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Correlational findings

Study Halman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981 /2

Public:
18+ aged, general public, EU 10, 1981
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 12464
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Highly structured

Correlate

Authors's label
Marital status
Our Classification
Operationalization
Direct question: "At this moment are you ......?" (order reversed)
1 Married
2 Living together
3 Divorced
4 Seperated
5 Widowed
6 Never married

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.10 p < .01 France O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.19 p < .01 France A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = +.12 France O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.11 p < .01 Great-Britain O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Beta = +.14 A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = <.10 Great-Britain O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.07 p < .01 West Germany A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = +.10 West Germany O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.20 p < .01 Great-Britain O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Beta = +.12 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.15 p < .01 Italy A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = +.11 Italy O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.11 p < .01 Denmark O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.14 p < .05 West Germany A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = <.10 Netherlands O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Beta = <.10 O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.13 p < .01 Belgium A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = +.20 Denmark A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = +.16 Belgium O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.14 p < .01 Spain O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.21 p < .01 Italy A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = +.17 Spain O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.18 p < .01 Ireland O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Beta = +.16 A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = +.18 Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.08 ns Northern Ireland

Irregular relation between answering categories and means in satisfaction.

O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.20 p < .01 Denmark A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = <.10 Northern Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = <.10 In none of the european countries ß weights of this variable reached .10 level in multiple regression analysis, when controlling for:
satisfaction(HAPP 2.1), affect(AFF 2.3), satisfaction with health, income and family life; age, income, education,having children, work, male sex; urbanisation, type of dwelling, own home, religiousness, social participation; uncertainty about future, expected negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in past and future; tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, hopeless about life and sense of control.
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Beta = <.10 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.16 p < .01 Belgium A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = +.11 EC

ß's controlled for: education, work, income, age, type of dwelling, having children and social participation.
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Beta = <.10 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.18 p < .01 Spain O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Beta = +.10 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.18 p < .01 Ireland O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Beta = <.10 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.04 ns Northern Ireland O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Beta = <.10 O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Beta = -.11 EC

O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = + EC (stratified sample)    
married            Mt'=  7.22
living together    Mt'=  6.78
divorced           Mt'=  5.89
separated          Mt'=  5.78
widowed            Mt'=  5.67
never married      Mt'=  6.67

ß's controlled for: satisfaction(HAPP 2.1), affect(AFF 2.3), satisfaction with health, income and family life; age, income, education, having children, work, male sex; urbanisation, type of dwelling, own home, religiousness, social participation; uncertainty about future, expected negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in past and future; tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, hopeless about life and sense of control.