Correlational finding on Happiness and Similarity of own values with others
Subject code: V04ab

StudyVanEe & VanDijk (2005): study ZZ Western nations 2004
TitleThe Influences on Happiness: A Research on Happiness among Students in Utrecht and St. Louis.
SourceThesis, University of Utrecht. 2005, Netherlands
PublicUniversity students, USA and The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Non-Response
Respondents N =361

Correlate
Author's labeldifference between work values of the people I know and me
Page in Source 72-77
Our classificationSimilarity of own values with others, code V04ab
Operationalization
Please circle in the first column, next to the 
statement, the extent to which you expect the people 
you know to agree with the statements:

Statements:

A Concerning work for me it's important 
B To work with my colleagues  harmoniously
C To be able to speak one’s mind even if it might harm 
the relationship with 
ones colleagues
D To have guaranteed job security
in present organisation
E To live to work
F To have a career with prestige
G To be thought ambitious by my colleagues 
H To have a manager who uses his/her intuition
I To have an assertive manager
J To have a decisive manager
K That there is an affirmative action policy at my 
place of work
L That there is an achievement oriented atmosphere
M That the income is related to my performance within 
my work
N To work to live
O That the best performers get the highest positions in 
the organization
P That there is a competitive atmosphere 
Q That everyone is equal and is treated in such a 
manner by his/her co-workers

Rating: 1= strongly disagree ….5= strongly agree
individual score minus score people I know
Summation: Average
Observed distributionM= .04, SD= .414
Remarks
scores of work values the student thinks the people in 
his/her surrounding will respond minus his/her own 
scores on this value

Observed Relation with Happiness
Happiness
Measure
StatisticsElaboration/Remarks
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=-.05 ns
St.Louis r= -.06 ns
Utrecht  r= -.04 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=-.07 ns
St.Louis r= -.07 ns
Utrecht  r= -.08 ns
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=-.08 ns
St.Louis r= -.16 (P<.05)
Utrecht  r= -.01  ns


Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10 satisfied


Appendix 2: Statistics used
SymbolExplanation
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

Meaning:
r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Source:
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
https://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl