Correlational findings

Study Bradburn (1969): study US 1963

21-60 aged, urban areas, USA, 1963 - 64
N = 2787
Non Response:
± 20%, Attrition ± 30%
Interview: face-to-face
Repeated interviews at home using highly structured questionnaires


Authors's label
Marital tension
Our Classification
11-item index of questions on differences in opinion or problems concerning: Each rated yes/no
1. time spend with friends
2. household expenses
3. being tired
4. being away from home too much
5. disciplining children
6. in-laws
7. not showing love
8. spouces job
9. how to spend leisuretime
10 religion
11 irritating personal habits

Assessed at:
T1: Januari 1963
T3: Oktober 1963

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa G = -.25 Males A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a G = -.16 Males O-HL-c-sq-v-3-aa G = -.37 Females A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a G = -.32 Females

- Strong relation with negative affect. Hardly
  any with positive affect.
- Unaffected by SES.
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a DMr = + CHANGE in marital tension is paralelled by CHANGE in negative affect (Relation with change in full ABS not computed).

This relation is stronger among females than males.

Change in negative affect expressed in change () in average ridits (RT). Ridit analysis compares distribution in category with distribution in total sample. RT above .50 means relative increase, RT below .50 relative decrease in happiness.