Correlational finding on Happiness and Work values
Subject code: V02ab03

StudyVanEe & VanDijk (2005): study ZZ Western nations 2004
TitleThe Influences on Happiness: A Research on Happiness among Students in Utrecht and St. Louis.
SourceThesis, University of Utrecht. 2005, Netherlands
PublicUniversity students, USA and The Netherlands, 2004
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Respondents N =361

Author's labelindividual work values
Page in Source 68-71
Our classificationWork values, code V02ab03
Please circle in the first column, next to the 
statement, the extent to which you agree with the 

Concerning work for me it's important 
A To work with my colleagues  harmoniously
B To be able to speak one’s mind even if it might harm 
the relationship with 
ones colleagues
C To have guaranteed job security
in present organisation
D To live to work
E To have a career with prestige
F To be thought ambitious by my colleagues 
G To have a manager who uses his/her intuition
H To have an assertive manager
I To have a decisive manager
J That there is an affirmative action policy at my 
place of work
K That there is an achievement oriented atmosphere
L That the income is related to my performance within 
my work
M To work to live
N That the best performers get the highest positions in 
the organization
O That there is a competitive atmosphere 
P That everyone is equal and is treated in such a 
manner by his/her co-workers

Rating: 1 strongly disagree ...5= strongly agree
Summation: Average
Observed distributionM = 2.99, SD = .405 M St. Louis= 3.10, SD St.Louis= .418 M Utrecht= 2.87, SD St.Louis= .352

Observed Relation with Happiness
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aar=+.04 ns
St.Louis r= .06 ns
Utrecht  r= .08 ns
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-ar=+.10 p < .05
St.Louis r= +.15, p<.05
Utrecht  r= -.10, p<.10
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-ar=+.03 ns
St.Louis r= +.18, p<.01
Utrecht  r= +.02  ns

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used
CodeFull Text
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-aSelfreport on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-aSelfreport on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4 very happy
3 quite happy
2 not very happy
1 not at all happy.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aaSelfreport on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1 dissatisfied
10 satisfied

Appendix 2: Statistics used
rPRODUCT-MOMENT CORRELATION COEFFICIENT (Also "Pearson's correlation coefficient' or simply 'correlation coefficient')
Type: test statistic.
Measurement level: Correlate: metric, Happiness: metric
Range: [-1; +1]

r = 0 « no correlation ,
r = 1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with high happiness values, and
r = -1 « perfect correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness values.
Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.