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Studies

Timmermans (1997): study DK 1990

Publication

Author(s):
Timmermans, D.
Title:
Correlates of Happiness in 42 Nations: Analysis of the World Values Study 1990 - 1991
Source:
No report available. Findings directly entered in the World Database of Happiness. Based on analysis of World Values Survey 2.

Investigation

Public:
18+ aged, general public, Denmark, 1990
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 1030
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Structured interview

Happiness Measure(s) and Distributional Findings

Full text:
Self report on single question:

Taking all things together, would you say you are.....?
4  very happy
3  quite happy
2  not very happy
1  not at all happy.
Classification:
O-HL-u-sq-v-4-a
Author's label:
Happiness
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 1%,   2: 4.7%,   3: 51.3%,   4: 42.3%   (total 99.3%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 4 On range 0-10
Mean:
3.36 7.90
SD:
- -
Full text:
Self report on single question:

All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life as-a-whole now.....?
1   dissatisfied
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10  satisfied
Classification:
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa
Author's label:
Life satisfaction
Observed distribution
Frequencies
1: 1.6%,   2: 0.5%,   3: 1.5%,   4: 1.2%,   5: 5.1%,   6: 4.4%,   7: 11.5%,   8: 25.1%,   9: 19.9%,   10: 28.8%   (total 99.6%)
Summary Statistics
On original range 1 - 10 On range 0-10
Mean:
8.15 7.95
SD:
1.90 2.11
Full text:
Self report on 10 questions:

During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly excited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Classification:
A-BB-cm-mq-v-2-a
Author's label:
Affect Balance Scale
Remarks:
"+5 High          4.8%
+4              15.7%
+3              19.3%
+2              22.2%
+1              16.0%
0                9.7%
-1               5.1%
-2               1.9%
-3               1.7%
-4                .8%
-5 Low            .1%

M = 1.93    "
Observed distribution
Summary Statistics
On original range -5 - 5 On range 0-10
Mean:
1.93 6.90
SD:
- -

Correlational Findings

Author's label Subject Description Finding Membership of volun-tary organizations Membership of voluntary organizations Tolerance Tolerant attitudes Global health rating Global health self-rating Perceived fate control Inner locus of control Pride in work Current pride in work Satisfaction with job Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole Satisfaction with financial situation Satisfaction with financial situation Church-member or not Church-member or not Self-definition as religious Self-definition as religious Satisfaction with family-life Satisfaction with family-life Current marital status MARRIAGE: CURRENT MARITAL STATUS Number of children Number of children Children in the household Children in the household Political concern Political concern Male sex Sexe: male (vs female) Current age Current age (in years) Level of school- education Level of school-education Current Household- composition Current household-composition Current employment status Current employment status Household income Household income