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Correlational findings

Study Ouweneel (2002): study ZZ Developed nations 1980

Public:
Unemployed adults, 42 nations, 1980-90
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 60000
Non Response:
n.a.
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
State welfare effort
Our Classification
Operationalization
Welfare state effort as expenditures social security as a percentage of GDP

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a r = +.28 ns 27-30 nations in 1990 A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a rpc = +.12 ns O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a r = +.10 ns O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a rpc = -.24 ns O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.14 ns O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a rpc = -.27 ns A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a r = +.49 ns 15-17 first world nations in 1990 A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a rpc = +.49 ns O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a r = +.07 ns O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-a rpc = -.06 ns O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a r = +.08 ns O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a rpc = -.07 ns
rpc's are controlled for Real GDP