Correlational finding on Happiness and Similarity of own values with others
Subject code: V04ab

StudyVanEe & VanDijk (2005): study ZZ Western nations 2004
TitleThe Influences on Happiness: A Research on Happiness among Students in Utrecht and St. Louis.
SourceThesis, University of Utrecht. 2005, Netherlands
PublicUniversity students, USA and The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =361

Correlate
Author's labeldifference between personal values of the people I know and me
Page in Source 72-77
Our classificationSimilarity of own values with others, code V04ab
Operationalization
Please circle in the first column, next to the 
statement, the extent to which you expect the people 
you know to agree with the statements:

Concerning a personal situation for me it's important: 

A To admire friends that perform 
extremely well in sports
B To support friends who are feeling down
C To own a big car
D To help busy family members with their
responsibilities
E To be able to spend a lot of money 
F To yield a free bus seat to an elderly lady
G To own luxurious products
H To save the last cookie for someone else
I That in a family men and women share
the same tasks
J That men be ambitious
K That a father be more 
rational than emotional
L That a man hit back when attacked
M That men are discouraged from crying
N That women are allowed to cry
O That a woman does not hit back when 
she is attacked
P That women especially concern themselves with human 
relations
Q That conflicts are being solved by compromises
R That people approach each other in a friendly way
S That good friends have a high social status
T That people are able to enjoy
events that are often taken 
for granted, like seeing the sunrise

Rating: 1 = strongly disagree .5 = strongly agree
individual score minus score people I know
Summation: Average
Observed distributionM= .23, SD= .421
Remarks
scores of personal values the student thinks the people 
in his/her surrounding will respond minus his/her own 
scores on this value

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.16 p < .01
St.Louis r= -.19 (P<.01)
Utrecht  r= -.07 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.09 p < .05
St.Louis r= -.13 (P<.05)
Utrecht  r= -.00  ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.13 p < .01
St.Louis r= - .19 (P<.01)
Utrecht  r= + .00    ns


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 no correlation ,
r = 1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl