### Findings on happiness in Brunstein (1993): study DE 1988

 Publication Author(s) Brunstein, J.C. Title Personal Goals and Subjective Well-Being: A Longitudinal Study. Source Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1993, Vol. 65, 1061 - 1070 Investigation Public Students, Germany, 1988, followed 14 weeks average age: 23.5 (SD = 2.74) Collect period beginning November Last assesment 1989 Last collect period mid-February Repeated assesment with 4 week intervals (6 weeks in December due to Christmas holiday ): T1: beginning of November, T2: beginning of December, T3: mid-January, T4: mid-February Survey name Unnamed study Longitudinal study in which participants were to list six personal goals they considered to be most important for them in the next few months. In a period of 14 week there were 4 moment when they were asked about their commitment to the goals, their perception of attainability of the goals and the last 3 times the progress they percieved they had made concerning their goals. At all 4 moments the participants also got a question about their current well-being. Sample Probability sample (unspecified) Respondents N = 97 36 women, 52 men Non Response 9 4 dropped out, 3 had missing data, 2 changed their personal goals within the period of the study Assesment Questionnaire: web T1 intructions were carried out in group sessions, T2-T4 intructions were mailed to the subjects and they were to reply. Happiness measure(s) used
 Full text Selfreport on 2 questions: A At present I am completely satisfied with my life B In the near future a lot of things will have to change before I feel satisfied with my life Rated 1 completely disagree 2 3 4 5 6 7 completelt agree Computation: (A+B)/2, B reversed Classification O-SLW-c-mq-n-7-a Page in publication 1064 Remarks Assessed 4 times with an interval of 4 weeks: M = T1: 4.17, T2: 3.82, T3: 4.23, T4: 4.22. Average: 4.12 SD = T1: 1.23, T2: 1.56, T3: 1.54, T4: 1.22. Average: 1.52 Finding used in nation ranks Yes
 On original range 1 - 7 On range 0 - 10 Mean 4.12 Standard deviation 1.51

 Full text Selfreport on 8 questions … extent to which moods were experienced during the past few days (full text not reported} A happy B joyful C pleased D confident E sad F depressed G frustrated H anxious Rated: 1 not at all : 7 very frequently Computation: (A+B+C+D) -(E+F+G+H)/4 Classification A-AB-c-mq-n-7-a Author's label elated and depressed mood Page in publication 1063-65 Finding used in nation ranks Yes

 Full text Selfreport on 10 questions: A 8 questions about current mood … extent to which moods were experienced during the past few days (full text not reported} a happy b joyful c pleased d confident e sad f depressed g frustrated h anxious Rated: 1 not at all … 7 very frequently B 2 questions on life satisfaction a At present I am completely satisfied with my life b In the near future a lot of things will have to change before I feel satisfied with my life Rated: 1 completely disagree .. 7 completelt agree Computation: (A+B)/2 Classification M-AO-c-mq-n-7-a Author's label subjective wellbeing scale Page in publication 1065 Remarks Satisfaction with life measured by substracting scores on depressed mood from scores on elated mood (the original scores are divided by 4). M = T1: 5.42, T2 = 5.39, T3: 6.99, T4: 6.03 SD = T1: 1.09, T2: 1.44, T3: 0.18, T4: 0.50 Finding used in nation ranks Yes
 On original range 0 - 0 On range 0 - 10 Mean 5.96 Standard deviation 0.80

#### Correlational findings

 Author's label Subject CodeFinding Subject description Attainability of personal goals L07ac02a Perceived chances for realization Commitment to personal goals L07ab06 Involvement in life-goals Progress in goal achievement L07ac02 Perceived realization of life-goals Well-being over time H04ab01a Recent happiness (< 1 year ago)