributionM= .13, SD= .452
scores of political values the student thinks the 
people in his/her surrounding will respond minus 
his/her own scores on this value

Observed Relation with Happiness
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.08 p < .10
St.Louis r= -.10 (P< .10)
Utrecht  r= -.02   ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.08 p < .10
St.Louis r= -.11 (P< .10)
Utrecht  r= -.02  ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.07 ns
St.Louis r= -.08 ns
Utrecht  r= -.05 ns

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
10 satisfied

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.