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Correlational findings

Study Timmermans (1997): study ZA 1990

Public:
18+ aged, general public, South Africa, 1990
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2736
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Correlate

Authors's label
Perceived fate control
Our Classification
Operationalization
Single question: "How much freedom of choice and control do you feel you have over the way your life turns out?" rated on a 10-point numerical scale ranging from 'none at all' to 'a great deal'.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DM = + 1       M=2.42      Mt=4.7
2       M=2.39      Mt=4.6
3       M=2.28      Mt=4.3
4       M=2.40      Mt=4.7
5       M=2.56      Mt=5.2
6       M=2.87      Mt=6.2
7       M=2.89      Mt=6.3
8       M=3.10      Mt=7.0
9       M=3.08      Mt=6.9
10      M=3.09      Mt=7.0
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa DM = + 1       M=4.25      Mt=3.6
2       M=3.54      Mt=2.8
3       M=4.30      Mt=3.7
4       M=4.76      Mt=4.2
5       M=5.08      Mt=4.5
6       M=6.14      Mt=5.7  
7       M=6.50      Mt=6.1
8       M=7.35      Mt=7.1
9       M=7.44      Mt=7.1
10      M=7.54      Mt=7.3
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a DM = 1       M= .15      Mt=5.2
2       M= .02      Mt=5.0
3       M=-.18      Mt=4.8
4       M= .42      Mt=5.4
5       M= .86      Mt=5.9
6       M=1.38      Mt=6.4
7       M=1.45      Mt=6.4
8       M=1.97      Mt=7.0
9       M=1.92      Mt=6.9
10      M=1.79      Mt=6.8
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.32 p < .001 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.45 p < .001 A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a r = +.26 p < .001 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a tc = +.27 p < .001 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa tb = +.38 p < .001 A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a tc = +.19 p < .001 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Beta = +.28 p < .001 ß controlled for sex, age, and household income O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = +.39 p < .001 ß controlled for sex, age, and household income A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = +.19 p < .001 ß controlled for sex, age, and household income