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Equivalent measures

Distributional Findings on Happiness by nation using equivalent measure type: 19G - 11-step life-satisfaction plus imputation of missing cases

Measure Types

111A
2-step verbal happiness
111B
3-step verbal Happiness
111BA
3-step verbal Happiness B
111C
4-step verbal Happiness
111D
5-step verbal Happiness
111E
6-step verbal Happiness
111F
7-step verbal Happiness
112A
5-step numeral happiness
112B
6-step numeral happiness
112C
7-step numeral Happiness
112D
8-step numeral happiness
112E
9-step numeral happiness
112F
10-step numeral Happiness
112G
11-step numeral Happiness
113
3-step verbal Happy: Right-Wrong
121A
2-step verbal Lifesatisfaction
121B
3-step verbal LifeSatisfaction
121C
4-step verbal LifeSatisfaction
121D
5-step verbal LifeSatisfaction
121E
6-step verbal Lifesatisfaction
121F
7-step verbal LifeSatisfaction
122A
5-step numeral LifeSatisfaction
122B
11-step numeral LifeSatisfaction
122C
7-step numeral LifeSatisfaction
122D
8-step numeral LifeSatisfaction
122E
9-step numeral LifeSatisfaction
122F
10-step numeral LifeSatisfaction
122G
11-step numeral LifeSatisfaction
122H
101-step numeral LifeSatisfaction
13A
7-step verbal Delighted-Terrible life
13B
8-step verbal Delighted-Terrible life
15A
4-step verbal Qua;ity of Life
15B
5-step verbal Quality of Life
15C
7-step good-bad things in life
15E
10-step Quality-Of-Life
15F
11-step Quality-Of-Life
16
OVERALL: SATISFACTION WITH QUALITY OF LIFE
16A
4-step verbal Satisfaction with QOL
16B
5-step verbal Satisfaction with QOL
16C
7-step verbal Satisfaction with QOL
16D
7-step numeral Satisfaction with QOL
16F
11-step numeral satisfaction with QOL
18
OVERALL: FURTHER ITEMS
18A
Happiness + LifeSatisfaction in one question
18B
11-step Best-Worst Overall Happiness
19
OVERALL: MULTIPLE ITEMS
19A
2 item LifeSatisfaction
19B
3-item Overall Happiness
19C
2-item Happiness + LifeSatisfaction
19D
Diener's SWLS items on overall happiness
19E
Various questions on Happiness + LifeSatisfaction combined
19F
11step life-satisfaction estimated from responses about Affect and Contentment
19G
11-step life-satisfaction plus imputation of missing cases
21A
2-step verbal Average Affect
21C
4-step verbal Average Affect
21F
6-step verbal Average Affect
21G
10-step verbal Average Affect
21H
11-step verbal Average Affect
21I
7-step Pictorial Average Affect
21J
7-step numeral Average Affect
21K
10-step numeral Average Affect
21L
11-step numeral Average Affect
221
8-item Affect Balance Scale (Diener)
222
10-item Affect Balance Scale (Bradburn)
223
20 item Affect Balance Scale (Watson): PANAS
224
9-item Affect Balance (ESS)
231
5-step verbal Current Affect
24A
More days like yesterday
24B
Yesterday's overall affect
24C
5-item Yesterday's Affect Balance
24D
6 item yesterday Affect Balance
24E
10 item Yesterday Affect Balance
24F
11 item Yesterday's Affect Balance
24G
14-item Yesterday's Affect Balance
25C
Automatic face analysis
31
CONTENTMENT: LIFE CLOSE TO IDEAL
31A
5-step verbal Close to Ideal
31B
5-step numeral Close to Ideal
31C
7-step verbal Close to Ideal
31D
7-step numeral Close to Ideal
32A1
7-step verbal Best-Worst possible life
32A2
7-step numeral Best-Worst possible life
32B
9-step numeral Best-Worst possible life
32C
10-step Best-Worst possible life
32D
11-step numeral Best-Worst possible Life
33A
4-step verbal Realization of Goals
33B
7-step verbal Realization of Goals
33C
11-step numeral Succes in Goals
34A
2-step verbal Life fits Wants
34B
3-step verbal Life fits Wants
34C
4-step verbal Life fits Wants
34D
5-step verbal Life fits Wants
34E
10-step numerical Life fits Wants
34F
11-step numerical Life fits Wants
4
MIXED MEASURES
411A
2-step Feel happy
411B
3-step Feel Happy
411C
4-step Feel Happy
411D
5-step Feel Happy
411E
6-step Feel Happy
411F
7-step Feel Happy
411G
7-step Feel Happy
411H
10/11-step Feel Happy
412A
4-step verbal Tme Happy
412B
5-step verbal Time Happy
412C
6-step verbal Time Happy
413A
4-step verbal Pleasant Life
413B
5-step Pleasant Life
414
Happy days
421
Yesterday Affect Balance + Best-Worst possible life
432
Shortened Satisfaction with Life Scale
5
HAPPY LIFE YEARS
6
INEQUALITY of HAPPINESS
61
SD 11step Life-satisfaction
62
SD 11 step Contentment
7
INEQUALITY ADJUSTED HAPPINESS
Typical text:
All things considered, how satisfied or dissatisfied are you with your life as-a-whole these days?
10 very satisfied
:
0 not satisfied
Missing cases of average life-satisfaction in nations estimated on the basis of a combination of observed components of happiness in that nation:
1) Afffective component, measured using responses to multiple questions about yesterday's affective experience, from which an affect balance score was computed
2) Cognitive component, measured using responses to single question on Best-Worst possible life
Computation explained in EHERO Working Paper 2021-3 https://www.eur.nl/en/ehero/media/2021-03-ehero-workingpaper2021-3 How to complete the ranklist of happiness in nations

Afghanistan

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 4.20 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.02 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.43 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 4.85 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 4.92 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 4.78 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 4.13 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 4.82 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.12 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 3.85 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 3.89 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 3.52 Average 4.55

Albania

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.29 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.77 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.76 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.35 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.08 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.42 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.49 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.34 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.39 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.45 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.86 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.89 Average 5.67

Algeria

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.59 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.89 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.44 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.68 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.53 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.37 Average 5.73

Angola

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.19 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.25 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.06 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 4.72 Average 5.31

Argentina

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 7.18 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 7.02 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 6.49 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 7.17 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 7.33 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 7.68 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 7.46 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.57 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.54 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.44 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.11 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.00 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.24 Average 7.28

Armenia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 4.96 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.44 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 4.88 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 4.76 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.00 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 4.99 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.09 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.20 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.21 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.13 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.23 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.20 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.83 Average 5.15

Australia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 7.52 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 7.07 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 7.60 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 7.69 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 7.54 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.79 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.49 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.55 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.60 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.58 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.63 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.68 Average 7.56

Austria

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 7.62 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 7.23 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 7.70 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 7.94 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 7.93 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 8.06 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.47 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.60 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.63 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.79 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.94 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.83 Average 7.73

Azerbaijan

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 5.61 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.47 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.33 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.35 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.18 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.67 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.87 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.46 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.13 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.08 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.32 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.17 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.29 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.36 Average 5.88

Bahrein

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.05 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.30 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.39 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.72 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.27 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.56 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.87 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.91 Average 6.38

Bangladesh

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 5.66 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.90 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.95 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.17 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.05 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.36 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.25 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.17 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.02 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.02 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.83 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.93 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.38 Average 6.05

Belarus

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.66 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.39 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.52 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 3.91 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.82 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.06 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.85 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.79 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.47 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.67 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.45 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.06 Average 6.48

Belgium

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 7.63 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 7.12 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 7.30 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 7.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 7.51 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.72 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.35 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.41 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.51 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.51 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.53 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.44 Average 7.47

Belize

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.80 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.44 Average 6.62

Benin

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 3.91 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 3.73 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 4.48 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 3.95 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 4.37 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 3.97 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 4.11 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 4.46 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.07 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.91 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.32 Average 4.48

Bhutan

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.51 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.85 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.93 Average 6.10

Bolivia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.26 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.50 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.83 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.69 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.59 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.70 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.89 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.77 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.73 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.70 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.78 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.55 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.92 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.72 Average 6.62

Bosnia Herzegovina

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.95 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.70 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.56 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.06 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.87 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.24 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.21 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.10 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.33 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.23 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.96 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.09 Average 6.19

Botswana

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 5.19 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.32 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 4.28 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 4.43 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.46 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 4.90 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 4.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 4.49 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 4.37 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 4.30 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 4.43 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 4.43 Average 4.69

Brazil

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.87 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 6.72 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 7.19 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 7.22 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 7.47 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 7.10 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.67 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.36 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.98 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.98 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.88 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.87 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.09 Average 7.11

Bulgaria

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 4.59 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 4.55 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 4.61 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 4.95 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 4.88 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.10 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.46 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.57 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.72 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.83 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.86 Average 5.19

Burkina Faso

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 4.63 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 4.71 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 4.04 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 4.68 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.37 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 4.67 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 4.37 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 4.33 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 4.93 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 4.93 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.20 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.62 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.45 Average 4.84

Burundi

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 3.60 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 4.25 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 4.47 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 3.74 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 4.51 Average 4.12

Cambodia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 4.68 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 4.93 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.07 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.02 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.27 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.08 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 4.91 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 4.86 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.17 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.54 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.57 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.09 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.03 Average 5.25

Cameroon

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 4.53 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 4.93 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 4.39 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.01 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.00 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.02 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 4.91 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.09 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 4.90 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.43 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.37 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.50 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.76 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.55 Average 5.10

Canada

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 7.92 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 7.57 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 7.75 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 8.03 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 7.99 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 8.18 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.79 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.87 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.88 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 8.03 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.88 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.82 Average 7.89

Central African Republic

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 4.99 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 4.53 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 4.71 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 3.92 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 4.43 Average 4.51

Chad

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 4.67 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.22 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.15 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 4.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 4.79 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.44 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.12 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 4.77 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 4.62 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.30 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.09 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.45 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.42 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.35 Average 5.07

Chile

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.49 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.17 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.82 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.65 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.91 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.93 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 7.04 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.27 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.20 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.88 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.12 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.87 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.06 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.63 Average 6.79

China

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.01 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.23 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.81 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.71 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.99 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.47 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.51 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.74 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.59 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.59 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.75 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.51 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.67 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.75 Average 6.38

Colombia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 7.28 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 7.39 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 6.97 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 7.34 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 7.58 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 7.73 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 7.69 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.98 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.69 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.59 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.55 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.50 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.76 Average 7.55

Comoros

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 4.51 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 4.94 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.04 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.07 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.21 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.70 Average 5.08

Congo (Brazzaville)

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 4.06 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.12 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 4.63 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 4.80 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 4.62 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.23 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 4.88 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.36 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.85 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.73 Average 5.03

Congo (Kinshasa)

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 4.54 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.37 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.49 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.47 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.12 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 4.77 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.47 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.06 Average 5.16

Costa Rica

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 7.82 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 8.07 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 7.19 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 8.04 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 7.93 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 7.97 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 8.05 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 8.01 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.89 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.62 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.97 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 8.02 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 8.00 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.91 Average 7.89

Croatia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.39 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.01 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.26 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.21 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.73 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.68 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.14 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.03 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.27 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.23 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.44 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.51 Average 6.33

Cuba

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.06 Average 6.06

Cyprus

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.88 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.99 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.86 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 7.20 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.76 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.25 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.24 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.13 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.54 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.78 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.01 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.93 Average 6.71

Czech Republic

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.70 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.42 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.56 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.59 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.05 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.71 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.89 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.12 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.09 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.39 Average 6.85

Côte d'Ivoire

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 4.76 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 4.81 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 4.45 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.09 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.28 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.88 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.94 Average 5.23

Denmark

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 8.30 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 7.96 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 7.91 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 8.21 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 8.32 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 8.12 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 8.35 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 8.07 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 8.09 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 8.26 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 8.24 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 8.38 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 8.47 Average 8.21

Djibouti

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.58 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.58 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.41 Average 5.52

Dominican Republic

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 7.04 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 7.04 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 6.36 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 7.12 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.74 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 7.36 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.89 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.19 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.30 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.00 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.30 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.54 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.49 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.98 Average 7.17

Ecuador

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.17 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.20 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 6.02 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.82 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.84 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.92 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 7.00 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.20 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.95 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.95 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.15 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.94 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.28 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.96 Average 6.81

Egypt

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.26 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.22 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.72 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.55 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.20 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.21 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 4.78 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.73 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.68 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.63 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.04 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.26 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.51 Average 5.44

El Salvador

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.69 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.39 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.85 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 7.33 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 7.31 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.96 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.81 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.24 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.73 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.84 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.99 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.24 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.27 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.45 Average 6.86

Estonia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.17 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.17 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.75 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.73 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.33 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.26 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.40 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.36 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.48 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.61 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.89 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.08 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.06 Average 6.41

Ethiopia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.63 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.55 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.44 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.53 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.44 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.19 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.50 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.27 Average 5.45

Finland

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 7.96 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 7.59 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 7.75 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 7.80 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 7.89 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.99 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.79 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.83 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 8.15 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 8.22 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 8.35 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 8.28 Average 7.97

France

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.54 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 6.41 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.09 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.68 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.90 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.69 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.87 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.56 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.47 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.62 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.73 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.81 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.84 Average 6.63

Gabon

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.22 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 4.92 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 4.90 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 4.85 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.42 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.62 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.55 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.67 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.82 Average 5.33

Gambia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.36 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.94 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.09 Average 5.79

Georgia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 4.62 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 4.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 4.55 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 4.58 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 4.95 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.15 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.25 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.49 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.25 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.09 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.48 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.48 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.70 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.91 Average 5.15

Germany

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.93 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 6.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.98 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 7.20 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 7.26 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 7.35 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.57 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.46 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.49 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.46 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.58 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.71 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.65 Average 7.33

Ghana

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 5.18 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.67 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.12 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 4.81 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.27 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.09 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.76 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.68 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 4.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 4.75 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.21 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.98 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.75 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.67 Average 5.40

Greece

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.96 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.22 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.17 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.88 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.67 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.45 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.41 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.19 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.98 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.77 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.17 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.60 Average 6.04

Guatemala

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.90 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 7.25 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 6.90 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 7.15 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 7.20 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.86 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.94 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.14 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.39 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.35 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.38 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.34 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.72 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.40 Average 7.21

Guinea

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.14 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 4.83 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.00 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 4.49 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 4.67 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 4.79 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.69 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.09 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.66 Average 5.15

Guyana

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.54 Average 6.54

Haiti

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 4.98 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 4.68 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 4.92 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.94 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.59 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.76 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.09 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 4.88 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 4.75 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.13 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.04 Average 5.16

Honduras

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.76 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.40 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 6.24 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.91 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.92 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.34 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.13 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.29 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.37 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.25 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.96 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.26 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.26 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.27 Average 6.67

Hong Kong

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.76 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 6.04 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.53 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.83 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.83 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.86 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.70 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.86 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.72 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.89 Average 6.70

Hungary

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.81 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.56 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.57 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.76 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.61 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.92 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.97 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.14 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.31 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.86 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.79 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.92 Average 6.10

Iceland

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 7.07 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 8.13 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 8.13 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.94 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 8.10 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 8.08 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 8.15 Average 7.94

India

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.18 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.86 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.53 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.34 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.80 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.67 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.56 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.45 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.36 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.33 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.22 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.09 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 4.57 Average 5.47

Indonesia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.05 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.15 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.49 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.33 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.42 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.30 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.53 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.55 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.59 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.17 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.27 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.26 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.56 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.58 Average 6.30

Iran

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.78 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.22 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.40 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.19 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.70 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.19 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.27 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.34 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.45 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.05 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.68 Average 5.39

Iraq

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 4.37 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 4.79 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.14 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 4.86 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 4.87 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 4.74 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 4.62 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 4.69 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 4.70 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.50 Average 4.83

Ireland

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 7.31 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 7.24 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 7.01 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 7.35 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 7.28 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 7.20 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.12 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.14 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.02 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.32 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.33 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.33 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.54 Average 7.25

Israel

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 7.50 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 7.22 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 7.10 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 7.42 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 7.52 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 7.72 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 7.50 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.71 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.50 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.61 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.74 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.52 Average 7.52

Italy

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.95 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 6.65 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.65 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.70 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.63 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.40 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.73 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.53 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.41 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.59 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.74 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.00 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.01 Average 6.69

Jamaica

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.83 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.27 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.50 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.04 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.66 Average 6.46

Japan

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.49 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.87 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.08 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.40 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.45 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.55 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.30 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.32 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.46 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.40 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.37 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.50 Average 6.37

Jordan

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.34 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.33 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.41 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.16 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.30 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.91 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.18 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.10 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.19 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.16 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.71 Average 6.07

Kazakhstan

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.27 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.42 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 6.17 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.05 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.28 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.58 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.63 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.74 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.71 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.71 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.50 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.77 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.92 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.22 Average 6.57

Kenya

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 4.81 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.11 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 4.32 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 4.72 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 4.94 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.04 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.15 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 4.75 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.41 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 4.96 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.10 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.16 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.36 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.33 Average 5.01

Korea (South)

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 5.66 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.09 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.34 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.84 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.37 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 7.08 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.37 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.45 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.07 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.10 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.39 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.24 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.36 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.42 Average 6.20

Kuwait

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.71 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.73 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 7.06 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.95 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.95 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.03 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.57 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.51 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.60 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.73 Average 6.78

Kyrgyzstan

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.06 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.11 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.68 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.14 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.29 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.36 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.58 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.88 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.57 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.36 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.49 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.00 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.82 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.12 Average 6.46

Laos

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.08 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.27 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.53 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.81 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.85 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.68 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.95 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.26 Average 5.93

Latvia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 5.74 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.70 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.63 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.40 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.93 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.06 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.18 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.52 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.61 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.80 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.78 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.82 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.86 Average 6.23

Lebanon

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 5.52 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 4.99 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.66 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.71 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.01 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.49 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.84 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.03 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.02 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.18 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.05 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.10 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 4.94 Average 5.73

Lesotho

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.94 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.07 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.06 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 4.92 Average 5.25

Liberia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 4.07 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 4.16 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 4.57 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 4.70 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 3.32 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 3.93 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 4.83 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 4.66 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.43 Average 4.41

Libya

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.61 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.42 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.39 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.52 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.48 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.37 Average 6.47

Lithuania

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.23 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.06 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.40 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.58 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.38 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.84 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.13 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.08 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.35 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.04 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.29 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.62 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.66 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.47 Average 6.08

Luxembourg

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 7.29 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 7.56 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 7.72 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 7.60 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.71 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.51 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.32 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.70 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.90 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 8.05 Average 7.63

Madagascar

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 4.57 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 4.51 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 4.71 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 4.29 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 4.59 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 4.37 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 4.33 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 4.52 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 4.62 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 4.72 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 4.96 Average 4.56

Malawi

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 5.07 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.93 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.01 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.21 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.63 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.49 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.62 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.06 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 4.80 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 4.75 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 4.72 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.10 Average 5.28

Malaysia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.62 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.86 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 6.13 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.07 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.35 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.70 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.78 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.55 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.60 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.84 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.42 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.53 Average 6.54

Mali

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 4.74 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 4.35 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 4.56 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 4.55 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.35 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.06 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 4.65 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 4.72 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.12 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 4.84 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.23 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.13 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.53 Average 4.91

Malta

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.75 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.44 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.91 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.76 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.11 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.01 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.16 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.27 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.38 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.66 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.47 Average 7.08

Mauritania

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.26 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 4.92 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.35 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.76 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.84 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.81 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.53 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.57 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.19 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.63 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.47 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.40 Average 5.49

Mauritius

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.26 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.42 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.48 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.91 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.82 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.13 Average 6.67

Mexico

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 7.81 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 7.66 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 8.02 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 8.01 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 8.17 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 8.45 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 8.69 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.96 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.58 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 8.24 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.89 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 8.13 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 8.01 Average 8.05

Moldova

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 5.57 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.22 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.38 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.62 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.83 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.08 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.24 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.21 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.16 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.24 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.05 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.82 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.17 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.32 Average 5.92

Mongolia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.53 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 5.05 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.63 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.06 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.95 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.03 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.79 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.91 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.15 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.28 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.47 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.62 Average 5.96

Montenegro

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.08 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.57 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.19 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.16 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.16 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 6.16 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 6.16 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 6.07 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.33 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 6.47 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 6.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.45 Average 6.20

Morocco

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.79 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.62 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.95 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.70 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 6.07 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.77 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.54 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.64 Average 5.76

Mozambique

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 4.89 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.13 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 4.53 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 5.28 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 4.82 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 4.77 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.10 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.29 Average 4.97

Myanmar

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.56 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.48 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.91 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.37 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.71 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.30 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.60 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.62 Average 5.57

Namibia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.87 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.55 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.50 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.93 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 5.58 Average 5.69

Nepal

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 5.43 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 5.51 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 4.94 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 5.34 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 5.13 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 4.88 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 5.23 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 5.47 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 5.58 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 5.34 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 5.74 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 5.39 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 5.58 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 6.01 Average 5.40

Netherlands

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 7.61 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 7.33 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 7.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 7.84 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 7.76 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.80 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.58 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.58 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.85 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.81 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.89 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.84 Average 7.71

New Zealand

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 7.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 7.80 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 7.22 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 7.47 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 7.60 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 7.68 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.81 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.64 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2015 7.76 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2016 7.69 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2017 7.76 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2018 7.91 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2019 7.75 Average 7.67

Nicaragua

Finding Measure Code Year Original (0 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2006 6.04 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2007 6.41 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2008 6.09 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2009 6.51 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2010 6.95 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2011 6.80 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2012 6.92 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2013 7.27 O-SLW-*-ds-nt-11-a 2014 7.42