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Equivalent measures

Distributional Findings of Happiness by nation using measure type: 122F - 10-step numeral LifeSatisfaction

Measure Types

111A
2-step verbal happiness
111B
3-step verbal Happiness
111BA
3-step verbal Happiness B
111C
4-step verbal Happiness
111D
5-step verbal Happiness
111E
6-step verbal Happiness
111F
7-step verbal Happiness
112A
5-step numeral happiness
112B
6-step numeral happiness
112C
7-step numeral Happiness
112D
8-step numeral happiness
112E
9-step numeral happiness
112F
10-step numeral Happiness
112G
11-step numeral Happiness
113
3-step verbal Happy: Right-Wrong
121A
2-step verbal Lifesatisfaction
121B
3-step verbal LifeSatisfaction
121C
4-step verbal LifeSatisfaction
121D
5-step verbal LifeSatisfaction
121E
6-step verbal Lifesatisfaction
121F
7-step verbal LifeSatisfaction
122A
5-step numeral LifeSatisfaction
122B
11-step numeral LifeSatisfaction
122C
7-step numeral LifeSatisfaction
122D
8-step numeral LifeSatisfaction
122E
9-step numeral LifeSatisfaction
122F
10-step numeral LifeSatisfaction
122G
11-step numeral LifeSatisfaction
122H
101-step numeral LifeSatisfaction
13A
7-step verbal Delighted-Terrible life
13B
8-step verbal Delighted-Terrible life
15A
4-step verbal Qua;ity of Life
15B
5-step verbal Quality of Life
15C
7-step good-bad things in life
15E
10-step Quality-Of-Life
15F
11-step Quality-Of-Life
16
OVERALL: SATISFACTION WITH QUALITY OF LIFE
16A
4-step verbal Satisfaction with QOL
16B
5-step verbal Satisfaction with QOL
16C
7-step verbal Satisfaction with QOL
16D
7-step numeral Satisfaction with QOL
16F
11-step numeral satisfaction with QOL
18
OVERALL: FURTHER ITEMS
18A
Happiness + LifeSatisfaction in one question
18B
11-step Best-Worst Overall Happiness
19
OVERALL: MULTIPLE ITEMS
19A
2 item LifeSatisfaction
19B
3-item Overall Happiness
19C
2-item Happiness + LifeSatisfaction
19D
Diener's SWLS items on overall happiness
19E
Various questions on Happiness + LifeSatisfaction combined
19F
11step life-satisfaction estimated from responses about Affect and Contentment
19G
11-step life-satisfaction plus imputation of missing cases
21A
2-step verbal Average Affect
21C
4-step verbal Average Affect
21F
6-step verbal Average Affect
21G
10-step verbal Average Affect
21H
11-step verbal Average Affect
21I
7-step Pictorial Average Affect
21J
7-step numeral Average Affect
21K
10-step numeral Average Affect
21L
11-step numeral Average Affect
221
8-item Affect Balance Scale (Diener)
222
10-item Affect Balance Scale (Bradburn)
223
20 item Affect Balance Scale (Watson): PANAS
224
9-item Affect Balance (ESS)
231
5-step verbal Current Affect
24A
More days like yesterday
24B
Yesterday's overall affect
24C
5-item Yesterday's Affect Balance
24D
6 item yesterday Affect Balance
24E
10 item Yesterday Affect Balance
24F
11 item Yesterday's Affect Balance
24G
14-item Yesterday's Affect Balance
25C
Automatic face analysis
31
CONTENTMENT: LIFE CLOSE TO IDEAL
31A
5-step verbal Close to Ideal
31B
5-step numeral Close to Ideal
31C
7-step verbal Close to Ideal
31D
7-step numeral Close to Ideal
32A1
7-step verbal Best-Worst possible life
32A2
7-step numeral Best-Worst possible life
32B
9-step numeral Best-Worst possible life
32C
10-step Best-Worst possible life
32D
11-step numeral Best-Worst possible Life
33A
4-step verbal Realization of Goals
33B
7-step verbal Realization of Goals
33C
11-step numeral Succes in Goals
34A
2-step verbal Life fits Wants
34B
3-step verbal Life fits Wants
34C
4-step verbal Life fits Wants
34D
5-step verbal Life fits Wants
34E
10-step numerical Life fits Wants
34F
11-step numerical Life fits Wants
4
MIXED MEASURES
411A
2-step Feel happy
411B
3-step Feel Happy
411C
4-step Feel Happy
411D
5-step Feel Happy
411E
6-step Feel Happy
411F
7-step Feel Happy
411G
7-step Feel Happy
411H
10/11-step Feel Happy
412A
4-step verbal Tme Happy
412B
5-step verbal Time Happy
412C
6-step verbal Time Happy
413A
4-step verbal Pleasant Life
413B
5-step Pleasant Life
414
Happy days
421
Yesterday Affect Balance + Best-Worst possible life
432
Shortened Satisfaction with Life Scale
5
HAPPY LIFE YEARS
6
INEQUALITY of HAPPINESS
61
SD 11step Life-satisfaction
62
SD 11 step Contentment
7
INEQUALITY ADJUSTED HAPPINESS
Typical text:
All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now?
10 satisfied
.: .
1 dissatisfied

Albania

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1998 4.77 1.82 4.18 2.02 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2002 5.17 2.25 4.63 2.50 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2018 7.19 2.47 6.88 2.74 Average 5.71 2.18 5.23 2.42

Algeria

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2002 5.67 2.86 5.19 3.18 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2014 6.30 2.41 5.89 2.67 Average 5.98 2.63 5.54 2.93

Andorra

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 7.14 1.62 6.82 1.80 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 7.53 1.64 7.26 1.82 Average 7.34 1.63 7.04 1.81

Argentina

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1984 6.80 2.10 6.44 2.34 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 7.25 2.03 6.95 2.25 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1995 6.92 2.32 6.58 2.58 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 7.33 2.26 7.03 2.51 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2006 7.79 1.91 7.54 2.12 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2013 7.49 1.62 7.21 1.80 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2017 7.69 1.80 7.44 2.00 Average 7.32 2.01 7.03 2.23

Armenia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1997 4.32 2.37 3.69 2.63 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2011 5.24 2.55 4.71 2.83 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2018 6.39 2.22 5.99 2.46 Average 5.32 2.38 4.80 2.64

Australia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 7.88 1.75 7.65 1.94 O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-b 1984 8.20 8.00 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1995 7.55 1.87 7.28 2.08 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 7.28 1.81 6.98 2.01 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 7.20 2.05 6.89 2.28 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 7.28 1.84 6.98 2.05 Average 7.57 1.86 7.30 2.07

Austria

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 6.51 3.37 6.12 3.75 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 8.02 1.91 7.80 2.12 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 7.76 1.78 7.51 1.97 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 6.95 2.17 6.61 2.41 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 7.90 7.67 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2018 7.87 1.82 7.64 2.02 Average 7.50 2.21 7.22 2.45

Azerbaijan

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 5.39 2.29 4.88 2.55 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2011 6.67 2.24 6.30 2.49 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2018 6.36 2.10 5.96 2.33 Average 6.14 2.21 5.71 2.46

Bangladesh

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 6.41 2.25 6.01 2.50 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2002 5.77 2.18 5.30 2.42 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 7.60 1.86 7.33 2.07 Average 6.59 2.09 6.21 2.33

Belarus

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 5.52 2.24 5.02 2.49 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 4.35 2.19 3.72 2.43 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2000 4.81 2.21 4.23 2.46 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2011 5.78 2.12 5.31 2.36 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2018 6.85 2.05 6.50 2.28 Average 5.46 2.16 4.96 2.40

Belgium

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 7.39 1.78 7.10 1.97 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 7.65 1.89 7.39 2.10 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 7.56 2.06 7.29 2.29 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 7.48 1.60 7.20 1.78 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 7.54 1.73 7.27 1.92 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 7.30 7.00 Average 7.49 1.81 7.21 2.01

Bolivia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2017 7.47 2.06 7.19 2.29 Average 7.47 2.06 7.19 2.29

Bosnia Herzegovina

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1997 5.46 2.21 4.96 2.46 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 5.77 2.38 5.30 2.65 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2019 7.73 2.20 7.47 2.45 Average 6.32 2.27 5.91 2.52

Brazil

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 7.39 2.39 7.10 2.65 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 7.15 2.68 6.84 2.97 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2006 7.65 2.10 7.39 2.33 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2014 7.84 2.21 7.60 2.46 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 7.54 2.33 7.27 2.59 Average 7.51 2.34 7.24 2.60

Bulgaria

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 5.03 2.29 4.48 2.55 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1997 4.66 2.40 4.06 2.67 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1997 5.34 2.69 4.82 2.98 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 4.41 2.31 3.79 2.57 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2006 5.22 2.27 4.69 2.53 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 5.01 2.07 4.46 2.30 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 5.60 5.11 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2017 6.20 2.57 5.78 2.85 Average 5.18 2.37 4.65 2.64

Burkina Faso

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 5.57 2.18 5.08 2.42 Average 5.57 2.18 5.08 2.42

Canada

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1982 7.85 1.73 7.61 1.93 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 7.88 1.74 7.65 1.93 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2000 7.80 1.86 7.55 2.07 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j 2003 7.90 1.64 7.67 1.82 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j 2005 7.73 1.63 7.48 1.81 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j 2006 7.98 1.64 7.76 1.82 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j 2008 7.91 1.72 7.68 1.91 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j 2009 8.32 1.61 8.13 1.79 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j 2010 7.60 1.78 7.33 1.98 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2020 6.97 1.84 6.63 2.04 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2021 7.04 1.81 6.71 2.01 Average 7.73 1.73 7.47 1.92

Chile

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 7.55 2.21 7.28 2.46 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 6.91 2.14 6.56 2.37 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2000 7.12 2.16 6.80 2.39 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 7.16 2.04 6.84 2.26 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 7.27 1.82 6.97 2.02 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 7.01 2.06 6.68 2.28 Average 7.17 2.07 6.86 2.30

China

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 7.13 2.17 6.82 2.41 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1995 6.80 2.44 6.44 2.72 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 6.53 2.47 6.14 2.74 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2007 6.76 2.40 6.40 2.67 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2013 6.85 1.98 6.50 2.20 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 7.37 2.04 7.07 2.26 Average 6.91 2.25 6.56 2.50

Colombia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1998 8.32 1.99 8.13 2.21 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 8.30 1.95 8.11 2.16 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 8.38 1.79 8.20 1.99 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 8.19 2.15 7.99 2.39 Average 8.29 1.97 8.11 2.19

Croatia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1995 6.18 2.13 5.76 2.37 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 6.46 2.33 6.07 2.59 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 6.44 2.23 6.04 2.48 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 6.30 5.89 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2017 7.46 2.17 7.17 2.41 Average 6.57 2.22 6.19 2.46

Cyprus

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 7.20 2.09 6.89 2.32 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 7.37 1.98 7.08 2.20 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 7.05 2.19 6.72 2.43 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2011 7.17 2.04 6.85 2.26 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 6.50 6.11 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2019 6.91 2.14 6.57 2.38 Average 7.03 2.09 6.70 2.32

Czech Republic

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1998 7.06 1.95 6.74 2.16 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 6.49 2.13 6.10 2.37 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 6.59 2.10 6.21 2.33 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 6.50 6.11 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2017 7.50 1.97 7.22 2.19 Average 6.83 2.04 6.47 2.26

Denmark

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 8.19 1.74 7.99 1.94 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 8.16 1.89 7.96 2.10 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 8.24 1.82 8.04 2.02 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 8.38 1.52 8.20 1.69 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 8.48 1.64 8.31 1.82 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 8.20 8.00 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2017 7.90 1.86 7.67 2.06 Average 8.22 1.75 8.03 1.94

Dominican Republic

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 7.13 2.46 6.81 2.74 Average 7.13 2.46 6.81 2.74

Ecuador

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2013 7.92 1.73 7.69 1.93 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 7.78 2.35 7.53 2.61 Average 7.85 2.04 7.61 2.27

Egypt

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2000 5.36 3.35 4.84 3.72 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2006 5.74 2.69 5.27 2.99 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 4.85 2.84 4.28 3.16 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 5.87 2.31 5.41 2.57 Average 5.46 2.80 4.95 3.11

El Salvador

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 7.50 2.43 7.22 2.70 Average 7.50 2.43 7.22 2.70

Estonia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 6.00 2.13 5.56 2.37 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 5.00 2.27 4.44 2.52 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 5.89 2.19 5.44 2.43 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 5.85 2.02 5.39 2.25 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 6.72 1.89 6.36 2.10 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2011 6.25 2.07 5.83 2.30 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 6.70 6.33 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2018 7.23 1.89 6.93 2.10 Average 6.21 2.07 5.78 2.30

Ethiopia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 4.99 2.01 4.43 2.23 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2020 5.78 2.84 5.31 3.15 Average 5.38 2.42 4.87 2.69

Finland

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 7.91 1.41 7.67 1.56 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 7.68 1.88 7.42 2.09 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 7.78 1.54 7.53 1.71 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2000 7.87 1.67 7.64 1.86 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 8.04 1.51 7.83 1.68 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 7.84 1.75 7.60 1.94 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 8.23 1.29 8.03 1.43 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 8.10 7.89 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2017 7.90 1.67 7.66 1.86 Average 7.93 1.59 7.70 1.77

France

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 6.70 2.10 6.33 2.33 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 6.78 1.98 6.43 2.19 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 6.93 2.03 6.59 2.25 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 6.92 1.64 6.57 1.83 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2006 6.91 1.90 6.57 2.11 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 7.32 1.67 7.02 1.86 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 7.20 6.89 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2018 7.26 1.95 6.96 2.17 Average 7.00 1.90 6.67 2.11

Georgia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 4.68 2.61 4.09 2.90 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2014 5.45 2.44 4.94 2.71 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2018 6.71 2.79 6.35 3.10 Average 5.61 2.61 5.12 2.90

Germany

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1997 7.61 1.79 7.34 1.99 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 7.61 1.79 7.34 1.99 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 7.23 1.94 6.92 2.16 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 7.16 2.25 6.84 2.50 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2013 7.37 1.96 7.07 2.18 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 7.30 7.00 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2017 7.64 1.83 7.37 2.03 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 7.74 1.69 7.49 1.87 Average 7.46 1.89 7.17 2.10

Ghana

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 6.12 2.63 5.69 2.92 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 6.14 2.40 5.71 2.67 Average 6.13 2.52 5.70 2.80

Greece

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 6.67 2.19 6.30 2.43 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 6.78 2.22 6.42 2.46 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 6.58 2.08 6.20 2.31 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 5.30 4.78 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2017 6.17 2.07 5.74 2.30 Average 6.30 2.14 5.89 2.38

Guatemala

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2019 7.52 2.13 7.25 2.37 Average 7.52 2.13 7.25 2.37

Haiti

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2016 5.59 2.60 5.10 2.89 Average 5.59 2.60 5.10 2.89

Hong Kong

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 6.41 1.93 6.01 2.14 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2014 6.85 1.84 6.50 2.04 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 6.66 1.89 6.28 2.10 Average 6.64 1.89 6.26 2.10

Hungary

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 6.93 2.43 6.59 2.69 O-SLu-h-sq-n-10-a 1982 6.95 2.30 6.61 2.56 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-f 1982 3.87 2.17 3.19 2.41 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 6.03 2.45 5.59 2.72 O-SLu-h-sq-n-10-a 1993 6.04 2.29 5.60 2.55 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1998 5.86 2.27 5.40 2.53 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 5.70 2.44 5.22 2.71 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 5.94 2.17 5.49 2.41 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 5.59 2.25 5.10 2.50 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 6.50 6.11 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2018 7.14 2.14 6.83 2.37 Average 6.05 2.29 5.61 2.55

Iceland

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 8.09 1.62 7.88 1.80 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 8.02 1.60 7.80 1.77 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 8.05 1.59 7.83 1.77 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2017 8.06 1.65 7.84 1.83 Average 8.05 1.61 7.84 1.79

India

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 6.26 2.42 5.84 2.69 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 6.53 2.64 6.15 2.93 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 6.52 2.28 6.13 2.53 Average 6.44 2.45 6.04 2.72

Indonesia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 6.95 2.06 6.62 2.29 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 6.91 2.16 6.56 2.40 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 7.56 2.38 7.29 2.65 Average 7.14 2.20 6.83 2.44

Iran

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2000 6.38 2.41 5.97 2.68 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 6.42 2.40 6.03 2.67 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2020 6.20 2.62 5.78 2.92 Average 6.33 2.48 5.93 2.76

Iraq

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2004 5.23 2.40 4.70 2.67 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 4.46 2.42 3.85 2.69 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2013 5.92 2.18 5.47 2.42 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 4.47 1.90 3.85 2.11 Average 5.02 2.23 4.46 2.47

Ireland

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 7.71 1.89 7.45 2.10 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 8.15 1.86 7.94 2.06 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 7.88 1.92 7.64 2.14 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 8.16 1.81 7.96 2.01 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 7.66 1.75 7.40 1.95 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 7.59 1.83 7.32 2.03 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 7.70 7.44 Average 7.84 1.84 7.59 2.05

Israel

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 7.02 2.18 6.69 2.42 Average 7.02 2.18 6.69 2.42

Italy

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 6.69 2.45 6.32 2.72 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 7.30 2.06 7.00 2.29 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 7.17 2.11 6.85 2.35 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 7.21 1.60 6.90 1.78 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 6.89 1.74 6.54 1.94 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 6.59 1.77 6.21 1.97 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 6.60 6.22 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2018 7.28 1.83 6.97 2.03 Average 6.97 1.94 6.63 2.15

Japan

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 6.59 1.88 6.22 2.09 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 6.53 1.75 6.14 1.94 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1995 6.72 1.83 6.36 2.03 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2000 6.48 1.97 6.09 2.19 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 6.99 1.81 6.66 2.01 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2010 6.91 1.98 6.57 2.20 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2019 6.76 1.92 6.40 2.13 Average 6.71 1.88 6.35 2.08

Jordan

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 5.65 2.54 5.16 2.82 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 7.12 2.86 6.80 3.18 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2014 6.61 2.24 6.23 2.49 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 6.86 2.42 6.52 2.69 Average 6.56 2.51 6.18 2.79

Kazakhstan

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j 2010 6.78 6.42 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2011 7.24 2.10 6.93 2.34 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 6.92 2.13 6.57 2.37 Average 6.98 2.12 6.64 2.35

Korea (South)

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 5.34 2.13 4.82 2.37 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 6.69 2.38 6.32 2.64 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 6.21 2.32 5.79 2.58 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 6.35 1.94 5.95 2.15 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2010 6.51 1.82 6.12 2.02 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 6.73 1.26 6.36 1.40 Average 6.30 1.97 5.89 2.19

Kuwait

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2014 7.21 2.28 6.90 2.53 Average 7.21 2.28 6.90 2.53

Kyrgyzstan

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2003 6.48 2.57 6.09 2.86 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2011 6.97 2.17 6.63 2.41 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2019 8.40 2.28 8.22 2.54 Average 7.28 2.34 6.98 2.60

Latvia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 5.70 2.44 5.23 2.71 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 4.90 2.22 4.33 2.46 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 5.27 2.39 4.74 2.66 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 5.54 2.11 5.05 2.35 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 6.04 2.12 5.60 2.36 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 6.30 5.89 Average 5.62 2.25 5.14 2.51

Lebanon

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2013 6.51 2.12 6.12 2.35 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 6.68 1.56 6.31 1.74 Average 6.60 1.84 6.21 2.04

Libya

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2014 7.25 2.54 6.94 2.83 Average 7.25 2.54 6.94 2.83

Lithuania

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 6.01 2.35 5.57 2.61 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 4.98 2.61 4.42 2.90 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 5.09 2.64 4.54 2.93 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 5.41 2.17 4.90 2.41 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 6.32 2.01 5.91 2.23 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 6.50 6.11 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2018 6.75 2.05 6.39 2.28 Average 5.87 2.30 5.41 2.56

Luxembourg

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 7.87 1.85 7.63 2.06 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 7.67 1.94 7.41 2.15 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 7.90 1.86 7.67 2.07 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2008 7.85 2.04 7.61 2.27 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 7.90 7.67 Average 7.84 1.92 7.60 2.14

Macao

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2019 6.46 1.70 6.06 1.88 Average 6.46 1.70 6.06 1.88

Malaysia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 6.84 1.78 6.49 1.98 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 7.13 1.80 6.82 2.00 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 6.99 1.74 6.66 1.93 Average 6.99 1.78 6.66 1.97

Mali

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 6.09 2.59 5.66 2.88 Average 6.09 2.59 5.66 2.88

Malta

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 8.21 1.62 8.01 1.80 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 7.26 1.98 6.96 2.20 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 7.56 1.97 7.29 2.19 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 7.60 7.33 Average 7.66 1.86 7.40 2.06

Mexico

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 7.97 1.77 7.75 1.97 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 7.41 2.16 7.12 2.40 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 7.54 2.16 7.26 2.40 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2000 8.13 2.40 7.92 2.67 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 8.23 2.05 8.03 2.28 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 8.50 1.94 8.34 2.16 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 8.15 2.06 7.94 2.29 Average 7.99 2.08 7.77 2.31

Moldova

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 3.73 2.40 3.03 2.66 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2000 4.57 2.32 3.97 2.57 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2006 5.45 2.26 4.94 2.51 Average 4.58 2.33 3.98 2.58

Montenegro

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 6.21 2.18 5.79 2.42 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 5.64 2.38 5.16 2.64 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2019 7.54 2.01 7.26 2.24 Average 6.46 2.19 6.07 2.43

Morocco

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 6.05 2.56 5.61 2.84 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 5.24 1.80 4.72 2.00 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2011 5.94 2.48 5.49 2.76 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2021 6.68 2.20 6.31 2.44 Average 5.98 2.26 5.53 2.51

Multiple nations

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 6.72 1.10 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 6.70 2.40 6.33 2.67 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 6.87 1.09 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1986 7.34 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1989 6.58 2.19 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 6.63 1.11 6.26 1.23 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 6.64 2.49 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1995 6.35 1.24 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1995 7.21 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1997 6.68 2.57 6.31 2.86 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1997 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1997 6.60 2.52 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1997 6.48 2.60 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 7.02 2.09 6.69 2.32 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 Average 6.76 2.03 5.34 2.27

Myanmar

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2020 7.20 2.59 6.89 2.88 Average 7.20 2.59 6.89 2.88

Netherlands

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 7.69 1.61 7.43 1.79 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 7.83 1.55 7.59 1.73 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 7.88 1.33 7.64 1.47 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 7.51 1.27 7.23 1.41 O-SLW-u-sq-n-10-c 2004 7.53 1.35 O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-a 2004 7.60 1.42 7.34 1.58 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2006 7.75 1.33 7.51 1.48 O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-a 2006 7.70 1.33 7.44 1.48 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 7.87 1.23 7.63 1.37 O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-a 2008 7.88 1.23 7.64 1.37 O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-a 2010 7.80 7.56 O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-a 2012 7.65 1.29 7.38 1.43 O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-a 2012 7.80 7.56 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 7.49 1.35 7.22 1.50 O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-a 2013 7.78 1.30 7.53 1.44 O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-a 2013 7.70 1.03 7.44 1.14 O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-a 2015 7.83 1.31 7.59 1.46 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 7.70 7.44 O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-a 2017 7.90 1.33 7.67 1.47 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2017 7.84 1.53 7.60 1.70 O-SLL-c-sq-n-10-a 2019 7.93 1.23 7.70 1.37 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2022 6.95 2.53 6.61 2.81 Average 7.71 1.40 7.46 1.56

New Zealand

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1998 7.70 2.03 7.45 2.25 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2004 7.89 1.87 7.65 2.07 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2011 7.64 1.95 7.38 2.16 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2019 7.55 1.87 7.28 2.08 Average 7.70 1.93 7.44 2.14

Nicaragua

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2019 7.94 2.29 7.72 2.55 Average 7.95 2.29 7.71 2.55

Nigeria

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 6.63 2.73 6.26 3.03 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1995 6.60 2.61 6.23 2.90 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2000 6.87 2.32 6.52 2.58 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 6.25 2.38 5.84 2.64 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 5.58 2.70 5.09 3.00 Average 6.39 2.55 5.99 2.83

North Macedonia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1997 5.70 2.19 5.23 2.43 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 5.12 2.71 4.58 3.01 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 5.23 2.40 4.70 2.67 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2019 7.29 2.38 6.98 2.64 Average 5.83 2.42 5.37 2.69

Norway

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 7.90 1.84 7.67 2.04 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 7.68 1.77 7.43 1.96 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 7.66 1.87 7.39 2.08 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 8.22 1.49 8.02 1.66 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2018 8.01 1.68 7.79 1.87 Average 7.89 1.73 7.66 1.92

Pakistan

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 4.86 1.47 4.28 1.64 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 7.54 2.10 7.27 2.33 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 7.66 2.41 7.40 2.68 Average 6.69 1.99 6.32 2.21

Palestine

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2013 5.62 2.49 5.14 2.77 Average 5.62 2.49 5.14 2.77

Peru

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 6.37 2.43 5.96 2.70 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 6.44 2.39 6.05 2.66 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 7.04 2.23 6.71 2.48 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 7.14 2.19 6.82 2.44 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 7.65 1.81 7.39 2.01 Average 6.93 2.21 6.59 2.46

Philippines

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 6.84 2.34 6.49 2.61 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 6.76 2.44 6.39 2.71 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 6.67 2.54 6.30 2.82 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 7.33 2.84 7.03 3.16 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2019 7.40 2.48 7.11 2.76 Average 7.00 2.53 6.66 2.81

Poland

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 6.64 2.35 6.27 2.61 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 6.43 2.42 6.03 2.68 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 6.37 2.47 5.97 2.75 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 6.17 2.28 5.74 2.53 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 7.02 2.08 6.69 2.31 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 6.89 2.04 6.54 2.27 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 7.09 1.97 6.76 2.18 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 7.20 6.89 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2017 7.56 1.96 7.29 2.18 Average 6.82 2.20 6.46 2.44

Portugal

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 7.08 2.13 6.75 2.36 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 6.99 1.96 6.65 2.17 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 5.97 2.07 5.52 2.30 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 6.19 1.96 5.77 2.18 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 6.90 6.56 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2020 7.36 1.61 7.07 1.79 Average 6.75 1.94 6.39 2.16

Puerto Rico

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1995 8.10 2.21 7.88 2.46 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 8.49 1.96 8.32 2.18 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2020 8.41 2.13 8.23 2.37 Average 8.33 2.10 8.15 2.34

Qatar

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2010 8.00 1.93 7.78 2.14 Average 8.00 1.93 7.78 2.14

Romania

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 5.88 2.33 5.42 2.59 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1998 4.86 2.47 4.29 2.75 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 5.23 2.77 4.70 3.08 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 6.19 2.27 5.76 2.52 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 5.75 2.38 5.28 2.65 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-ac 2005 5.75 2.38 5.28 2.65 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 6.47 2.08 6.08 2.31 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 6.69 2.39 6.32 2.66 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 6.50 6.11 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2018 7.51 2.32 7.23 2.58 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 7.15 2.16 6.83 2.40 Average 6.18 2.36 5.75 2.62

Russia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 5.35 2.39 4.84 2.66 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1993 5.06 2.50 4.51 2.78 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-g 1993 5.04 2.48 4.49 2.75 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-g 1994 5.23 2.33 4.70 2.59 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1995 4.45 2.52 3.84 2.80 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-g 1995 5.22 2.23 4.68 2.48 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1997 4.79 2.30 4.21 2.56 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-g 1997 5.39 2.25 4.88 2.50 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-g 1997 4.99 2.30 4.43 2.55 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-g 1998 4.48 2.30 3.87 2.55 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-g 1999 4.83 2.27 4.26 2.53 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 4.74 2.56 4.15 2.85 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 6.10 2.43 5.66 2.71 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2011 6.17 2.18 5.75 2.42 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2017 6.58 2.08 6.20 2.31 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2017 6.37 2.24 5.97 2.49 Average 5.30 2.34 4.78 2.60

Rwanda

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 4.97 2.11 4.41 2.34 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 6.46 1.61 6.07 1.79 Average 5.71 1.86 5.24 2.07

Saudi Arabia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2003 7.28 2.27 6.98 2.53 Average 7.28 2.27 6.98 2.53

Serbia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 5.56 2.45 5.07 2.72 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 5.62 2.47 5.13 2.74 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2006 6.01 2.09 5.56 2.32 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2017 6.70 2.00 6.34 2.22 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2017 6.61 2.18 6.23 2.42 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2018 6.70 2.25 6.33 2.51 Average 6.20 2.24 5.78 2.49

Singapore

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2002 7.13 1.72 6.81 1.91 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 6.96 1.63 6.62 1.81 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2019 6.99 1.82 6.65 2.02 Average 7.03 1.72 6.70 1.92

Slovakia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 6.15 2.17 5.72 2.41 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1998 6.07 2.24 5.63 2.49 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 6.03 2.22 5.58 2.47 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 5.67 2.37 5.19 2.63 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 6.68 1.99 6.31 2.21 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 6.40 6.00 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2017 7.30 1.90 7.00 2.12 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2022 6.78 1.93 6.42 2.14 Average 6.38 2.12 5.98 2.35

Slovenia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 6.29 2.21 5.88 2.45 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1995 6.46 2.13 6.06 2.36 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 7.23 2.15 6.92 2.39 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 6.98 1.94 6.64 2.16 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 7.24 1.95 6.93 2.17 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 7.23 1.88 6.92 2.09 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2011 7.36 1.93 7.06 2.15 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 6.90 6.56 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2017 7.67 1.70 7.41 1.89 Average 7.04 1.99 6.71 2.21

South Africa

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 6.30 2.41 5.89 2.68 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 6.21 2.91 5.79 3.24 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 5.59 2.79 5.10 3.10 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 5.81 2.72 5.35 3.03 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2007 7.02 2.40 6.69 2.67 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-j 2008 5.43 2.45 4.92 2.72 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2013 6.63 2.31 6.25 2.57 Average 6.14 2.57 5.71 2.86

Spain

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 6.60 2.01 6.22 2.23 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 7.14 1.93 6.82 2.14 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 6.61 1.96 6.23 2.18 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 7.05 1.91 6.72 2.13 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 7.46 1.73 7.18 1.92 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2007 7.32 1.50 7.02 1.67 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 7.25 1.78 6.94 1.98 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2011 6.79 1.75 6.44 1.95 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 7.00 6.67 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2017 7.49 1.67 7.21 1.85 Average 7.07 1.81 6.75 2.01

Sweden

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1982 8.01 1.72 7.79 1.91 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 7.97 1.74 7.74 1.93 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 7.77 1.81 7.52 2.01 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 7.66 1.85 7.39 2.05 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 7.80 1.68 7.56 1.86 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2006 7.74 1.60 7.49 1.78 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 8.34 1.62 8.16 1.80 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2011 7.55 1.70 7.28 1.89 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 7.90 7.67 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2017 7.64 1.77 7.38 1.96 Average 7.84 1.72 7.60 1.91

Switzerland

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 1992 8.24 1.69 8.04 1.88 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 8.15 1.74 7.95 1.93 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2007 8.01 1.58 7.79 1.76 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2017 7.97 1.78 7.75 1.98 Average 8.09 1.70 7.88 1.89

Taiwan

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1995 6.56 1.97 6.18 2.19 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2006 6.58 2.06 6.20 2.29 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 6.90 2.06 6.55 2.29 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2019 7.03 2.06 6.70 2.28 Average 6.77 2.04 6.41 2.26

Tajikistan

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2020 7.95 1.87 7.73 2.08 Average 7.95 1.87 7.73 2.08

Tanzania

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 3.87 3.22 3.19 3.58 Average 3.87 3.22 3.19 3.58

Thailand

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 7.21 1.81 6.90 2.01 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2013 7.57 1.94 7.30 2.15 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 6.58 2.15 6.20 2.39 Average 7.12 1.96 6.80 2.18

Trinidad and Tobago

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 7.32 2.16 7.03 2.40 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2010 7.47 2.11 7.18 2.34 Average 7.39 2.13 7.11 2.37

Tunisia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2013 5.58 2.60 5.09 2.88 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2019 5.52 2.49 5.02 2.77 Average 5.55 2.54 5.06 2.83

Türkiye

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 6.40 2.45 6.00 2.72 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 6.20 2.65 5.78 2.95 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2000 5.62 2.80 5.14 3.11 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 5.59 2.74 5.10 3.05 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2007 7.46 2.23 7.18 2.48 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 6.20 2.36 5.78 2.62 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2008 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 7.24 2.10 6.94 2.34 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2018 6.52 1.91 6.13 2.12 Average 6.40 2.40 6.01 2.67

Uganda

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 5.62 2.47 5.13 2.74 Average 5.62 2.47 5.13 2.74

Ukraine

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 3.95 2.28 3.28 2.53 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 4.56 2.60 3.96 2.88 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2006 5.67 2.36 5.19 2.62 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2011 5.91 2.46 5.45 2.74 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2020 6.08 2.12 5.65 2.36 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2020 6.20 2.42 5.78 2.69 Average 5.40 2.37 4.88 2.64

United Kingdom

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 7.70 7.40 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 7.65 1.90 7.39 2.11 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 7.47 1.92 7.19 2.14 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1998 7.59 1.93 7.33 2.14 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 7.40 1.93 7.11 2.15 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2003 7.28 1.96 6.98 2.18 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2006 7.60 1.61 7.33 1.79 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2007 7.29 1.98 6.99 2.20 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-b 2016 7.70 7.44 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2018 7.71 1.78 7.46 1.98 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2022 7.25 2.01 6.94 2.23 Average 7.51 1.89 7.23 2.10

United States of America

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1981 7.73 1.90 7.47 2.11 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1990 7.71 1.84 7.45 2.04 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1995 7.67 1.94 7.41 2.15 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1999 7.66 1.84 7.40 2.04 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2006 7.32 1.72 7.02 1.91 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2011 7.37 1.92 7.08 2.14 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2017 7.27 1.97 6.96 2.19 Average 7.53 1.88 7.26 2.08

Uruguay

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 7.06 2.31 6.74 2.56 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2011 7.60 2.02 7.33 2.25 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2022 8.12 1.86 7.91 2.07 Average 7.59 2.06 7.33 2.29

Uzbekistan

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2011 7.89 1.86 7.65 2.07 Average 7.89 1.86 7.66 2.07

Venezuela

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 1996 6.72 3.00 6.36 3.33 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2000 7.52 2.49 7.24 2.77 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2021 7.02 2.39 6.69 2.66 Average 7.09 2.63 6.76 2.92

Viet Nam

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 6.52 2.06 6.13 2.29 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 7.09 1.89 6.77 2.10 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2020 8.03 1.53 7.82 1.70 Average 7.21 1.83 6.91 2.03

Yemen

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2014 5.89 2.66 5.43 2.96 Average 5.89 2.66 5.43 2.96

Zambia

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2005 6.06 2.49 5.62 2.77 Average 6.06 2.49 5.62 2.77

Zimbabwe

Finding Measure Code Year Original (1 - 10) Scale (0 - 10) mean SD mean SD O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a 2001 3.94 2.74 3.26 3.04 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2012 5.81 2.29 5.34 2.54 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-I 2020 4.95 3.32 4.39 3.69 Average 4.90 2.78 4.33 3.09