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Correlational findings

Study Halman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981 /2

Public:
18+ aged, general public, EU 10, 1981
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 12464
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Highly structured

Correlate

Authors's label
Age
Our Classification
Operationalization
1  <31
2  31-45
3  46-60
4  >60

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = -.08 p < .01 France A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = <.10 France O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.01 ns France A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = <.10 Great-Britain O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = -.04 ns Great-Britain O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.10 p < .01 Great-Britain O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = -.08 p < .01 West Germany O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.03 ns West Germany A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = -.15 West Germany O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = -.06 p < .05 Italy A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = <.10 Italy O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = -.22 p < .01 Italy A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = <.10 Netherlands O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = -.04 Netherlands O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.02 Netherlands A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = <.10 Denmark O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = -.03 ns Denmark O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = -.07 p < .01 Denmark O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = -.17 p < .01 Belgium A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = <.10 Belgium O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = -.10 p < .01 Belgium A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = <.10 Spain O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = -.04 p < .05 Spain O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = -.08 p < .01 Spain O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.04 ns Ireland O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = -.07 p < .01 Ireland A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = -.10 Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.14 p < .01 Northern Ireland O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.02 ns Northern Ireland A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = <.10 Northern Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.01 EC

O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = -.11 EC

A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a Beta = <.10 EC

ß's controlled for: marital status, work, income, type of dwelling, having children, social participation and education.
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a DMt = - EC (stratified sample)  
<31                Mt'=  7.11
31-45              Mt'=  7.11
46-60              Mt'=  6.89
>60                Mt'=  6.56
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa DMt = ± EC (stratified sample)
<31                Mt'=  6.67
31-45              Mt'=  6.78
46-60              Mt'=  6.67
>60                Mt'=  6.78
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a Beta = <.10 In none of the European countries (except for Belgium:ß=-.17) ß weights of this variable reached .10 level in multiple regression analysis, when controlling for:
satisfaction(HAPP 2.1), affect(AFF 2.3), satisfaction with health, income and family life; income, education, marital status, having children, work, male sex; urbanisation, type of dwelling, own home, religiousness, social participation; uncertainty about future, expected negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in past and future; tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, hopeless about life and sense of control.
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = <.10 In none of the european countries (except for W.Germany and N.Ireland:ß =+.10) ß weights of this variable reached .10 level in multiple regression analysis, when controlling for:
satisfaction(HAPP 2.1), affect(AFF 2.3), satisfaction with health, income and family life; income, education, marital status, having children, work, male sex; urbanisation, type of dwelling, own home, religiousness, social participation; uncertainty about future, expected negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in past and future; tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, hopeless about life and sense of control.