Findings on happiness in Brunstein (1993): study DE 1988

Publication
Author(s)Brunstein, J.C.
TitlePersonal Goals and Subjective Well-Being: A Longitudinal Study.
SourceJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1993, Vol. 65, 1061 - 1070
Investigation
PublicStudents, Germany, 1988, followed 14 weeks
 average age: 23.5 (SD = 2.74)
Collect periodbeginning November
Last assesment1989
Last collect periodmid-February
 Repeated assesment with 4 week intervals (6 weeks in December due to Christmas holiday ): T1: beginning of November, T2: beginning of December, T3: mid-January, T4: mid-February
Survey nameUnnamed study
 Longitudinal study in which participants were to list six personal goals they considered to be most important for them in the next few months. In a period of 14 week there were 4 moment when they were asked about their commitment to the goals, their perception of attainability of the goals and the last 3 times the progress they percieved they had made concerning their goals. At all 4 moments the participants also got a question about their current well-being.
SampleProbability sample (unspecified)
Respondents N =97
 36 women, 52 men
Non Response9
 4 dropped out, 3 had missing data, 2 changed their personal goals within the period of the study
AssesmentQuestionnaire: web
 T1 intructions were carried out in group sessions, T2-T4 intructions were mailed to the subjects and they were to reply.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 2 questions: A At present I am completely satisfied with my life B In the near future a lot of things will have to change before I feel satisfied with my life Rated 1 completely disagree 2 3 4 5 6 7 completelt agree Computation: (A+B)/2, B reversed
ClassificationO-SLW-c-mq-n-7-a
Page in publication1064
RemarksAssessed 4 times with an interval of 4 weeks: M = T1: 4.17, T2: 3.82, T3: 4.23, T4: 4.22. Average: 4.12 SD = T1: 1.23, T2: 1.56, T3: 1.54, T4: 1.22. Average: 1.52
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean4.12
Standard deviation1.51


Full textSelfreport on 8 questions extent to which moods were experienced during the past few days (full text not reported} A happy B joyful C pleased D confident E sad F depressed G frustrated H anxious Rated: 1 not at all : 7 very frequently Computation: (A+B+C+D) -(E+F+G+H)/4
ClassificationA-AB-c-mq-n-7-a
Author's labelelated and depressed mood
Page in publication1063-65
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on 10 questions: A 8 questions about current mood extent to which moods were experienced during the past few days (full text not reported} a happy b joyful c pleased d confident e sad f depressed g frustrated h anxious Rated: 1 not at all 7 very frequently B 2 questions on life satisfaction a At present I am completely satisfied with my life b In the near future a lot of things will have to change before I feel satisfied with my life Rated: 1 completely disagree .. 7 completelt agree Computation: (A+B)/2
ClassificationM-AO-c-mq-n-7-a
Author's labelsubjective wellbeing scale
Page in publication1065
RemarksSatisfaction with life measured by substracting scores on depressed mood from scores on elated mood (the original scores are divided by 4). M = T1: 5.42, T2 = 5.39, T3: 6.99, T4: 6.03 SD = T1: 1.09, T2: 1.44, T3: 0.18, T4: 0.50
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 0On range 0 - 10
Mean5.96
Standard deviation0.80


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Attainability of personal goalsL07ac02aPerceived chances for realization
Commitment to personal goalsL07ab06Involvement in life-goals
Progress in goal achievementL07ac02Perceived realization of life-goals
Well-being over timeH04ab01aRecent happiness (< 1 year ago)