Subject code: M02ab01a

Study | Bradburn (1969): study US 1963 |

Title | The Structure of Psychological Well-Being. |

Source | Aldine Publishing, 1969, Chicago, USA |

Public | 21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64 |

Sample | |

Non-Response | ± 20%, Attrition ± 30% |

Respondents N = | 2787 |

Correlate | |

Author's label | Never married vs. widowed |

Page in Source | 149 |

Our classification | Vs widowed, code M02ab01a |

Operationalization | 0 Widowed 1 Never married |

Observed Relation with Happiness | ||

Happiness Measure | Statistics | Elaboration/Remarks |

O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa | G=+.32 p < .01 | % very happy: males females - widowed 7 14 - never married 18 18 |

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a | DMr=+ ns | Happiness level in average ridits (RT) males females - widowed .38 .32 - never married .41 .42 (ns) (ns) Ridit analysis compares distribution in category with distribution in total sample. RT above .50 means relative high level, RT below .50 relative low level. |

O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa | tc=+.16 p < .01 |

Appendix 1: Happiness measures used

Code | Full Text |

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a | Selfreport on 10 questions: During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no) A Particularly exited or interested in something? B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair? C Proud because someone complimented you on something you had done? D Very lonely or remote from other people? E Pleased about having accomplished something? F Bored? G On top of the world? H Depressed or very unhappy? I That things were going your way? J Upset because someone criticized you? Answer options and scoring: yes = 1 no = 0 Summation: -Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I -Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J -Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -5 to +5 Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version) |

O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa | Selfreport on single question: Taken all together, how would you say things are these days? Would you say that you are....? 3 very happy 2 pretty happy 1 not too happy |

Appendix 2: Statistics used

Symbol | Explanation |

DMr | DIFFERENCE IN MEAN RIDITS Type: test statistic Measurement level: Happiness ordinal Range: [0; +1] Meaning: Mr < .50: average happiness in this subgroup lower than in the larger population Mr = .50: average happiness in this subgroup the same as in the larger population Mr > .50: average happiness in this subgroup higher than in the larger population 'Ridit analysis' compares the distribution of happiness scores in subgroups to its distribution in the entire sample ("Relative to an Identified Distribution") Testing for significance can be performed through a "BROSS Confidence Interval" (BCI). If all values the BCI for a subgroup are above/below 0.500, the subgroup is significantly more/less happy than the larger population. |

G | GOODMAN & Kruskal's GAMMA Type: test statistic Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happinessl: ordinal Range: [-1; +1] Meaning: G = 0 « no rank correlation G = +1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond to high happiness ratings. G = -1 « strongest possible rank correlation, where high correlate values correspond with low happiness ratings. |

tc | KENDALL'S TAU-C (Also referred to as Stuart's tau-c) Type: test statistic Measurement level: Correlate: ordinal, Happiness: ordinal Range: [-1; +1] Meaning: tc = 0 « no rank correlation tc = 1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with high happiness ratings. tc = -1 « perfect rank correlation, where high values of the correlate correspond with low happiness ratings. |

Ruut Veenhoven, World Database of Happiness, Collection of Correlational Findings, Erasmus University Rotterdam.

http://worlddatabaseofhappiness.eur.nl