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Correlational findings

Study Ludwigs (2014): study DE 2014

Public
Users of a happiness app and controls, followed 9 weeks. Germany 2014
Survey name
Unnamed study
Sample
Respondents
N = 349
Non Response
Assessment
Questionnaire: web

Correlate

Authors's Label
Use of the happiness-Analyser
Our Classification
Distribution
1: n = 192
0: n = 157
Related specification variables
Operationalization
1: EXPERIMENTAL: Participants used a self-developed cell-phone application called "Happiness Analyser" between the first and the second questionnaire to heighten their awareness of their personal happiness. To do this the Happiness Analyser prompted the participants six times a day to rate their happiness, and to say what they are doing, where and with whom. Additionally, participants needed to reconstruct their previous day in episodes indicating again their activity, with whom and where they spent time and to rate again how happy they were during these episodes.
0: CONTROL; Participants just answered the questions on happiness

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a DM = + p < .05                   CHANGE average happiness:
             T1   T2-T1     T3-T2     T3-T1
Experimental 6,58 +0,39(05) +0,03(ns) +0,42(05)
Controls     6,64 +0,19(ns) +0,19(ns) +0,38(10)
- difference      +0,20     -0,16     +0,04(ns)
O-HL-u-sq-n-11-a D%sr = +                                                                  +3.9%               +4,2%
                  +1.9%               +3,8%
- difference      +2.0%               +0,4%
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cd DM = + p < .05              T1   T1-T2     T2-T3     T1-T3
Experimental 6,52 +0,37(05) +0,01(ns) +0,37(05)
Controls     6,78 -0,03(ns) +0,29(ns) +0,26(05)
- difference      +0,40     -0,28     +0.11(ns)
O-SLW-c-sq-n-11-cd D%sr = +                   +3.7%               +3,7%
                  -0.3%               +2,6%
- difference      +4.0%               +1,1%
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a DM = + ns              T1   T1-T2     T2-T3     T1-T3
Experimental 0,74 +0,07(ns) +0,05(ns) +0,12(ns)
Controls     1,08 +0,00(ns) +0,01(ns) +0,01(ns)
- difference      +0,07     +0,04     +0,11(ns)
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a D%sr = +                   +0.7%               +1,2%
                  +0.0%               +0,1%
- difference      +0.7%               +1,1%


T1: Start intervention
T2: 4 weeks later, end intervention
T3: 2 weeks later, follow-up

Between-group differences controled for:
- age, age squared
- gender
- big five personality
- household situation
- student (yes/no)
- education
- employment status
- income
- chronic condition (health)
- country of birth and parents’
- country of birth