Findings on happiness in Linn & McGranahan (1980): study US 1984

Publication
Author(s)Linn, J.G.; McGranahan, D.H.
TitlePersonal Disruptions, Social Integration, Subjective Well-Being and Predisposition towards the Use of Counseling Services.
SourceAmerican Journal of Community Psychology, 1980, Vol. 8, 87 - 100
DOIDOI:10.1007/BF00892284
Investigation
PublicPhysicians, California, USA, 1984
Collect periodsummer
Survey nameUnnamed study
SampleProbability simple random sample
 50% random sample of fulltime academic and all practicing volunteer faculty affiliated with Departement of Medicine of urban teaching hospital
Respondents N =211
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire. Detail on measurement taken from Linn et all, 1986 'Health habits and coping behaviors among practicing physicians'. Western Journal of Medicine, 1986, vol. 144, 484-489
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole.....? 7 delighted 6 pleased 5 mostly satisfied 4 mixed 3 mostly dissatisfied 2 unhappy 1 terrible Name: Andrews & Withey's `Delighted-Terrible Scale' (original version)
ClassificationO-DT-u-sq-v-7-a
Author's labelFactors Associated WithLife Satisfaction
Page in publication830-837
Remarks1% scored 1 or 2, precise scores in each category not reported
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean5.617.67
Standard deviation1.061.76

Scores in1234567
%0.50.54.08.023.048.016.0

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Academic (vs. clinical faculty)E02aeCurrent employment arrangement
Active CopingC11ab01Current coping-style
Active CopingR10adCurrent religious practices, also classified as above ↑
Active CopingT01acCurrent time-organization, also classified as above ↑
Active CopingL03ac02hReading, also classified as above ↑
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Alcohol consumptionC11ab01Current coping-style
Alcohol consumptionS13ab01Use of alcohol, also classified as above ↑
Amount of primary care (vs. specialist care)O01acCharacteristics of current occupation
Behavioural patternS15ab21Socio-demographic + health + life style
Conflict between work and home lifeP14ab02Kind of problems perceived
Conflict between work and home lifeW05agPerceived conflict between work and home life, also classified as above ↑
Eating regularyC11ab01Current coping-style
Eating regularyN15abCurrent nutrition, also classified as above ↑
Father's occupationF01agSocio-economic background (earlier for adults, current for young)
Health habitsC11ab01Current coping-style
Health habitsH12abCurrent healthy life-style, also classified as above ↑
Health habitsS12ab01aActive involvement in sports
Health habitsC11ab01Current coping-style, also classified as above ↑
Health habitsH12abCurrent healthy life-style, also classified as above ↑
Job satisfactionW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
MarriedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Negative CopingC11ab01Current coping-style
Number of childrenC03ab01Number of children
Number of chronic problemsP14ab01Amount of problems perceived
Number of chronic problemsH13ac02Disorders due to substance use (f10-f19), also classified as above ↑
Number of vacation days in past yearL03abCurrent leisure time
Number of vacation days in past yearT01adCurrent time-usage, also classified as above ↑
Number of vacation days in past yearE02ad02Hours work, also classified as above ↑
Number of vacation days in past yearW04ab06Load of work, also classified as above ↑
PsychotherapyC11abCurrent coping
PsychotherapyH03abCurrent happiness behaviour, also classified as above ↑
PsychotherapyH12ac02Therapy seeking, also classified as above ↑
PsychotherapyH16abTreatment for mental disorder (clinical psychology, psycihatry), also classified as above ↑
Racial minorityE04ab03tEthnic status in the USA
Rand Anxiety Scale scoreH13ac05aAnxious (f40)
ReligionR10abCurrent religious beliefs
Restructuring practiceC11ab01Current coping-style
Restructuring practiceT01acCurrent time-organization, also classified as above ↑
SexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Sexual relationsC11ab01Current coping-style
Sexual relationsS03abCurrent sex-life, also classified as above ↑
SleepingS04ab01Amount of sleep
SleepingC11ab01Current coping-style, also classified as above ↑
SnackingC11ab01Current coping-style
SnackingN15abCurrent nutrition, also classified as above ↑
SocializingS06abCurrent contacts
SocializingF06acCurrent contacts with friends, also classified as above ↑
SocializingC11ab01Current coping-style, also classified as above ↑
SocializingL03ac02Specific leisure activities, also classified as above ↑
StressP14ab02Kind of problems perceived
StressW04ab07Problems at work, also classified as above ↑
Task of physiciansO01acCharacteristics of current occupation
Task of physiciansA02abCurrent activity pattern, also classified as above ↑
Task of physiciansT01adCurrent time-usage, also classified as above ↑
Use of tobaccoC11ab01Current coping-style
Use of tobaccoS13ab08Use of tobacco, also classified as above ↑
Venting feelings with othersC11ab01Current coping-style
Venting feelings with othersP05cv02Style of self-disclosure, also classified as above ↑
Zung Depression Scale scoreH13ac04aDepressive (f31-33)